Toxic Shock Syndrome is a serious illness most often caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus
and less commonly Streptococcus pyogenes
(group A streptococci) both of which can produce "toxins." TSS was first recognized in 1978 and was later associated with tampon use in adolescents and young menstruating women in the majority of those cases. TSS is now known to be associated with other risk factors such as surgical wounds and childbirth. TSS has a rapid onset characterized by fever, low blood pressure, kidney failure, and multi-system organ involvement. Profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting and rash are usually present with Staphylococcus aureus
TSS, but less commonly with Streptococcus pyogenes
(group A streptococci) TSS.