Telmisartan and Hydrochlorothiazide
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about this medicine. It does not contain
all available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or
All medicines have benefits and risks. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking
this medicine against the benefits it is expected to have for you.
If you have any concerns about this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What this medicine is used for
APO-Telmisartan HCTZ is used to lower high blood pressure (hypertension).
Everyone has blood pressure. This pressure helps your blood move around your body.
Your blood pressure may be different at different times of the day, depending on how
busy or worried you are.
You have hypertension when your blood pressure stays higher than is needed, even when
you are calm or relaxed. There are usually no signs of hypertension. The only way
of knowing that you have hypertension is to have your blood pressure checked on a
Untreated hypertension can lead to serious health problems, including stroke, heart
disease and kidney failure.
APO-Telmisartan HCTZ contains both telmisartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in one
single tablet. These two active ingredients help to reduce blood pressure in different
Telmisartan belongs to a group of medicines called angiotensin II receptor antagonists.
Angiotensin II is a substance in the body which causes blood vessels to narrow, thus
increasing blood pressure. Telmisartan works by blocking the effect of angiotensin
II. When the effect of angiotensin II is blocked, your blood vessels relax, and your
blood pressure goes down
Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to the group of medicines called diuretics. Diuretics
help to reduce the amount of excess fluid in the body by increasing the amount of
urine produced. They help with lowering blood pressure particularly when used with
other blood pressure lowering medicines
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed
Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor’s prescription.
The safety and effectiveness of this medicine in children and teenagers up to 18 years
of age have not been established.
Before you take this medicine
When you must not take it
Do not take this medicine if you have an allergy to:
any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
shortness of breath
wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
rash itching or hives on the skin.
Do not take this medicine if you have a rare hereditary condition of fructose intolerance.
The maximum recommended daily dose of APO-Telmisartan HCTZ contains 170 mg of mannitol
(in the 40/12.5 mg tablets) and approximately 340 mg of mannitol (in the 80/12.5 mg
and 80/25 mg tablets).
Do not take this medicine if you have a rare hereditary condition of galactose intolerance.
The maximum recommended daily dose of APO-Telmisartan HCTZ contains 84 mg of lactose
monohydrate (in the 40/12.5 mg) and 180.5mg of lactose monohydrate (in the 80/12.5
mg tablets) and 169.4 mg of lactose monohydrate (in the 80/25 mg tablets).
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Telmisartan/HCTZ is not recommended for use in pregnancy. It may affect your developing
baby if you take it during pregnancy.
Do not breastfeed if you are taking this medicine.
It is not known if telmisartan or hydrochlorothiazide pass into breast milk and there
is a possibility that your baby may be affected.
Do not take this medicine if you have any of the following medical conditions:
severe liver or kidney disease
cholestasis or biliary obstructive disorders
low potassium levels or high calcium levels in the blood
diabetes or kidney problems and you are taking aliskiren (a medicine used to treat
high blood pressure)
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging
is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
kidney, liver or heart problems
raised aldosterone levels (also known as Conn's syndrome or primary hyperaldosteronism)
fructose or galactose intolerance
recent severe diarrhoea or vomiting
systemic lupus erythematosus
a very low salt diet.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell your doctor before you
take this medicine.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any
that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food
Some medicines and this one may interfere with each other. These include:
other medicines used to treat high blood pressure (e.g. beta-blockers)
antiarrhythmic medicines (e.g. digoxin)
lithium, used for mood disorders
diuretics or fluid tablets, used to remove excess fluid from the body
medicines or salt substitutes which may increase your potassium levels (e.g. potassium
supplements or potassium-containing salt substitutes)
medicines used to treat infections (e.g. amphotericin B or penicillin antibiotics)
strong pain killing medicines
medicines for diabetes (oral tablets or insulin)
powder or granules used to help reduce cholesterol
medicines used to treat a weakened immune system (e.g. prednisolone, cancer medicines)
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents used to relieve pain (e.g. aspirin)
medicines used to treat gout
calcium supplements or medicines containing calcium
some medicines used to treat Parkinson's disease (e.g. anticholinergic medicines,
medicines used to treat cancer (e.g. cytotoxic medicines such as methotrexate)
These medicines may be affected by telmisartan/HCTZ or may affect the way it works.
Also, other medicines used to treat high blood pressure may have an additive effect
with this medicine in lowering your blood pressure. Therefore, you may need different
amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or
avoid while taking this medicine.
How to take this medicine
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the label, ask your doctor or pharmacist
How much to take
Your doctor or pharmacist will tell you how many tablets you will need to take each
day. This depends on your condition and whether you are taking any other medicines.
The usual dose for this medicine is one tablet taken once a day.
If your blood pressure is still too high after 4-8 weeks of starting treatment, your
doctor may increase your dose.
When to take it
Take this medicine at about the same time each day.
Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you
remember when to take it.
How to take it
Swallow the tablet whole with a full glass of water.
You can take it with or without food.
How long to take it for
Take this medicine every day until your doctor tells you to stop.
This medicine helps control your high blood pressure but does not cure it. It is important
to keep taking it every day even if you feel well.
People who have high blood pressure often feel well and do not notice any signs of
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next
dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take the dose as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking it as
you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
This may increase the chance of you getting unwanted side effects.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26)
for advice or go to the Emergency department at your nearest hospital, if you think
that you or anyone else may have taken too much medicine. Do this even if there are
no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention. If you take too much, you may feel dizzy, light-headed
or faint. Your heartbeat may be faster or lower than usual. You may experience dehydration,
nausea, drowsiness and muscle spasm.
While you are taking this medicine
Things you must do
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are
taking this medicine.
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist
that you are taking this medicine.
If you feel that this medicine is not helping your condition, tell your doctor or
Tell your doctor if, for any reason, you have not used this medicine exactly as prescribed.
Otherwise, your doctor may think that it was not effective and change your treatment
Tell your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while taking this medicine.
If you are going to have surgery, tell your doctor and anaesthetist that you are taking
It may affect some medicines you receive during surgery.
Tell your doctor if you develop an unexpected abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore or
coloured area on the skin (skin lesion) during the treatment.
Treatment with hydrochlorothiazide, particularly long-term use with high doses, may
increase the risk of some types of skin and lip cancer (nonmelanoma skin cancer).
Protect your skin from sun exposure and UV rays while telmisartan/HCTZ.
Things you must not do
Do not use this medicine to treat other complaints unless your doctor or pharmacist
tells you to.
Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as
Do not stop taking this medicine or lower the dosage without checking with your doctor.
Things to be careful of
Be careful when driving or operating machinery until you know how this medicine affects
Telmisartan/HCTZ may cause sleepiness, dizziness or light-headedness in some people.
If you have any of these symptoms, do not drive, operate machinery or do anything
else that could be dangerous.
You may feel dizzy or light-headed when you begin to take this medicine, especially
if you are also taking a diuretic or if you are dehydrated.
If this medicine makes you feel dizzy or light-headed, be careful when getting up
from a sitting or lying position.
Standing up slowly, especially when you get up from a bed or chair, will help your
body get used to the change in position and blood pressure. If this problem continues
or gets worse, talk to your doctor.
If you exercise or sweat, or if the weather is hot, you should drink plenty of water.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are taking this medicine.
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time
they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
fainting, dizziness or spinning sensation
a feeling of tension or fullness in the nose, cheeks and behind the eyes, sometimes
with a throbbing ache (sinusitis)
infections of the air passages
shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
abnormal or blurred vision, eye pain
changes in heart rhythm or increased heart rate
rash or redness or itchiness of skin
dizziness or light-headedness when you stand up (postural hypotension)
stomach complaints, including pain, discomfort, dyspepsia, gastritis, wind, nausea,
vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation
pins and needles
sleep disturbances or trouble sleeping
feeling anxious or depression
leg pain or cramps in legs
aching muscles or aching joints not caused by exercise or muscle spasms
changes in the levels of potassium, magnesium, calcium or sodium or uric acid in your
blood (such changes are usually detected by a blood test)
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any side effects during or
after taking this medicine, so that these may be properly treated.
Symptoms such as feeling very thirsty, sleepy, sick or vomiting, a dry mouth, general
weakness, muscle pain or cramps, a very fast heart rate, may mean that the HCTZ part
of telmisartan/HCTZ is having an excessive effect.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any unexpected changes to your
skin, including your lips. This could be a type of skin or lip cancer (non-melanoma
If you notice any of the following, tell your doctor immediately or go to the Emergency
department at your nearest hospital:
swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in
swallowing or breathing
severe and sudden onset of pinkish, itchy swellings on the skin, also called hives
or nettle rash
developing or worsening of a disease called systemic lupus erythematosus which affects
the skin, joints and kidney
These are serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.
These side effects are rare.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you unwell.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.
After taking this medicine
Keep your tablets in the pack until it is time to take them.
The blister pack protects the tablets from light and moisture.
Keep this medicine in a cool, dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store this medicine or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do
not leave it in the car or on window sill.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep this medicine where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place
to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop using this medicine or it has passed its expiry date,
ask your pharmacist what to do with any left over.
What it looks like
Pink mottled and white to off-white biconvex, oval shaped, two-layer tablets. The
white to off-white layer may contain pink specks. The pink mottled face of 40/12.5
mg tablets are marked with L199. AUST R 208064.
80/12.5 mg tablets:
Pink mottled and white to off-white biconvex, oval shaped, two-layer tablets. The
white to off-white layer may contain pink specks. The pink mottled face of 80/12.5
mg tablets are marked with L200. AUST R 208069.
80/25 mg tablets:
Yellow mottled and white to off-white biconvex, oval shaped, two-layer tablet. The
white to off-white layer may contain yellow specks. The white face of 80/25 mg tablets
are marked with L201. AUST R 208063.
Available in blister packs of 28 tablets.
Each tablet contains either 40 mg or 80 mg of telmisartan and contains either 12.5
mg or 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide.
Other ingredients in the tablets include:
sodium stearyl fumarate
Pigment Blend PB-24880 Pink colouring (40/12.5 mg and 80/12.5 mg strength only)
Pigment Blend PB-52290 Yellow colouring (80/25 mg strength only)
Apotex Pty Ltd
16 Giffnock Avenue
Macquarie Park NSW 2113
Tel: (02) 8877 8333
This leaflet was last updated in