Oxycodone hydrochloride (ox-ee-code-own hi-dro-klor-ide)
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about OxyNorm liquid.
It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of
talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking
this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What OxyNorm liquid is taken for
OxyNorm liquid contains oxycodone hydrochloride. Oxycodone belongs to a group of
medicines called opioid analgesics.
OxyNorm liquid is used to relieve moderate to severe pain.
Your doctor, however, may prescribe it for another purpose.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why it has been prescribed for you.
As with all strong painkillers, your body may become used to you taking OxyNorm liquid.
Taking it may result in physical dependence. Physical dependence means that you may
experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking oxycodone suddenly, so it is important
to take it exactly as directed by your doctor.
This medicine is only available with a doctor's prescription.
Before you take it
Long-term use of OxyNorm liquid may result in a decrease in sex hormone levels which
may affect sperm production in men and the menstrual cycle in females. Talk to your
doctor if you have any concerns.
When you must not take it
Do not take OxyNorm liquid if you:
have any breathing problems such as acute asthma, respiratory depression (breathing
slows or weakens) or other obstructive airways disease
are severely drowsy or have a reduced level of consciousness
suffer from irregular or fast heartbeats or changes in the way the heart beats
have heart disease if due to long-term lung disease
have just consumed a large amount of alcohol, regularly consume large amounts of alcohol
or have confusion and shaking due to alcohol withdrawal
suffer from convulsions, fits or seizures
have a head injury, brain tumour or raised pressure within the head, brain or spinal
have sudden, severe abdominal pain
have a condition where your stomach empties more slowly than it should or your small
bowel does not work properly
have severe kidney or liver disease
are about to have an operation (including surgery on your spine for pain relief) in
the next 6 hours
take a medicine for depression called a 'monoamine oxidase inhibitor' or have taken
any in the last two weeks.
Do not take OxyNorm liquid if you are allergic to oxycodone, opioid analgesics, or
any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include: •shortness of breath
•wheezing or difficulty breathing •swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts
of the body
•rash, itching or hives on the skin
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Like most medicines of this kind, OxyNorm liquid is not recommended to be taken during
pregnancy. Your doctor will discuss the risks of taking it if you are pregnant.
Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 18 years of age.
Safety and effectiveness in children younger than 18 years of age have not been established.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack.
If you take it after the expiry date has passed, it may not work very well.
Do not take it if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
low blood pressure
increased prostate size or difficulty passing urine
chronic lung, liver or kidney disease
disease of your gall bladder or bile duct
inflammation of the pancreas
underactive adrenal glands
underactive thyroid gland
inflammatory bowel disease or recent abdominal surgery
severe mental condition involving losing contact with reality, hearing voices or an
inability to think clearly
an addiction or history of abuse of alcohol, opioids or other drugs.
This medicine is not recommended to be taken during labour.
Oxycodone given to the mother during labour can cause breathing problems and signs
of withdrawal in the newborn.
Tell your doctor if you are breast feeding or planning to breastfeed.
Oxycodone should not be taken while breastfeeding. Oxycodone can pass into the breast
milk and can affect the baby.
Your doctor can discuss with you the risks involved.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines or dietary supplements, including
any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health
Some medicines, dietary supplements and OxyNorm liquid may interfere with each other.
medicines to treat depression, psychiatric or mental disorders
medicines to treat depression belonging to a group called monoamine oxidase inhibitors
must be stopped 14 days before OxyNorm liquid is taken
medicines to help you sleep
medicines to put you to sleep during an operation or procedure
medicines to relax your muscles
medicines to lower blood pressure
quinidine and other medicines to treat the heart
medicines to treat convulsions e.g. phenytoin, carbamazepine
medicines to thin the blood e.g. coumarin derivatives such as warfarin
cimetidine, a medicine to treat stomach ulcers or heartburn
medicines to relieve stomach cramps or spasms, to prevent travel sickness or symptoms
medicines to treat Parkinson's disease
medicines to treat urinary incontinence
medicines to stop nausea or vomiting e.g. metoclopramide
other pain relievers including other opioids
medicines to treat fungal infections e.g. ketoconazole
antibiotics e.g. clarithromycin, rifampin
medicine to treat HIV infection and AIDS, e.g. ritonavir
St John's wort (a herbal preparation)
grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
These medicines, dietary supplements or alcohol may be affected by OxyNorm liquid,
may affect how well OxyNorm liquid works or may increase side effects. You may need
to use different amounts of your medicines, or take different medicines.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines and dietary supplements
to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.
How to take OxyNorm liquid
How much to take
Your doctor will tell you exactly how much to take.
Follow the instructions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist exactly.
How to take it
Measure the dose accurately with a medicine measure.
Using a medicine measure such as a measuring glass or oral syringe, will ensure that
you get the correct dose. You can buy a medicine measure from your pharmacist. Wipe
the neck of the bottle and the cap after use to assist with re-opening.
OxyNorm liquid can be taken with some water or other fluid.
Food may affect how much medicine you absorb.
Therefore, take OxyNorm liquid either with or without food, but take it the same way
You must only take OxyNorm liquid by mouth.
OxyNorm liquid is only designed to work properly if taken by mouth. Taking this medicine
in a manner other than that prescribed by your doctor can be harmful to your health.
When to take it
Take OxyNorm liquid every 4 to 6 hours or as directed by your doctor.
If you begin to experience pain and you are taking your OxyNorm liquid as prescribed,
contact your doctor as your dosage may have to be reviewed.
How long to take it
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you stop taking this medicine suddenly, your pain may worsen and you may experience
withdrawal symptoms such as:
loss of appetite, nausea, stomach cramps or diarrhoea
fast heart rate
sneezing or runny nose
chills, tremors, shivering or fever
increased sweating and yawning
nervousness or restlessness.
If you forget to take it
If you forget to take OxyNorm liquid, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you have missed.
This will increase the chance of you getting unwanted side effects.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (Australia: telephone
13 11 26, New Zealand: telephone 0800 POISON or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to
Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may
have taken too much OxyNorm liquid.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
You should also follow the above steps if someone other than you has accidently taken
the liquid that was prescribed for you.
Keep telephone numbers for these places handy.
Symptoms of an overdose may include: difficulties in breathing, become drowsy and
tired, lack muscle tone, have cold or clammy skin, have constricted pupils, have very
low blood pressure or slow heart rate, and possibly may even become unconscious or
When seeking medical attention, take this leaflet and any remaining liquid with you
to show the doctor. Also tell them about any other medicines or alcohol which have
While you are taking it
Things you must do
Take OxyNorm liquid exactly as your doctor has prescribed.
Before you start on a new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are
taking OxyNorm liquid.
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist that you are taking
It may affect other medicines used during surgery.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
Keep all of your doctor's appointments so that your progress can be checked.
Tell your doctor if your pain is getting worse. Always discuss any problems or difficulties
you have while you are taking OxyNorm liquid.
Tolerance to oxycodone may develop which means that the effect of the medicine may
decrease. If this happens, your doctor may review your dose so that you get adequate
Keep enough OxyNorm liquid with you to last over weekends and holidays.
Things you must not do
Do not drink alcohol while you are taking this medicine.
Drinking alcohol whilst taking OxyNorm liquid may make you feel more sleepy and increase
the risk of serious side effects, such as shallow breathing with the risk of stopping
breathing and loss of consciousness.
Do not take OxyNorm liquid to treat any other complaint unless your doctor tells you
Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as
Do not stop taking your medicine, exceed the dose recommended or change the dosage
without checking with your doctor.
Over time your body may become used to oxycodone. If you stop taking it suddenly,
your pain may worsen and you may have unwanted side effects such as withdrawal symptoms.
This is called physical dependence.
If you need to stop taking this medicine, your doctor will gradually reduce the amount
you take each day, if possible, before stopping the medicine completely.
Things to be careful of
Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how OxyNorm liquid affects you.
OxyNorm liquid may cause drowsiness, dizziness, hallucinations, disorientation, blurred
vision or other vision problems or may affect alertness. If you are affected, you
should not drive or operate machinery. Discuss these effects with your doctor.
Be careful if you are elderly, unwell or taking other medicines.
Some people may experience side effects such as drowsiness, confusion, dizziness and
unsteadiness, which may increase the risk of a fall.
If you feel light-headed, dizzy or faint when getting out of bed or standing up, get
Standing up slowly will help your body get used to the change in position and blood
pressure. If this problem continues or gets worse, talk to your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you suffer from nausea or vomiting when taking OxyNorm liquid.
If you vomit after your dose, your pain may come back, as you may not have absorbed
your medicine. If this happens, speak to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe
some medicine to help you stop vomiting.
Tell your doctor if taking OxyNorm liquid causes constipation.
Your doctor can advise about your diet, the proper use of laxatives and suitable exercise
you can do to help manage this.
There is potential for abuse of oxycodone and the development of addiction to oxycodone.
It is important that you discuss this issue with your doctor.
All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious but
most of the time they are not. As for other medicines of this type, that is opioid
analgesics, many side effects tend to reduce over time, with the exception of constipation.
This means that the longer you take this medicine, the less it may cause problems
for you. Your doctor has weighed the risks of this medicine against the benefits
they expect it will have for you.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
Not everybody experiences them.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are taking OxyNorm liquid.
This medicine helps most people with moderate to severe pain, but it may have unwanted
side effects in a few people. Other side effects not listed here may also occur in
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
mild abdominal symptoms such as diarrhoea, feeling sick (nausea), decreased appetite
dry mouth, hiccups, sore throat, trouble swallowing or changes in voice
feeling anxious or nervous, trouble sleeping or abnormal dreams
trouble with your balance, vertigo, feeling faint
skin rash, itching
chills or fever
new problems with your eyesight
muscle problems such as spasms, twitching or tremors
swelling of legs or ankles
absence of menstrual periods
decreased sexual drive.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following and they worry
stomach discomfort, vomiting, indigestion or abdominal pain
abnormal thinking, changes in mood or feeling deep sadness
drowsiness, feeling faint, or dizziness especially when standing up
slow or noticeable heartbeats
headache or confusion, hallucinations
unusual weakness or loss of strength or trouble walking
fatigue, feeling of tiredness, drowsiness or lack of energy
changes in passing urine such as the volume passed, pain or feeling the need to urinate
urgently, difficulty passing urine
The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical treatment.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and
Emergency at your nearest hospital:
your breathing slows or weakens
you have an allergic reaction: shortness of breath, wheezing, shallow or difficult
breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body;
rash, itching or hives on the skin
seizures, fits or convulsions
fast or irregular heartbeats
chest pain or chest tightness.
The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention
When seeking medical attention, take this leaflet and any remaining medicine with
you to show the doctor.
After taking it
Keep your OxyNorm liquid in the original container with the lid tightly fastened until
it is time to take it.
If you take the mixture out of the bottle or leave the lid off it may not keep well.
Keep your medicine in a cool, dry place, where the temperature stays below 30°C.
Do not store it or any other medicine in the bathroom, near a sink or on a window
Do not leave it in the car on hot days.
Heat and damp can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place
to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed,
ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required.
What it looks like
OxyNorm® liquid is a clear, colourless to straw-coloured solution available in a 250 mL bottle.
It is available in one strength of 1 mg in 1 mL.
1 mL of OxyNorm® liquid contains 1 mg of oxycodone hydrochloride.
citric acid monohydrate
sodium citrate dihydrate
sodium benzoate (as preservative)
This medicine does not contain lactose, sucrose, gluten or tartrazine.
Manufacturer / Sponsor
OxyNorm® liquid is supplied in Australia by:
Mundipharma Pty Limited
ABN 87 081 322 509
88 Phillip Street
Sydney, NSW, 2000
Phone: 1800 188 009
OxyNorm® liquid is supplied in New Zealand on behalf of Mundipharma New Zealand Limited by:
Pharmaco (NZ) Ltd
PO BOX 4079
Phone: (09) 337-3336
Medical enquiries: 0800 773 310
® OXYNORM is a registered trade mark.
This leaflet was updated in July 2017. Please check with your pharmacist that this
is the latest version of the leaflet available.
The Australian Registration Number for OxyNorm® Liquid is
AUST R 77464