Long-term consumption of caffeine has negative effects for Alzheimer's disease
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  April 10, 2018  
  Neurology / Neuroscience  
  The latest neurology news from News Medical  
 Long-term consumption of caffeine has negative effects for Alzheimer's diseaseLong-term consumption of caffeine has negative effects for Alzheimer's disease
 
A study coordinated by the Institute of Neuroscience of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and in collaboration with the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden provides evidence that a long-term consumption of caffeine has negative effects for Alzheimer's disease, worsening the neuropsychiatric symptoms appearing in the majority of those affected by the disorder. The research was recently published in Frontiers in Pharmacology.
 
 
 Parkinson's patients who show depression symptoms may actually have demoralization, study saysParkinson's patients who show depression symptoms may actually have demoralization, study says
 
People with Parkinson's disease who show signs of depression may actually have a condition called demoralization, according to a study published in the April 4, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. That study found demoralization may be common in Parkinson's disease.
 
   Antiepileptic drug use linked to increased risk of Alzheimer's and dementiaAntiepileptic drug use linked to increased risk of Alzheimer's and dementia
 
The use of antiepileptic drugs is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and dementia, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, DZNE.
 
   ALS and frontotemporal dementia share genetic connectionsALS and frontotemporal dementia share genetic connections
 
Nearly half of all patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neuromuscular disorder, develop cognitive problems that affect memory and thinking.
 
   Stable proteins in the brain offer clues to long-term memory and learning in miceStable proteins in the brain offer clues to long-term memory and learning in mice
 
In the tiny brain space where two nerve cells meet, chemical and electric signals shuttle back and forth, a messaging system that ebbs and flows in those synaptic spaces, sometimes in ways that scientists believe aid and abet learning and memory.
 
 Early life epilepsies should be treated with urgency as childhood cancers
 
Early life epilepsies should be treated with urgency as childhood cancersLike childhood cancers, early life epilepsies represent many rare disorders with diverse underlying causes. Unlike childhood cancers, little has changed in the outcomes of early life epilepsies in the past few decades, despite advances in diagnostic technologies and availability of new treatments.
 
 
 Discordance between brain regions could lead to attention deficit disorders
 
Discordance between brain regions could lead to attention deficit disordersResearchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and colleagues have discovered how two brain regions work together to maintain attention, and how discordance between the regions could lead to attention deficit disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression.
 
 
 New brain cells are added in elderly adult brains too
 
New brain cells are added in elderly adult brains tooScientists have long debated the fact that brains change with age and no new brain cells or neurons are added once an adult is fully grown. With age the number of neurons begins to decline leading to several problems with memory and cognition.
 
 
 Smartphone 'scores' can reliably reflect symptom severity in Parkinson's patients
 
Smartphone 'scores' can reliably reflect symptom severity in Parkinson's patientsParkinson's disease, a progressive brain disorder, is often tough to treat effectively because symptoms, such as tremors and walking difficulties, can vary dramatically over a period of days, or even hours.
 
 
 FDA-approved drug for chemical abortion shows promise for treatment of vestibular schwannoma
 
FDA-approved drug for chemical abortion shows promise for treatment of vestibular schwannomaMassachusetts Eye and Ear researchers have shown that mifepristone, a drug currently FDA-approved for chemical abortion, prevents the growth of vestibular schwannoma cells. This sometimes-lethal intracranial tumor typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus
 
 
 Study reveals differences in the brains of children with fragile X syndrome
 
Study reveals differences in the brains of children with fragile X syndromeFor the first time, UNC School of Medicine researchers have used MRIs to show that babies with the neurodevelopmental condition fragile X syndrome had less-developed white matter compared to infants that did not develop the condition.
 
 
 Novel method enables researchers to see interaction of star-shaped brain cells in real time
 
Novel method enables researchers to see interaction of star-shaped brain cells in real timeAn advance by UCLA neuroscientists could lead to a better understanding of astrocytes, a star-shaped brain cell believed to play a key role in neurological disorders like Lou Gehrig's, Alzheimer's and Huntington's disease.
 
 
 Largest-ever study to examine anatomical alterations in the brains of epilepsy patients
 
Largest-ever study to examine anatomical alterations in the brains of epilepsy patientsAn international research consortium used neuroimaging techniques to analyze the brains of more than 3,800 volunteers in different countries. The largest study of its kind ever conducted set out to investigate anatomical similarities and differences in the brains of individuals with different types of epilepsy and to seek markers that could help with prognosis and treatment.