Genetic analysis can enhance outcomes of depression treatment
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  January 23, 2018  
  Psychiatry  
  The latest psychiatry news from News Medical  
 Genetic analysis can enhance outcomes of depression treatmentGenetic analysis can enhance outcomes of depression treatment
 
The failure of drugs such as SSRIs, used to treat depression, can be a result of genetic variations in patients.
 
 
 Severe peer victimization in childhood may contribute to mental health issues in adolescenceSevere peer victimization in childhood may contribute to mental health issues in adolescence
 
Teens who were severely bullied as children by peers are at higher risk of mental health issues, including suicidal thoughts and behaviors, according to new research in CMAJ
 
   MSU scientists seek to identify brain mechanisms related to psychosisMSU scientists seek to identify brain mechanisms related to psychosis
 
Why do some people who are diagnosed with schizophrenia experience psychosis, a disconnection from reality that can make them believe their actions are being controlled by aliens or the government?
 
   ‘Depression literacy’ program encourages many teens to seek adult help‘Depression literacy’ program encourages many teens to seek adult help
 
In an assessment of their "depression literacy" program, which has already been taught to tens of thousands, Johns Hopkins researchers say the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program achieved its intended effect of encouraging many teenagers to speak up and seek adult help for themselves or a peer.
 
   Computer-based speech analysis has potential to improve prediction of psychosisComputer-based speech analysis has potential to improve prediction of psychosis
 
Computer-based analyses of speech transcripts obtained from interviews with at-risk youths were able to predict which youths would later develop psychosis within two years, with an accuracy of up to 83 percent.
 
 Study finds rise in number of adolescents receiving psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis
 
Study finds rise in number of adolescents receiving psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosisAccording to a national register study comparing Finnish birth cohorts from 1987 and 1997, an increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis.
 
 
 Study identifies new target for treatment of depression
 
Study identifies new target for treatment of depressionAccording to the World Health Organization more than three hundred million people worldwide are affected by major depressive disorder. Unfortunately, the antidepressants commonly used to treat them only work for 50% of the population.
 
 
 Prolonged phone usage linked to depression among youngsters, Study finds
 
Prolonged phone usage linked to depression among youngsters, Study findsNew research conducted at San Diego State University has shown the relationship between adolescent life satisfaction and screen time. The study, published in the journal Emotion, found that Teenagers who are constantly glued to their smartphones are significantly less happy.
 
 
 Evidence suggests two patterns of early symptoms precede and predict later BD risk
 
Evidence suggests two patterns of early symptoms precede and predict later BD riskTwo patterns of antecedent or "prodromal" psychiatric symptoms may help to identify young persons at increased risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD), according to a new analysis in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
 
 
 Study reveals negative long-term effects of heavy cannabis use on brain function and behavior
 
Study reveals negative long-term effects of heavy cannabis use on brain function and behaviorYoung people with cannabis dependence have altered brain function that may be the source of emotional disturbances and increased psychosis risk that are associated with cannabis abuse, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
 
 
 CBT is cost-effective treatment in primary care setting, Kaiser Permanente study finds
 
CBT is cost-effective treatment in primary care setting, Kaiser Permanente study findsCognitive behavioral therapy delivered in a primary care setting is a cost-effective way to treat adolescents with depression who decline or quickly stop using antidepressants, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Pediatrics.
 
 
 Gut-brain axis and psychobiotics
 
Gut-brain axis and psychobioticsThe term ‘psychobiotic’ represents a live organism that, when taken in appropriate amounts, provides certain health benefits for patients with psychiatric illnesses. Studying these novel classes of probiotics may open up the prospect of rearranging gut microbiota to effectively manage different psychiatric disorders.
 
 
 What is Somatization?
 
What is Somatization?Somatization is the expression of psychological or emotional factors as physical (somatic) symptoms. For example, stress can cause some people to develop headaches, chest pain, back pain, nausea or fatigue.
 
 
 Research on Alcohol in Pregnancy
 
Research on Alcohol in PregnancyGlobally, most clinical and government rules advise pregnant women to refrain from drinking alcohol during pregnancy because of possible unfavorable consequences on the pregnancy outcomes. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes pregnant women as a group that needs special care, as they are predominantly at risk of adverse effects of alcohol.
 
 
 Depressive symptoms associated with poorer survival in patients with head and neck cancer
 
Depressive symptoms associated with poorer survival in patients with head and neck cancerIn a study of patients with head and neck cancer, even mild depressive symptoms were associated with poorer overall survival.
 
 
 New brain imaging techniques show how infants' brains process ‘touch’
 
New brain imaging techniques show how infants' brains process ‘touch’Touch is the first of the five senses to develop, yet scientists know far less about the baby's brain response to touch than to, say, the sight of mom's face, or the sound of her voice.
 
 
 Cocaine de-addiction breakthrough shows promise
 
Cocaine de-addiction breakthrough shows promiseResearchers have successfully created a way by which cocaine craving could be reduced. This could help in the de-addiction of thousands of users feel experts. The team of researchers neutralized a protein molecule that is commonly seen among cocaine users in their blood and brain.
 
 
 Neuronal loss is very limited in Alzheimer’s disease, shows new study
 
Neuronal loss is very limited in Alzheimer’s disease, shows new studyFrequently encountered in the elderly, Alzheimer's is considered a neurodegenerative disease, which means that it is accompanied by a significant, progressive loss of neurons and their nerve endings, or synapses.