HIV/AIDS - New strain of HIV discovered and sequenced
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  The latest HIV/AIDS news from News Medical  
 Dormant HIV reservoirs could be killed with RNA switchDormant HIV reservoirs could be killed with RNA switch
 
Researchers from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found cellular triggers within the immune cells that could be controlled in order to kill dormant HIV-1 reservoirs in individuals with HIV-1.This is a breakthrough in understanding of the cellular mechanisms controlling HIV multiplication within the body.
 
   New strain of HIV discovered and sequencedNew strain of HIV discovered and sequenced
 
Researchers have for the first time in twenty years come upon a new strain of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This strain is a part of the Group M type of HIV-1. HIV-1 is the causative agent of worldwide HIV infections.
 
   HIV positive sperm bank launched in New ZealandHIV positive sperm bank launched in New Zealand
 
In pursuit of greater acceptance for HIV positive people, an organization in New Zealand aspires to begin an HIV positive sperm bank called Sperm Positive. It will start by accepting sperms from 3 males who have HIV but are being treated such that their sperm is not capable of transmitting the infection at present. The treatment has reduced viremia (the viral load in the blood) to such a level that it is undetectable by standard methods.
 
 Attacking HIV at the source
 
Attacking HIV at the sourceA new study published on November 26, 2019, in the journal Cell Reports, details a new discovery that may help avert HIV infection right at the start. The virus is known to take a long time to infect a person, and the scientists say they have found a period during which it can be weakened or killed, in the very first hours after it has entered a host. They call this the window of vulnerability.
 
 
 How HIV self-testing affects diagnosis and behaviour in MSM
 
How HIV self-testing affects diagnosis and behaviour in MSMMen who have sex with men (MSMs) are among the most high-risk groups for acquiring and transmitting HIV infection. A new study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicinesays that the rate of detection of new infections is more than doubled when self-testing is available. This could increase access to early treatment and thus interrupt the chain of transmission among MSMs.
 
 
 New HIV infections among gay and bisexual men in the UK fall by 71 percent
 
New HIV infections among gay and bisexual men in the UK fall by 71 percentThe Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a highly contagious infection usually transmitted through body fluids during sexual contact, blood transfusion, during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding through breast milk. Worldwide, there were about 37.9 million people across the globe with HIV in 2018, and approximately 1.7 million people became newly infected across the globe in 2018 alone.
 
 
 TB must also be reduced to achieve the goal of ending AIDS epidemic by 2030
 
TB must also be reduced to achieve the goal of ending AIDS epidemic by 2030The World Health Organization has set a goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. To achieve that goal, the Forum of International Respiratory Societies, of which the American Thoracic Society is a founding member, is calling on governments, health advocates and non-government organizations on World AIDS Day to strengthen their response to AIDS and tuberculosis.