Pregnancy / Maternal Health - Exercise during pregnancy shown to restore metabolic health
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  Pregnancy / Maternal Health  
  The latest pregnancy / maternal health news from News Medical  
 New study reveals exosome-mediated communication between mother and babyNew study reveals exosome-mediated communication between mother and baby
 
During pregnancy, the mother and the baby communicate in a variety of ways. For instance, signals from the fetus are crucially involved in the initiation of labor and delivery. One important means of such signaling is the passage of packages called exosomes, which are very small particles released from every cell. These are only about 30 to 150 nm in diameter, and travel in both directions between mother and fetus. Exosomes contain chemicals which act as signals between maternal and fetal tissues.
 
   Exercise during pregnancy shown to restore metabolic healthExercise during pregnancy shown to restore metabolic health
 
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have discovered how exercising before and during pregnancy, reduces the risk of long-term health issues for both mother and baby. In a study of obese pregnant mice, exercise restored key tissues and improved management of blood glucose, thereby reducing the risk of metabolic problems such as type 2 diabetes.
 
   Early planned delivery reduces impact of preterm pre-eclampsiaEarly planned delivery reduces impact of preterm pre-eclampsia
 
Doctors have long debated over the optimal time to deliver mothers with pre-eclampsia in late pregnancy (after 34 but before 37 completed weeks). This is because too early delivery compromises the baby’s health, while delayed action may endanger the mother’s health.
 
 Claims that cesarean sections increase the risk of autism are “highly unlikely”, say experts
 
Claims that cesarean sections increase the risk of autism are “highly unlikely”, say expertsRecent research into over 20 million births concluded that babies born by Cesarean section are more likely to develop autism. Analysis of 61 studies has also found that babies born by Cesarean are a sixth more likely to develop attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
 
 
 Blood pressure in children affected by early environmental exposures
 
Blood pressure in children affected by early environmental exposuresHypertension or high blood pressure is a major killer worldwide, accounting for much death and disease burden due to cardiovascular disease. Multiple factors influence the risk for this condition, some acting in adulthood but some operating from birth or even earlier.
 
 
 Exposure to pesticides in the womb linked to changes in brain activity in adolescents
 
Exposure to pesticides in the womb linked to changes in brain activity in adolescentsPesticide exposure has been linked to many conditions, especially after long-term exposure. These chemicals can cause short-term adverse effects and in some cases, chronic adverse health effects that can emerge months or even years after exposure.