Surgeries performed later in the day linked to increased risk of complications
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  October 18, 2017  
  Neurology / Neuroscience  
  The latest neurology news from News Medical  
 

Dealing with large tissue scanning data for neuroscience research

Dealing with large tissue scanning data for neuroscience research

Despite many advances in imaging technology and methodologies, neurohistology remains a key tool in neuroscience research. Recent developments in histotechnology capabilities mean it is now possible to image large tissue samples. This is of particular importance in the study of the brain since the connections between cells and different areas of the brain must be evaluated and related to sub-cellular structure... Read more.

 
 Surgeries performed later in the day linked to increased risk of complicationsSurgeries performed later in the day linked to increased risk of complications
 
A new study published in Neurosurgery finds that patients who undergo a neurosurgical procedure with surgical start times between 9 pm and 7 am are at an increased risk of developing complications compared to patients with a surgical start time earlier in the day.
 
 
 Study uncovers how the brain reactivates networks of interrelated memories during sleepStudy uncovers how the brain reactivates networks of interrelated memories during sleep
 
A study led by the University of Barcelona has identified the process in the brain which strengthens or weakens memories of our daily events while we sleep. According to the study published in the scientific journal The Journal of Neuroscience , the brain reactivates networks of interrelated memories during sleep, instead of doing so with isolated memories.
 
   New imaging system offers better way to monitor brain changes from Alzheimer's in mouse modelsNew imaging system offers better way to monitor brain changes from Alzheimer's in mouse models
 
An estimated 5.5 million Americans live with Alzheimer's disease, a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Although treatments can slow the worsening of symptoms, scientists are still working to better understand the neurodegenerative disease so that curative and preventative medicines can be developed.
 
   Researchers use powerful X-ray beams for ‘navigational map view’ of mouse brainResearchers use powerful X-ray beams for ‘navigational map view’ of mouse brain
 
If brain imaging could be compared to Google Earth, neuroscientists would already have a pretty good "satellite view" of the brain, and a great "street view" of neuron details.
 
   Northwestern scientists discover 'wasabi receptor' for pain in flatwormsNorthwestern scientists discover 'wasabi receptor' for pain in flatworms
 
A Northwestern University research team has discovered how scalding heat and tissue injury activate an ancient "pain" receptor in simple animals. The findings could lead to new strategies for analgesic drug design for the treatment of humans.
 
 Allergy medication restores nervous system function in patients with chronic MS
 
Allergy medication restores nervous system function in patients with chronic MSIn a remarkably rapid translation of laboratory research findings into a treatment with the potential to benefit patients, UC San Francisco scientists have successfully completed a Phase II clinical trial showing that an FDA-approved antihistamine restores nervous system function in patients with chronic multiple sclerosis (MS).
 
 
 Researchers find potential approach to prevent peripheral neuropathy
 
Researchers find potential approach to prevent peripheral neuropathyIn discovering how certain chemotherapy drugs cause the nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found a potential approach to preventing this common and troublesome side effect of cancer treatment.
 
 
 Fever in first trimester of pregnancy increases risk for birth defects, study shows
 
Fever in first trimester of pregnancy increases risk for birth defects, study showsFevers in a mother's first trimester of pregnancy increase the baby's risk for some heart defects and facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate, but exactly how this happens is unclear. Scientists have debated whether a virus or other infection causes the defects, or if fever alone is the problem.
 
 
 Researchers find significant increase in risk factors among people with stroke
 
Researchers find significant increase in risk factors among people with strokeDespite prevention efforts, researchers have found a significant increase over a 10-year period in the percentage of people with stroke who have high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and other risk factors for stroke.
 
 
 Scientists identify brain-wave patterns of explicit and implicit learning
 
Scientists identify brain-wave patterns of explicit and implicit learningFiguring out how to pedal a bike and memorizing the rules of chess require two different types of learning, and now for the first time, researchers have been able to distinguish each type of learning by the brain-wave patterns it produces.
 
 
 Researchers find how tDCS could increase performance of associative learning
 
Researchers find how tDCS could increase performance of associative learningHRL Laboratories, LLC, researchers have determined how non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could increase performance of associative learning.
 
 
 MRI brain scans can reveal MS risk in children before clinical symptoms appear
 
MRI brain scans can reveal MS risk in children before clinical symptoms appearBy the time multiple sclerosis (MS) is diagnosed in children, it may be difficult to prevent the disabilities and relapses that come with the disease. In a new Yale School of Medicine study, researchers examined MRI brain scans to identify children at high risk of developing MS before symptoms appear, which may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment.
 
 
 Einstein scientists share $9 million NIH grant for longevity research
 
Einstein scientists share $9 million NIH grant for longevity researchScientists now believe that the Fountain of Youth flows from our genes, or at least from the genes of people who live healthy lives to age 100 or later.
 
 
 Findings reveal how seizures can have lasting detrimental effects on memory
 
Findings reveal how seizures can have lasting detrimental effects on memoryAlthough it's been clear that seizures are linked to memory loss and other cognitive deficits in patients with Alzheimer's disease, how this happens has been puzzling. In a study published in the journal Nature Medicine, a team of researchers reveals a mechanism that can explain how even relatively infrequent seizures can lead to long-lasting cognitive deficits in animal models.
 
 
 CHOP researchers discover key differences among gene fusions in childhood brain tumors
 
CHOP researchers discover key differences among gene fusions in childhood brain tumorsResearchers investigating pediatric low-grade gliomas, the most common type of brain tumor in children, have discovered key biological differences in how mutated genes combine with other genes to drive this childhood cancer.
 
 
 Study sheds new light on why autism is more common in boys
 
Study sheds new light on why autism is more common in boysResearchers aiming to understand why autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are more common in boys have discovered differences in a brain signaling pathway involved in reward learning and motivation that make male mice more vulnerable to an autism-causing genetic glitch.
 
 
 USC study reveals how schizophrenia has biological effect on the entire brain
 
USC study reveals how schizophrenia has biological effect on the entire brainSome 40 years since CT scans first revealed abnormalities in the brains of schizophrenia patients, international scientists say the disorder is a systemic disruption to the brain's entire communication system.
 
 
 Researchers identify strategies to mitigate disturbed axonal transport in ALS patients
 
Researchers identify strategies to mitigate disturbed axonal transport in ALS patientsA team of researchers at VIB and KU Leuven used stem cell technology to generate motor neurons from ALS patients carrying mutations in FUS. They found disturbed axonal transport in these motor neurons, but also identified genetic and pharmacological strategies that mitigate this defect.