Drug that stimulates neuron pruning promotes goal-directed behavior in mice
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  December 6, 2017  
  Neurology / Neuroscience  
  The latest neurology news from News Medical  
 Drug that stimulates neuron pruning promotes goal-directed behavior in miceDrug that stimulates neuron pruning promotes goal-directed behavior in mice
 
A drug that stimulates neuron pruning can nudge mice away from habit-driven behaviors when combined with retraining, neuroscientists have found.
 
 
 Laser techniques could help revolutionize understanding of neurodegenerative diseasesLaser techniques could help revolutionize understanding of neurodegenerative diseases
 
Boulder researchers are embarking on a new project to study the progression of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's by using a new technique to measure neurons firing deep inside animal brains.
 
   Postnova’s AF2000 FFF system used to unlock mystery of neurodegenerative diseasesPostnova’s AF2000 FFF system used to unlock mystery of neurodegenerative diseases
 
Postnova Analytics reports that the Department of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology at the University of Sheffield is using their AF2000 Field Flow Fractionation system to investigate the mechanism of amyloid formation, a protein mis-folding process implicated to be the cause of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases.
 
   Anti-aging protein could be used as target for rejuvenating cells in the immune systemAnti-aging protein could be used as target for rejuvenating cells in the immune system
 
Anti-aging proteins have long been shown to protect against age-related diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and cardiovascular disease. A study by researchers at the Gladstone Institutes now reveals that one such protein could also be targeted to rejuvenate cells in the immune system.
 
   Blood test could provide low-cost alternative to MRI for monitoring disease activity in MSBlood test could provide low-cost alternative to MRI for monitoring disease activity in MS
 
A blood test to monitor a nerve protein in the blood of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may help predict whether disease activity is flaring up, according to a study published in the November 29, 2017, online issue of Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, an official journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
 
 Marriage may reduce the risk of dementia, study says
 
Marriage may reduce the risk of dementia, study saysAn amalgamation of the available evidence published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry suggests that marriage may decrease the risk of developing dementia.
 
 
 New microscope optimized to perform studies using optogenetic techniques
 
New microscope optimized to perform studies using optogenetic techniquesA newly developed microscope is providing scientists with a greatly enhanced tool to study how neurological disorders such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease affect neuron communication.
 
 
 Nerve cell findings provide unique insights into neuromuscular conditions
 
Nerve cell findings provide unique insights into neuromuscular conditionsThe findings relate to a type of cell connection that allows electrical and chemical messages to flow from nerve to muscle cells, enabling motion.
 
 
 Brain-imaging study receives $2.5 million NIH grant to examine cannabis use disorders
 
Brain-imaging study receives $2.5 million NIH grant to examine cannabis use disordersThe National Institutes of Health recently awarded the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas $2.5 million to examine cannabis use disorders.
 
 
 BGU researcher wins 2017 Joy Academic Grant to develop stress management tools
 
BGU researcher wins 2017 Joy Academic Grant to develop stress management toolsA researcher at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev has been awarded a 2017 Joy Academic Grant from Joy Ventures to research and develop an empathy-based emotion-regulation mechanism for stress relief.
 
 
 New immunotherapy study shows positive results in chronic migraine sufferers
 
New immunotherapy study shows positive results in chronic migraine sufferersA new study of fremanezumab, an immunotherapy that counteracts one of the molecules released during migraine, was found successful in reducing the number of days that chronic migraine sufferers experienced headaches.
 
 
 Fish oil component provides long-term preconditioning protection for vision cells
 
Fish oil component provides long-term preconditioning protection for vision cellsA team of LSU Health New Orleans scientists discovered that a component of fish oil not only protects cells critical to vision from potentially lethal initial insults, but also from those that occur in the future.
 
 
 MUSC researchers develop ex vivo model of pressure-induced cellular injury in the brain
 
MUSC researchers develop ex vivo model of pressure-induced cellular injury in the brainHundreds of thousands of patients from newborns to the elderly are forced to grapple with the devastation of brain injury each year, and unlike many diseases where certain demographics are protected, brain injury can happen to anyone, anytime and anywhere.
 
 
 Female Parkinson's disease patients less likely to receive caregiver support than men
 
Female Parkinson's disease patients less likely to receive caregiver support than menFemale Parkinson's disease patients are much less likely than male patients to have caregivers, despite the fact that caregivers report greater strain in caring for male patients.
 
 
 Innovative technique makes low-grade gliomas visible
 
Innovative technique makes low-grade gliomas visibleGliomas are a type of brain tumor characterized by a poor prognosis. In order to improve this prognosis, as much of the tumor as possible must be removed safely during the neurosurgical operation.
 
 
 New treatment aims to target abnormally shaped protein in deadly childhood brain cancer
 
New treatment aims to target abnormally shaped protein in deadly childhood brain cancerChildren with an extremely deadly form of brain cancer might benefit from a new treatment that aims to direct an immune response against an abnormally shaped protein found exclusively on cancer cells, according to a new study led by UC San Francisco researchers.
 
 
 New high-density EEG captures neural activity at higher spatial resolution than ever before
 
New high-density EEG captures neural activity at higher spatial resolution than ever beforeCarnegie Mellon University engineers and cognitive neuroscientists have demonstrated that a new high-density EEG can capture the brain's neural activity at a higher spatial resolution than ever before.
 
 
 Researcher discovers enzyme pathway involved in ALS pathogenesis
 
Researcher discovers enzyme pathway involved in ALS pathogenesisIt is estimated that between 14,000 and 15,000 Americans have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to the National Institutes of Health. Symptoms of ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, may be subtle at first but develop into more obvious muscle weakness and paralysis.
 
 
 Lithium chloride prevents neurological damage tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, mice study shows
 
Lithium chloride prevents neurological damage tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, mice study showsA single dose of lithium chloride, a drug used to treat bipolar disease and aggression, blocks the sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, new experiments in mice show.
 
 
 New small-molecule drug restores brain function, memory in mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
 
New small-molecule drug restores brain function, memory in mouse model of Alzheimer's diseaseAn international team of researchers has shown that a new small-molecule drug can restore brain function and memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
 
 
 Hyperbaric oxygen therapy can improve pathology of Alzheimer's disease, study shows
 
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy can improve pathology of Alzheimer's disease, study showsA new Tel Aviv University study reveals that hyperbaric oxygen treatments may ameliorate symptoms experienced by patients with Alzheimer's disease.
 
 
 The brain remains interconnected during non-REM sleep
 
The brain remains interconnected during non-REM sleepWhen we sleep, our organism goes through different phases of sleep, however the brain remains interconnected during non-REM sleep, which was thought not to happen.
 
 
 Study points to possible targets for therapeutic intervention in the fight against ALS
 
Study points to possible targets for therapeutic intervention in the fight against ALSScientists at the University of Alberta may have found possible targets for therapeutic interventions in the fight against Lou Gehrig's disease.