Researchers investigate genetic mutations in sperm cells to help prevent birth defects
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  August 17, 2017  
  Hematology  
  The latest hematology news from News Medical  
 Researchers investigate genetic mutations in sperm cells to help prevent birth defectsResearchers investigate genetic mutations in sperm cells to help prevent birth defects
 
It's about preventing birth defects. Associate pharmaceutical sciences professor Wenfeng An and his team at South Dakota State University are investigating mobile DNA segments, known as L1s, in sperm cells with the goal to treat families at risk for genetic mutations before they conceive.
 
 
 Vaginal estrogens do not increase cancer, cardiovascular disease risk in post-menopausal womenVaginal estrogens do not increase cancer, cardiovascular disease risk in post-menopausal women
 
Women who have gone through menopause and who have been using a vaginal form of estrogen therapy do not have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer than women who have not been using any type of estrogen.
 
   Study provides new insight into development of immune cellsStudy provides new insight into development of immune cells
 
In contrast to what has been previously believed, development of blood stem cells to mast cells, a type of specialized immune cell, does not depend on a growth factor called stem cell factor.
 
   Xenotransplantation – organ transplants from animals may soon be a realityXenotransplantation – organ transplants from animals may soon be a reality
 
Researchers have been able to create genetically modified piglets that are cleaned of the viruses that could causes diseases in humans. This could open up new avenues in organs transplants from pigs to humans. The process of transplanting organs or tissues from animals to humans is called xenotransplantation. The report was published this Tuesday in the journal Science.
 
   UBC researchers develop method to quickly and sensitively assess malaria progressionUBC researchers develop method to quickly and sensitively assess malaria progression
 
Left untreated, malaria can progress from being mild to severe -- and potentially fatal -- in 24 hours. So researchers at the University of British Columbia developed a method to quickly and sensitively assess the progression of the mosquito-borne infectious disease, which remains a leading killer in low-income countries.
 
 Types of Blood Cancer
 
Types of Blood CancerThe production and function of blood cells are affected by blood cancer. Blood is produced in the bone marrow, where most of these cancers originate. Three types of blood cells that mature and develop from the stem cells of bone marrow are red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
 
 
 Epidural Anesthesia
 
Epidural AnesthesiaThe reversible and controlled induction of loss of motor and sensory function through the injection of local anesthetics into the epidural space is referred to as epidural anesthesia. This mode of anesthesia can be administered via an injector or catheter. The latter allows for the continuous addition of the local anesthetic throughout a surgical procedure and after it, to relieve postoperative pain as well.
 
 
 Researchers boost antimicrobial and anticancer properties of spider peptides
 
Researchers boost antimicrobial and anticancer properties of spider peptidesAs antibiotic resistance rises and fears over superbugs grow, scientists are looking for new treatment options.
 
 
 Researchers create anti-cancer drugs that can effectively kill 58 types of tumors
 
Researchers create anti-cancer drugs that can effectively kill 58 types of tumorsBoise State University researchers have created anti-cancer drugs that are effective at killing 58 of the 60 types of tumors found in the National Cancer Institutes NCI-60 panel of cancer cells, which affect nine organ systems in the human body.
 
 
 Research shows how glutamine plays role in regulating cellular differentiation programs
 
Research shows how glutamine plays role in regulating cellular differentiation programsThe 200 different types of cells in the body all start with the same DNA genome. To differentiate into families of bone cells, muscle cells, blood cells, neurons and the rest, differing gene programs have to be turned on or off.
 
 
 Study reveals strong prognostic indicators of survival in resected pancreatic cancer
 
Study reveals strong prognostic indicators of survival in resected pancreatic cancerA new study of patients who underwent curative surgical removal of a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma showed that two of the nine preoperative factors analyzed were strongly predictive of poor prognosis regardless of the tumor stage.
 
 
 Research highlights need for expert treatment to manage subarachnoid hemorrhages
 
Research highlights need for expert treatment to manage subarachnoid hemorrhagesResearch led by the head of the Barrow Neurological Institute and published in the July 20, 2017 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine reveals that subarachnoid hemorrhages, which are caused by ruptured brain aneurysms, account for 5-10 percent of all strokes and are best managed by experienced and dedicated experts at high-volume centers with neurosurgeons, endovascular surgeons and stroke neurologists.