New guidelines from ACR and SBI call for major changes to breast cancer screening process
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  April 10, 2018  
  Radiology  
  The latest radiology news from News Medical  
 New guidelines from ACR and SBI call for major changes to breast cancer screening processNew guidelines from ACR and SBI call for major changes to breast cancer screening process
 
New American College of Radiology and Society of Breast Imaging breast cancer screening guidelines are the first to recognize that African-American women are at high-risk for the disease and should be screened as such.
 
 
 Exploring Applications of Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic ResonanceExploring Applications of Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
 
Time domain NMR shows high reproducibility without the need for sample preparation and is non-destructive.
 
 
 Non-invasive ESWL procedure can be first line treatment for ureteric stonesNon-invasive ESWL procedure can be first line treatment for ureteric stones
 
A study of 401 cases presents the outcomes with a Dornier Compact Delta lithotripter in treating ureteral stones from a single center in Japan. Treatment with ESWL from a third generation lithotripter is associated with a high stone free rate and small number of treatment sessions. This non-invasive, ESWL procedure can be the first line treatment of all ureteric stones.
 
 
 Cedars-Sinai investigators develop unique technique to improve cardiac careCedars-Sinai investigators develop unique technique to improve cardiac care
 
A team of Cedars-Sinai investigators has developed a new technique for conducting cardiac magnetic resonance imaging tests that improves patient comfort, shortens testing time and has the potential to increase diagnostic accuracy and reliability.
 
   Heart disease risk in breast cancer patients after treatment not higher than average populationHeart disease risk in breast cancer patients after treatment not higher than average population
 
Many breast cancer therapies cause damage to the heart. However, in the largest study of its kind so far, scientists from the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg have now shown that the risk of death from heart disease in breast cancer patients following radiotherapy or chemotherapy is no higher than it is among the average population.
 
   Ionizing radiation can reduce stiffness of tumor cell microenvironmentIonizing radiation can reduce stiffness of tumor cell microenvironment
 
Nearly half of all cancer patients receive radiation therapy to curb the growth of malignant cells. But little is known about how ionizing radiation affects the extracellular matrix (ECM), a patchwork of proteins and other biomolecules that surrounds cells and plays a vital role in their shape, movement and signaling functions.
 
 PET imaging agent may help predict effectiveness of depression treatment
 
PET imaging agent may help predict effectiveness of depression treatmentA positron emission tomography imaging agent could show, ahead of time, whether a specific treatment is likely to be effective for major depressive disorder--a debilitating condition that affects more than 14 million Americans.
 
 
 Breast cancer survival linked to muscle mass finds study
 
Breast cancer survival linked to muscle mass finds studyResearchers have found that women with breast cancer who have a low muscle mass are less likely to survive stage 2 and 3 cancers. The study titled, “Association of Muscle and Adiposity Measured by Computed Tomography with Survival in Patients with Nonmetastatic Breast Cancer,” appears in the latest issue of the journal JAMA Oncology.
 
 
 A tale of two CT scanners — one richer, one poorer
 
A tale of two CT scanners — one richer, one poorerBenjamin Hynden, a financial adviser in Fort Myers, Fla., hadn’t been feeling well for a few weeks last fall. He’d had pain and discomfort in his abdomen.
 
 
 Negative fateful life events appear to accelerate brain aging, study finds
 
Negative fateful life events appear to accelerate brain aging, study findsConflict, a death in the family, financial hardship and serious medical crises are all associated with accelerated physical aging. In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that such negative fateful life events -- or FLEs -- appear to also specifically accelerate aging in the brain.
 
 
 Visceral fat linked to shorter survival for women with kidney cancer
 
Visceral fat linked to shorter survival for women with kidney cancerBelly fat affects the odds of women surviving kidney cancer but not men, according to a new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
 
 
 Largest-ever study to examine anatomical alterations in the brains of epilepsy patients
 
Largest-ever study to examine anatomical alterations in the brains of epilepsy patientsAn international research consortium used neuroimaging techniques to analyze the brains of more than 3,800 volunteers in different countries. The largest study of its kind ever conducted set out to investigate anatomical similarities and differences in the brains of individuals with different types of epilepsy and to seek markers that could help with prognosis and treatment.
 
 
 Milia Causes
 
Milia CausesMilia is a condition characterized by small benign epithelial cysts in the superficial dermis composed of keratinous material. They are usually 1mm to 4 mm in size and have a dome-shaped and whitish appearance. It is thought that milia arise due to plugging of the ducts of pilosebaceous or eccrine sweat glands. They may appear as a primary condition or be secondary to skin trauma, skin inflammations, skin disease or some medications.
 
 
 Avascular Necrosis (Osteonecrosis)
 
Avascular Necrosis (Osteonecrosis)Avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis is the cellular death of bone in some part of the body due to obstruction of its blood supply, usually to the growing end (epiphysis) of the bone.
 
 
 Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
 
Posterior Cruciate Ligament InjuryThe posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is one of the important stabilizing ligaments of the knee joint, connecting the femur to the tibia, and it keeps the tibia from moving back on the femur.
 
 
 Prostate cancer on the rise and detected late in the UK finds report
 
Prostate cancer on the rise and detected late in the UK finds reportAs many as 37 percent of all prostate cancers are detected late or in advanced stages in the UK, finds a new report from the charity Orchid. The report suggests that most of these cancers are detected at stages 3 and 4. Statistics show that nearly 47,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer annually and 11,000 succumb to the disease each year.