MSC transplantation can be safe, effective approach to treat Crohn's disease-related fistula
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  September 18, 2017  
  Gastroenterology‎  
  The latest gastroenterology‎ news from News Medical  
 MSC transplantation can be safe, effective approach to treat Crohn's disease-related fistulaMSC transplantation can be safe, effective approach to treat Crohn's disease-related fistula
 
A growing body of clinical evidence shows that transplantation of a patient's own mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to achieve a cure and prevent recurrent of Crohn's disease-related fistula can be a safe and effective addition to surgery.
 
 
 Study provides new insights into biologic networks involved in IBDStudy provides new insights into biologic networks involved in IBD
 
Scientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Sema4, and collaborating institutions today published results of an in-depth, multi-omics approach to characterizing the immune component of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
 
   UM SOM research identifies four pathogens responsible for majority of diarrheal illnessesUM SOM research identifies four pathogens responsible for majority of diarrheal illnesses
 
Each year, more than half a million deaths among children under five years of age around the world are caused by diarrheal diseases -- largely due to insufficient access to adequate hygiene, sanitation and clean drinking water.
 
   Probiotics may become new preventative or therapeutic strategy for IBD-related colon cancerProbiotics may become new preventative or therapeutic strategy for IBD-related colon cancer
 
In an innovative approach to colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention and treatment, scientists are studying ways to replace missing metabolites in patients prone to gut inflammation and CRC.
 
   Research finds serious visual impairment among children with congenital Zika syndromeResearch finds serious visual impairment among children with congenital Zika syndrome
 
Although one of the most serious consequences of the Zika virus (ZIKV) in infants is microcephaly, there is a broad collection of anomalies now known as congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Some of the most serious are ophthalmologic, including macular scarring, retinal defects, low visual acuity, strabismus, and nystagmus.
 
 New study identifies best operating room infection control procedures
 
New study identifies best operating room infection control proceduresWhile hospitals grapple with what operating room (OR) infection control procedures work best, a new study of Texas hospitals has determined two areas that stand out: mandating sterile operating conditions at or close to the wound itself; and tracking in-hospital outcomes on surgical site infections (SSIs) and sharing that information with surgeons and other OR staff.
 
 
 Studies reveal link between autism and severe maternal infection during pregnancy
 
Studies reveal link between autism and severe maternal infection during pregnancyTwo studies conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the University of Massachusetts Medical School indicated that mothers who were affected with severe infections that required hospitalization are at an increased risk of having an autistic child.
 
 
 UofL gastroenterologist receives NIEHS award to explore effects of environmental chemicals on the liver
 
UofL gastroenterologist receives NIEHS award to explore effects of environmental chemicals on the liverUofL gastroenterologist Matthew Cave, M.D., believes that chemicals we breathe, consume or come in contact with in the environment may be contributing to liver disease in as many as one in four people. He has been awarded $4.01 million over eight years by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, one of the National Institutes of Health, to explore the long-term effects of environmental chemicals on the liver.
 
 
 Penn State investigator receives $7.3 million grant for research on cellular protein
 
Penn State investigator receives $7.3 million grant for research on cellular proteinA faculty member in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences has received a $7.3 million grant for innovative research on a cellular protein that could be a target for enhancing immune function in response to a variety of diseases and environmental toxins.
 
 
 Hamilton BiOS automated storage system selected for use in BIOM-Mass project
 
Hamilton BiOS automated storage system selected for use in BIOM-Mass projectHamilton Storage announces that their Hamilton BiOS automated storage system was selected for use in the Biobank for Microbiome Research in Massachusetts project; a collaborative effort between Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital.
 
 
 Carcinoid Tumor Signs and Symptoms
 
Carcinoid Tumor Signs and SymptomsCarcinoid tumors may sometimes be asymptomatic but may show symptoms in other patients. The signs of the illness are not definite and depend greatly on the location of the tumor. Hormones released into the blood by one out of ten carcinoid tumors are responsible for causing the symptoms of the illness.
 
 
 Diagnosing Carcinoid Tumors
 
Diagnosing Carcinoid TumorsThe early stages of carcinoid syndrome are difficult to diagnose for various reasons. Most symptoms are quite common and wide-ranging. For example, flushing can be a symptom of carcinoid syndrome but it may also be indicative of menopause, an alcoholic reaction, or an aftereffect of the drug, which can make differential diagnosis difficult.
 
 
 Carcinoid Tumours (Neuroendocrine)
 
Carcinoid Tumours (Neuroendocrine)The tumors that originate from the neuroendocrine cells and are derived from the primitive stem cells present in the gut walls are known as carcinoid tumors. Carcinoid tumors have a high potential for metastatic growth in organs such as kidneys, thymus, pancreas, liver, lungs, mediastinum, bronchus, prostate, and ovaries.
 
 
 Barrett's Esophagus with Dysplasia
 
Barrett's Esophagus with DysplasiaBarrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the tissue lining the esophagus – the tube that passes the food from the mouth to the stomach – is replaced by tissue similar to that of the intestinal lining. This occurs chiefly in the cells of the epithelial tissue which lines the lower end of the esophagus.
 
 
 TIPS Procedure (Transjugular Intrahepatic Porto-systemic Shunt)
 
TIPS Procedure (Transjugular Intrahepatic Porto-systemic Shunt)TIPS stands for Transjugular (via jugular vein) Intrahepatic (within the liver) Portosystemic (between a portal vein and a hepatic vein) Shunt (stent that is used to route blood flow within or between different organs). The TIPS procedure is usually carried out on patients suffering from serious liver diseases.
 
 
 Preventing Esophageal Varices
 
Preventing Esophageal VaricesEsophageal varices are the abnormal enlargement of veins at the bottom part of the esophagus (i.e., the part close to the stomach). The esophagus is a narrow, muscular, and elongated tube that joins the pharynx and the stomach. The blood vessels or veins are located just below the lining of the esophagus. The swollen veins can burst and cause detrimental bleeding, sometimes the condition can become fatal.
 
 
 Gastric Varices
 
Gastric VaricesThrough the portal vein, the blood reaches the liver from spleen and intestines. In cirrhosis patients, there could be impairment in the normal blood flow. The small blood vessels in the esophagus or stomach will reroute the blood that comes from intestines around the liver. As a result, some of the blood vessels may become swollen and large.