Immunology - Immune mechanism responsible for adverse inflammatory reactions after stem cell transplant identified
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Aging immune cells increase risk for macular degenerationAutomation of Bacterial Transformation Processes

The process of bacterial transformation involves the introduction of foreign plasmid DNA into a bacterial cell. The transformation of DNA into bacteria cells, for example, Escherichia coli (E. coli), is an important molecular biology and immunology method used for the analysis of bacteria itself as well as for the storage and/or replication of plasmids.

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   Immune mechanism responsible for adverse inflammatory reactions after stem cell transplant identifiedImmune mechanism responsible for adverse inflammatory reactions after stem cell transplant identified
 
In the treatment of leukemia, stem cell transplantation subsequent to chemotherapy and radiation can often engender severe adverse inflammatory reactions - especially in the skin or in the gut, since these so-called barrier organs are more frequently affected.
 
   Reprogramming T cells into highly active 'super immune cells' can improve immunotherapy benefitsReprogramming T cells into highly active 'super immune cells' can improve immunotherapy benefits
 
Immune-system T cells have been reprogrammed into regenerative stem cell-like memory (TSCM) cells that are long-lived, highly active "super immune cells" with strong antitumor activity, according to new research from Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.
 
 Research provides new insight into how the CRISPR immune system evolved
 
Research provides new insight into how the CRISPR immune system evolvedWith new insights into how the genetic tool CRISPR - which allows direct editing of our genes - evolved and adapted, we are now one step closer to understanding the basis of the constant struggle for survival that takes place in nature. The results can be used in future biotechnologies.
 
 
 Study reveals metabolic signaling pathways that influence key immune cells
 
Study reveals metabolic signaling pathways that influence key immune cellsEffector regulatory T cells, also known as eTreg cells, are a specialized subset of white blood cells that maintain the immune system.
 
 
 "Escape mutations" could help SARS-CoV-2 evade immune attack
 
"Escape mutations" could help SARS-CoV-2 evade immune attackResearchers in the United States have identified mutations within severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) – the agent that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – that can reduce antibody binding to the virus, potentially mediating its escape from immune attack.
 
 
 Triple RNA sequencing dissects gene expression of virus and fungi in infection processes
 
Triple RNA sequencing dissects gene expression of virus and fungi in infection processesOrgan and stem cell transplants are proven and frequently used methods in everyday modern clinical practice. However, even when performed regularly in specialized centers, some patients still experience a number of serious complications afterward.