What Can Cause High Blood Pressure?

It is a well-known fact that high blood pressure is a major health problem, and now it is more common and becoming a subject of increasing concern in the UK.

high blood pressure

This is plainly obvious from the following statistics and facts published by Public Health England:

  • High blood pressure is the third biggest risk factor for disability and premature deaths, after smoking, in England.
  • One in four individuals is affected by high blood pressure.
  • At least 50% of all the strokes and cardiac arrests are associated with high blood pressure.
  • High blood pressure is also one of the major risk factors for developing dementia and chronic kidney diseases. In England, more than 5.5 million people have undiagnosed elevated blood pressure and continue to be untreated, thus putting their lives at grave risk.

It has been estimated that high blood pressure will affect more than 1.5 billion people across the world by 2025.

What is High Blood Pressure?

When the pressure of blood continues to be higher than the pressure that is believed to be normal, it leads to high blood pressure; 120/80 mmHg is the optimal blood pressure rate. Readings above this range (for instance, 130–139/80–89) are taken as Stage 1 high blood pressure, while 140 and above/90 and above is considered as Stage 2 high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is said to be serious because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood into the body, and this additionally causes the arteries to harden, thus raising the risk of developing heart failure or stroke. While the actual causes of high blood pressure are yet to be known, there are a number of factors associated with it. Such factors are assumed to have a powerful effect on blood pressure, thus boosting the chances of developing the condition.


It is estimated that about half of all individuals over 65 are estimated to have high blood pressure. This suggests that people are likely to develop high blood pressure as they age.

Family History

Studies have also demonstrated that family history also raises the risk of high blood pressure. Therefore, if high blood pressure runs in the family, then individuals should closely track their blood pressure levels and control them proactively to lower their risk of developing the condition in the future.


It is said that overweight or obese people can develop high blood pressure. This is supported by the fact that as the weight of an individual increases, the body requires more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Therefore, when the quantity of blood circulation through the vessels increases, the pressure on the arterial walls also increases.

A Diet Rich in Sodium and Poor in Potassium

Your diet also has an effect on your blood pressure level. If your diet contains very little potassium but high concentrations of sodium, then it can raise your chance of developing high blood pressure. This is because while potassium helps in balancing the amount of salt in the cells, sodium causes fluid retention in the body. Therefore, if a diet contains little potassium but excess salt, individuals will retain and build up salt in their blood, thus putting them at risk of developing high blood pressure.

Other potential causes include:

  • Stress
  • High intake of alcohol
  • Continuous use of tobacco
  • Less physical activity

To reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure, individuals should track and manage their blood pressure at home themselves. They should think of investing in a high-quality home blood pressure monitoring machine, like A&D’s UA-651BLE Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor equipped with Smart Bluetooth Low Energy Connectivity to monitor their blood pressure on a daily basis. The device is easy to use and provides an accurate and reliable reading. Individuals should also seek appropriate treatment and implement a healthy lifestyle to reduce their chances of developing high blood pressure.

A&D UA-651BLE Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor with Bluetooth® Smart Bluetooth® Low Energy Connectivity

The UA-651BLE is the fourth generation of the series of A&D telehealth blood pressure monitors. It has been specifically developed for home users as part of the “wellness connected™” range of products and free app—A&D Connect.


  • Bluetooth® Version 4.0LE/ Bluetooth® Smart communication
  • Fourth generation blood pressure monitor telehealth range
  • Compatible with UT-201BLE thermometer and UC-352BLE scales
  • Continua™ certified—to guarantee interoperability
  • Second generation IHB Indicator
  • A&D’s Slimfit™ Cuff 22-32 cm
  • Internal 30-memory + average reading
  • WHO Blood Pressure Class Indicator
  • ESH clinical validation

About A&D Instruments

A&D Company, Japan is a world-class producer of advanced measuring, monitoring, controlling and testing instruments. Individuals with varied educational and technical skills use these instruments in a wide range of applications. Yet these products share a number of things in common:

High performance through advanced analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion technology incorporating highly accurate sensors and exceptional quality.

Since its inception in 1977, A&D has built a reputation for high-quality products, which help the user to perform his/her, job more accurately and effectively.

A&D’s products have expanded into a comprehensive line that ranges widely throughout industry, education, medicine, and science.

Our five key business areas are:

  • Scientific & Industrial Weighing & Measuring
  • Professional Medical & Home Healthcare Equipment
  • Measurement
  • Control & Simulation Systems
  • Electron Beam & Digital-to-Analogue Converters

A&D’s core technology of analog and digital conversion enables us to understand and utilize information within the environment. With this competency, we provide tools using precision measurement and controlling technology and assist customers to create added value and contribute to the development of industry and healthy living.

Sponsored Content Policy: News-Medical.net publishes articles and related content that may be derived from sources where we have existing commercial relationships, provided such content adds value to the core editorial ethos of News-Medical.Net which is to educate and inform site visitors interested in medical research, science, medical devices and treatments.

Last updated: Jun 7, 2019 at 5:26 AM


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