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Nicotine normalizes genetically-induced brain impairments linked to schizophrenia

Nicotine normalizes genetically-induced brain impairments linked to schizophrenia

A steady stream of nicotine normalizes genetically-induced impairments in brain activity associated with schizophrenia, according to new research involving the University of Colorado Boulder. [More]
Vagus nerve stimulation may hold potential to reduce drug cravings, study shows

Vagus nerve stimulation may hold potential to reduce drug cravings, study shows

A new preclinical study led by a University of Texas at Dallas researcher shows that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy might have the potential to help people overcome drug addiction by helping them learn new behaviors to replace those associated with seeking drugs. [More]
Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

My group develops approaches to study cell-to-cell signaling in the brain – how the cells of the brain talk to each other. The brain is heterogeneous, probably more so than any other organ in our body, and many of its functions depend on the unique characteristics of these cells. [More]
E-cigarettes attracting youth to use tobacco products, new UC San Francisco study finds

E-cigarettes attracting youth to use tobacco products, new UC San Francisco study finds

E-cigarettes - thought by some to be responsible for a decline in youth cigarette smoking - are actually attracting a new population of adolescents who might not otherwise have smoked tobacco products, according to a new UC San Francisco study. [More]
SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds

SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds

New research has found spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy can be key to reducing or stabilizing the use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain. [More]
EMQ to showcase healthcare and life sciences project at Arab Health

EMQ to showcase healthcare and life sciences project at Arab Health

Edgbaston Medical Quarter (EMQ) will be at Arab Health 2017 for the first time to showcase the healthcare and life sciences revolution taking place in the West Midlands, in the heart of the UK. [More]
Exposure to insecticides that mimic melatonin could put people at higher risk for diabetes

Exposure to insecticides that mimic melatonin could put people at higher risk for diabetes

Synthetic chemicals commonly found in insecticides and garden products bind to the receptors that govern our biological clocks, University at Buffalo researchers have found. [More]
Heavy adolescent drinking alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain

Heavy adolescent drinking alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain

Long-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. [More]
More people with mental illness, substance use disorders have insurance coverage, research suggests

More people with mental illness, substance use disorders have insurance coverage, research suggests

Significantly more people with mental illness and substance use disorders had insurance coverage in 2014 due to the expansion of health insurance under the Affordable Care Act, but many barriers to treatment remain, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests. [More]
Analgesic effects of opioids can be mediated via immune cells

Analgesic effects of opioids can be mediated via immune cells

Opioids are the most powerful painkillers. Researchers at the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have now found that the analgesic effects of opioids are not exclusively mediated by opioid receptors in the brain, but can also be mediated via the activation of receptors in immune cells. [More]
OHSU research suggests avenue for developing non-addictive treatments for chronic pain

OHSU research suggests avenue for developing non-addictive treatments for chronic pain

OHSU research suggests an avenue for developing treatments for chronic pain that harness the medicinal properties of cannabis while minimizing the threat of addiction. [More]
Frequent online social interactions may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in teenagers

Frequent online social interactions may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in teenagers

Teenagers who play video games for more than four hours a day suffer from symptoms of depression, but frequent use of social media and instant messaging may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in these teens, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. [More]
Reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse coronary atherosclerosis

Reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse coronary atherosclerosis

People who use cocaine regularly are at high risk of coronary artery disease. A study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine, reports that stopping or reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse the process of coronary atherosclerosis. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
Hormonal fluctuations make women more sensitive to addictive properties of cocaine, study reveals

Hormonal fluctuations make women more sensitive to addictive properties of cocaine, study reveals

Hormonal fluctuations women undergo make them particularly sensitive, compared to men, to the addictive properties of cocaine, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published January 10 in the journal Nature Communications. [More]
Risky opioid prescribing rates drop after new VA initiative, study finds

Risky opioid prescribing rates drop after new VA initiative, study finds

Fewer veterans received prescriptions for risky dosages of opioid painkillers after a national initiative took aim at reducing high doses and potentially dangerous drug combinations, a new study finds. [More]
Study reveals how migration increases person's risk of developing schizophrenia

Study reveals how migration increases person's risk of developing schizophrenia

A new study could explain how migrating to another country increases a person's risk of developing schizophrenia, by altering brain chemistry. [More]
New review finds link between exposure to alcohol marketing and youth drinking behavior

New review finds link between exposure to alcohol marketing and youth drinking behavior

A new analysis of 12 long-term studies published since 2008 from across the globe finds that young people under the legal drinking age who are more exposed to alcohol marketing appear more likely to start drinking early and also to engage in binge drinking. [More]
Cocaine addicts make riskier decisions than healthy people after losing potential reward

Cocaine addicts make riskier decisions than healthy people after losing potential reward

People addicted to cocaine make riskier decisions than healthy people after losing a potential reward, according to a study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. [More]
New model could help internet addicts realize problem and reduce usage

New model could help internet addicts realize problem and reduce usage

Research has shown that internet addicts do not always feel guilty about their usage, and in many cases, they do not even perceive their usage as problematic. [More]
Study identifies factors linked to disengagement from treatment for opioid use disorder

Study identifies factors linked to disengagement from treatment for opioid use disorder

Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study published online in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. [More]
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