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New study finds opioid dependence affects perception of cute images of babies

New study finds opioid dependence affects perception of cute images of babies

A new pilot study has found that opioid dependence - which includes dependence on drugs such as heroin - affects how 'cute' we perceive images of children to be. [More]
U-M study finds increase in health insurance coverage for justice-involved individuals

U-M study finds increase in health insurance coverage for justice-involved individuals

Every year, millions of people in prison or jail struggle with mental health issues and substance use disorders. And after they get out, those issues can increase their chances of another arrest if they don't receive treatment. [More]
Short talk with knowledgeable nurse could help smokers quit cigarettes

Short talk with knowledgeable nurse could help smokers quit cigarettes

A short talk with a knowledgeable nurse could be the difference between a smoker stopping for cigarettes or stopping for nicotine gum on her way home from the hospital. [More]
Bloomberg Philanthropies to donate $300 million to create Bloomberg American Health Initiative

Bloomberg Philanthropies to donate $300 million to create Bloomberg American Health Initiative

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health today announced that Bloomberg Philanthropies, founded by businessman, philanthropist, World Health Organization Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases, and three-term mayor of New York City Michael R. Bloomberg, will give $300 million to create the Bloomberg American Health Initiative. [More]
Belief about nicotine in cigarette may influence brain signals linked to cravings

Belief about nicotine in cigarette may influence brain signals linked to cravings

Craving relief may depend more on the belief of satisfaction than actual relief, according to scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. [More]
New review concludes effects of electronic cigarettes remain unchanged

New review concludes effects of electronic cigarettes remain unchanged

An updated Cochrane Review published today provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking. [More]
Delirium in advanced cancer patients: an interview with Dr Knox Todd

Delirium in advanced cancer patients: an interview with Dr Knox Todd

Delirium is a terribly distressing syndrome of acute confusion. We often see it in the emergency department in older patients and in those with multiple medical problems. They may be acting strangely at home and concerned loved ones bring them to the emergency department. [More]
TSRI researchers find way to switch off urge for compulsive drinking in rat models

TSRI researchers find way to switch off urge for compulsive drinking in rat models

There may be a way to switch off the urge for compulsive drinking, according to a new study in animal models led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute. [More]
Hospitalizations for injection drug use-related infective endocarditis increasing among young Americans

Hospitalizations for injection drug use-related infective endocarditis increasing among young Americans

Hospitalizations for infective endocarditis, a heart valve infection often attributed to injection drug use, have increased significantly among young adult Americans--particularly in whites and females--according to a new study by researchers from Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine. [More]
WSU pharmacologists find hyperbaric oxygen therapy can alleviate opiate withdrawal symptoms

WSU pharmacologists find hyperbaric oxygen therapy can alleviate opiate withdrawal symptoms

Washington State University researchers have found that treatments of pure oxygen in a high-pressure chamber can relieve the symptoms of opiate withdrawal. [More]
Researchers identify promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction

Researchers identify promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction

A team of researchers led by Cardiff University has discovered a promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction. [More]
Alcohol cravings may be initiated in right ventral striatum of the brain

Alcohol cravings may be initiated in right ventral striatum of the brain

If you really want a drink right now, the source of your craving may be a pea-sized structure deep inside the right side of your brain, according to scientists at the Indiana University School of Medicine. [More]
Physicians vary greatly in their responses to patients about e-cigarettes, study reveals

Physicians vary greatly in their responses to patients about e-cigarettes, study reveals

If you ask two different doctors about e-cigarettes, you might get two different answers. [More]
Waiting impulsivity may help spot offspring of alcoholics at risk for developing alcohol addiction

Waiting impulsivity may help spot offspring of alcoholics at risk for developing alcohol addiction

Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. [More]
UNC researchers map anxiety circuit in the brain that may explain side effects of antidepressants

UNC researchers map anxiety circuit in the brain that may explain side effects of antidepressants

More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Prozac and Zoloft, to treat depression, anxiety and related conditions, but these drugs have a common and mysterious side effect: they can worsen anxiety in the first few weeks of use, which leads many patients to stop treatment. [More]
Researchers to investigate how physical activity could help individuals with alcohol, substance use disorders

Researchers to investigate how physical activity could help individuals with alcohol, substance use disorders

Once the research team has findings, it will share them with health and social service providers, funders, service users and others to gain their views on what the best methods are and to whom they should be offered. [More]
New research discovers how opposite-sex hormonal therapy influences the brain

New research discovers how opposite-sex hormonal therapy influences the brain

Women and men often show marked differences as regards mental illnesses. In order to learn more about this phenomenon, a project supported by the Austrian Science Fund FWF explored how opposite-sex hormonal therapy applied to transgender individuals influences the brain. [More]
DNA methylation changes that alter excitability may be involved in neuropsychiatric diseases

DNA methylation changes that alter excitability may be involved in neuropsychiatric diseases

Diseases such as epilepsy, neuropathic pain, anxiety, depression, drug addiction and Alzheimer's are all associated with changes in the excitability of brain neurons. [More]
New drug target could help prevent opioid tolerance and addiction

New drug target could help prevent opioid tolerance and addiction

Researchers have identified a brain mechanism that could be a drug target to help prevent tolerance and addiction to opioid pain medication, such as morphine, according to a study by Georgia State University and Emory University. [More]
New study aims to find how genes that influence brain function cause risk for drug addiction

New study aims to find how genes that influence brain function cause risk for drug addiction

A new study aims to better understand what makes some individuals particularly vulnerable to developing drug addiction. A team of researchers from across the country will look at how genes that influence brain function cause risk for addictions. [More]
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