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News Medical's "MediKnowledge" series is a selection of articles written by experts who have been invited as recognized leaders in their fields to offer opinion within the confines of his or her area of medical expertise.

  • Safety, Not “Sharing,” Must Guide Visitor Policies for Cesarean Surgery

    Safety, Not “Sharing,” Must Guide Visitor Policies for Cesarean Surgery

    Giving birth is one of life’s most exciting events – one that many women want to experience with family members and capture on video. But the desire to share the delivery with others has resulted, in some cases, in a crowded delivery room of supportive (and occasionally fainting) observers. [More]
  • Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)

    Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)

    Bedwetting, also known as nocturnal enuresis, is an uncontrollable leakage of urine from the bladder while asleep. For children aged five years and older, bedwetting is abnormal and should not be considered a trivial condition. [More]
  • Does cigarette smoking damage the skin?

    Does cigarette smoking damage the skin?

    Smoking damages nearly every organ in the body. Whilst most people are familiar of its association with lung cancer, stroke and heart disease, it also has profound effects on the body’s largest organ – skin. [More]
  • How safe are ‘black henna’ tattoos?

    How safe are ‘black henna’ tattoos?

    While on holiday, many people opt to have a ‘fun’ temporary henna tattoo applied when they’re on the beach, by the pool or when at a festival. These are often advertised as ‘black henna’ temporary tattoos (BHTT), but there is no such thing as ‘black henna’: true henna extract is orange-red in colour. [More]
  • Nitrous Oxide for Labor:  Choose Wisely

    Nitrous Oxide for Labor: Choose Wisely

    Nitrous oxide has been used for over 100 years to manage pain during medical procedures. In numerous countries in Europe as well as Australia and New Zealand, it is common to use nitrous oxide as an option in laboring women, in order to help them cope with pain. But although nitrous oxide was once available for labor in the United States, its popularity diminished in the 1970s with the advent of the epidural. [More]
  • Occupational Therapy: Your Life by Design

    Occupational Therapy: Your Life by Design

    The role of an occupational therapist is often not fully understood, or is confused with the role of a physical therapist. What’s the differentiator? Cue the “your life by design” approach. [More]
  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    Dementia with Lewy bodies is now widely recognised as the second most common type of degenerative dementia after Alzheimer disease. [More]
  • Endometriosis: Delayed Diagnosis Impacts Disease Management and Patient Well-Being

    Endometriosis: Delayed Diagnosis Impacts Disease Management and Patient Well-Being

    Endometriosis is a common yet poorly understood illness that affects women of reproductive age and is often under and misdiagnosed. It is believed that endometrial cells that normally line the uterus grow outside the uterus, attaching to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, and on the lining of the pelvic cavity. [More]
  • Idiopathic Anaphylaxis

    Idiopathic Anaphylaxis

    Anaphylaxis is the most extreme form of severe allergic reactions which can be life threatening and requires emergency medical treatment. It can affect anyone of any age, sex, race and stature. [More]
  • Art as Therapy

    Art as Therapy

    The most common misconception held about art therapy, is that it involves the therapist interpreting the artwork, and deciphering and unravelling the meanings hidden within; on the contrary, it is the creator of the image, not the therapist, who has this pleasure. The role of the therapist is primarily an insightfully enabling one. [More]
  • The Quest for an Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment: Why Progesterone Could Be On Track To Become the First FDA-Approved Therapy

    The Quest for an Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment: Why Progesterone Could Be On Track To Become the First FDA-Approved Therapy

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States, contributing to as many as a third of injury-related deaths. When a patient presents to the emergency department with a TBI in isolation or as part of multi-system injury, he or she is stabilized, evaluated and a treatment plan is determined. [More]
  • Global travel and antibiotic resistance

    Global travel and antibiotic resistance

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has called antibiotic resistance one of the biggest threats to human health today - and international travel is contributing to the problem.
    [More]
  • Congenital heart disease and exercise

    Congenital heart disease and exercise

    The number of adult patients with congenital heart disease is growing worldwide. Advances in medical treatment, percutaneous interventions, and surgery offer the vast majority of these patients a good life expectancy. However, life long follow-up is needed, especially for patients with residual lesions or sequels of previous interventions. [More]
  • Management of Myeloma

    Management of Myeloma

    Our increased understanding of myeloma biology has resulted in significantly improved patient outcomes although, until recently, the major gains have been achieved in patient’s aged < 70 years. [More]
  • Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

    Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

    The human intestine contains at least 10^14 bacteria, with hundreds to thousands of different species, which exist in harmony with their host. The role of this intestinal flora, or microbiota, in maintaining the health of an individual is increasingly being appreciated. [More]
  • Migraine research

    Migraine research

    Migraine is a common and disabling neurological condition. Migraine is currently estimated to affect more than 860 million people worldwide. Migraine has recently been rated by the Global Burden of Disease Study from the World Health Organization as the third most common and eighth most burdensome disease on the planet, and it alone is responsible for 3 % of disability attributable to a specific disease worldwide. [More]
  • What is Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease?

    What is Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease?

    Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease or CJD, (Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt, 1885 - 1964, German psychiatrist and Alfons Maria Jakob, 1884 - 1931, German psychiatrist) (also called subacute spongiform encephalopathy), is a rare, well characterized clinicopathological entity defined by a rapidly progressing dementia associated with pathognomonic vacuolation in the cortex giving a microscopic appearance of spongiform change. Both humans and animals may be affected. [More]
  • New hope for adults with amblyopia (lazy eye)

    New hope for adults with amblyopia (lazy eye)

    Amblyopia is a visual developmental disorder in which the vision through one eye fails to develop properly in early childhood. The deficit is not in the eye itself but in the visual areas of the brain. [More]
  • Understanding Sickle Cell Disease

    Understanding Sickle Cell Disease

    World Sickle Cell Day is June 19 and was created by the United Nations in 2006 to raise global awareness for sickle cell disease as a public health problem. Sickle cell disease is an extremely debilitating medical condition. [More]
  • Detecting breast cancer in dense breasts

    Detecting breast cancer in dense breasts

    This article is about the problem of detecting tumors in dense breasts, and how many states are tackling the problem by requiring doctors to tell women that mammograms don’t work well for those who have dense breasts. I will also discuss effective solutions to this problem. [More]
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