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Researchers engineer protein-shelled nanostructures useful for ultrasound imaging

Researchers engineer protein-shelled nanostructures useful for ultrasound imaging

Ultrasound imaging is used around the world to help visualize developing babies and diagnose diseases. Sound waves bounce off the tissues, revealing their different densities and shapes. [More]
UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UC San Francisco researchers studying beige fat — a calorie-burning tissue that can help to ward off obesity and diabetes — have discovered a new strategy to cultivate this beneficial blubber. [More]
UNC researchers map anxiety circuit in the brain that may explain side effects of antidepressants

UNC researchers map anxiety circuit in the brain that may explain side effects of antidepressants

More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Prozac and Zoloft, to treat depression, anxiety and related conditions, but these drugs have a common and mysterious side effect: they can worsen anxiety in the first few weeks of use, which leads many patients to stop treatment. [More]
Advances in brain research since patient HM: an interview with Dr Jacopo Annese

Advances in brain research since patient HM: an interview with Dr Jacopo Annese

Jacopo Annese, President and CEO of the Institute for Brain and Society, a non-profit organization dedicated to democratizing neuroscience and making neuroscience tools and knowledge about the brain more available to the public, discusses his work on the Human Brain Library. [More]
Three like-minded nonprofits collaborate to launch immunotherapy clinical trial for pediatric brain tumors

Three like-minded nonprofits collaborate to launch immunotherapy clinical trial for pediatric brain tumors

A Kids' Brain Tumor Cure Foundation, Solving Kids' Cancer and the Ty Louis Campbell Foundation announce their joint financial support of a Phase 1 clinical trial to test the safety and efficacy of combination checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of children with brain tumors. [More]
Researcher aims to shed new light on inner workings of the retina

Researcher aims to shed new light on inner workings of the retina

One of the more studied parts of the human anatomy, the retina -- the neural layer at the back of the eye that senses light -- still has secrets to reveal. [More]
UA experts offer advice on choosing right pair of sunglasses

UA experts offer advice on choosing right pair of sunglasses

Experts from the University of Alicante have found that prolonged exposure to the sun increases the chance of developing alterations in the lens by 4%. Choosing the right pair of sunglasses can reduce such complications. [More]
Scientists modeling new control mechanism to combat Zika-infecting mosquitoes

Scientists modeling new control mechanism to combat Zika-infecting mosquitoes

The images are heartbreaking: thousands of infants born with small, misshapen heads, the result of a rare neurological disorder, called microcephaly, which can cause a myriad of intellectual and developmental disabilities. The culprit? Zika, a mosquito-borne virus that has swept through many parts of South America and more recently surfaced in Florida. [More]
New reconstruction technique restores bone loss in the jaw of pigs

New reconstruction technique restores bone loss in the jaw of pigs

Researchers have engineered living bone tissue to repair bone loss in the jaw, a structure that is typically difficult to restore. [More]
Inosine treatment can help restore motor control after cortical injury

Inosine treatment can help restore motor control after cortical injury

Brain tissue can die as the result of stroke, traumatic brain injury, or neurodegenerative disease. When the affected area includes the motor cortex, impairment of the fine motor control of the hand can result. [More]
Researchers use personalized simulations of the brain to uncover nature of internal processes

Researchers use personalized simulations of the brain to uncover nature of internal processes

The brain is an adaptable and highly complex system. However, much remains to be known about the way in which individual components of the brain interact in order to produce cognitive performance. [More]
Scientists uncover novel sites of expression in the brain for gene linked to ALS and FTD

Scientists uncover novel sites of expression in the brain for gene linked to ALS and FTD

For the first time novel expression sites in the brain have been identified for a gene which is associated with Motor Neuron Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia. [More]
Meat protein in modern diet makes significant contribution to obesity

Meat protein in modern diet makes significant contribution to obesity

Should we be warning consumers about over-consumption of meat as well as sugar? That's the question being raised by a team of researchers from the University of Adelaide, who say meat in the modern diet offers surplus energy, and is contributing to the prevalence of global obesity. [More]
Researchers develop new approach for visualizing oxygen in tissue

Researchers develop new approach for visualizing oxygen in tissue

Learning how to look inside a body without having to cut it open is still an important part of medical research. One of the great challenges in imaging remains the visualization of oxygen in tissue. [More]

DePuy Synthes Trauma launches new system to treat hand fractures and correct deformities

Today DePuy Synthes Trauma announced the launch of the Variable Angle Locking Hand System, a comprehensive and versatile system of anatomically contoured and low-profile plates to treat hand fractures and correct deformities. The system features the company’s proprietary Variable Angle Locking technology. [More]
Breakthrough research shows cellular stress could be key to variety of birth defects

Breakthrough research shows cellular stress could be key to variety of birth defects

For the first time, scientists believe they've discovered a cause of multiple types of birth defects triggered by environmental stresses. [More]
Biologists develop new method for analyzing brain regions

Biologists develop new method for analyzing brain regions

Using the example of the fruit fly, a team of biologists led by Prof. Dr. Andrew Straw has identified patterns in the genetic activity of brain cells and taken them as a basis for drawing conclusions about the structure of the brain. [More]
Study shows parvalbumin-interneurons in the amygdala influence fear memory encoding

Study shows parvalbumin-interneurons in the amygdala influence fear memory encoding

Fear memory encoding, the process responsible for persistent reactions to trauma-associated cues, is influenced by a sparse but potent population of inhibitory cells called parvalbumin-interneurons (PV-INs) in the amygdala, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published online July 14 in the journal Neuron. [More]
Study finds link between AF and reduced frontal lobe brain volumes

Study finds link between AF and reduced frontal lobe brain volumes

According to a recent Framingham Heart Study, people who experience the heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF), may also suffer from a smaller brain, specifically reduced frontal lobe volume. [More]
Sex-related difference could have impact on treatment of metabolic diseases

Sex-related difference could have impact on treatment of metabolic diseases

In health research, most preliminary studies in animals only examine effects of drug treatment in one sex, assuming that males and females will have few differences in how a drug works. [More]
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