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Antioxidants are substances that protect cells from the damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules made by the process of oxidation during normal metabolism). Free radicals may play a part in cancer, heart disease, stroke, and other diseases of aging. Antioxidants include beta-carotene, lycopene, vitamins A, C, and E, and other natural and manufactured substances.
AUDs and smoking may disproportionately increase upper airways' oxidative stress

AUDs and smoking may disproportionately increase upper airways' oxidative stress

Cells in the lung are constantly exposed to oxygen and intermittently exposed to other environmental factors, resulting in a susceptibility to oxidative injury. Both alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and cigarette smoking heighten pulmonary oxidative stress, likely due to antioxidant depletion. [More]
Stealth insulin-producing pig cells may offer solution for treating Type 1 diabetes in humans

Stealth insulin-producing pig cells may offer solution for treating Type 1 diabetes in humans

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are exploring ways to wrap pig tissue with a protective coating to ultimately fight diabetes in humans. The nano-thin bilayers of protective material are meant to deter or prevent immune rejection. [More]
Essential oils could treat inflammation of lung and liver induced by air pollution

Essential oils could treat inflammation of lung and liver induced by air pollution

Certain ingredients in essential oils made from plants such as cloves, anise, fennel and ylang-ylang could serve as a natural treatment of lung and liver conditions caused by air pollution. [More]
Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Food provides us with a variety of substances we need to maintain life. These substances are essential nutrients and are classified as macronutrients (water, protein, fats, and carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). [More]
Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Within our bodies, high levels of reactive forms of oxygen can damage proteins and contribute to diabetic complications and many other diseases. [More]
Novel material heals diabetic wounds faster than standard bandage

Novel material heals diabetic wounds faster than standard bandage

At some point in their lives, 15 percent of people with diabetes will develop a painful and hard-to-treat foot ulcer. [More]
Antioxidant compound could be effective to combat immune rejection after islet transplantation

Antioxidant compound could be effective to combat immune rejection after islet transplantation

A team of researchers has found that doses of bilirubin help provide suppression of the immune response following islet transplantation in mouse models. [More]
Manganese-based antioxidant complex of Deinococcus protects mice from gamma radiation

Manganese-based antioxidant complex of Deinococcus protects mice from gamma radiation

They call it "Conan the Bacterium," and now it may be used to help save lives in the event of a nuclear disaster or terrorist attack. [More]
Review highlights role of N-acetylcysteine in clinical management of COPD

Review highlights role of N-acetylcysteine in clinical management of COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of death of United States and is associated with a significant number of hospital admissions per year among patients. [More]
UAdeC scientists develop jelly-based shell granada to help lower blood sugar levels

UAdeC scientists develop jelly-based shell granada to help lower blood sugar levels

The development reduces the excess blood glucose and cheap to produce and easy. To innovate in natural treatments easy access to the Mexican population to combat diabetes, scientists from the Autonomous University of Coahuila developed a jelly-based shell Granada that meets as a functional food to lower blood sugar levels, it say, excess blood sugar. [More]
New review examines potential of antioxidant therapies to combat neurodegenerative disorders

New review examines potential of antioxidant therapies to combat neurodegenerative disorders

A new review examines the potential of antioxidant approaches for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and multiple sclerosis. [More]
Few people aware of health benefits of mushrooms, reveals national survey

Few people aware of health benefits of mushrooms, reveals national survey

Relatively few people are aware of the health benefits of mushrooms, according to a new national survey by University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers. [More]
Researchers discover pathway linking oxidative stress and cysteine in Huntington's disease

Researchers discover pathway linking oxidative stress and cysteine in Huntington's disease

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified a biochemical pathway linking oxidative stress and the amino acid cysteine in Huntington's disease. [More]
Scientists clarify mechanism of defective immune defense in G6PD patients

Scientists clarify mechanism of defective immune defense in G6PD patients

Favism is a common hereditary disease, affecting around 400 million people worldwide. It is caused by a lack of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). [More]
Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

If Dr. Kalipada Pahan's research pans out, the standard advice for failing students might one day be: Study harder and eat your cinnamon! [More]
Scientific review cautions against unnecessary use of antioxidant supplements

Scientific review cautions against unnecessary use of antioxidant supplements

The lay press and thousands of nutritional products warn of oxygen radicals or oxidative stress and suggest taking so-called antioxidants to prevent or cure disease. [More]
Review highlights beneficial health effects of cranberries

Review highlights beneficial health effects of cranberries

While decades of cranberry research has found that regular consumption of cranberry products promotes urinary tract health, leading scientists studying the bioactive components of fruits and other foods reported that cranberries possess whole body health benefits. [More]
Single dose of new molecule could protect the brain from cognitive impairments after mTBI

Single dose of new molecule could protect the brain from cognitive impairments after mTBI

A new molecule could protect the brain from cognitive impairments after a mild traumatic brain injury, according to Hebrew University of Jerusalem scientists. [More]
Itaconate can suppress pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages

Itaconate can suppress pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages

An international group of scientists from US, Canada, Germany and Russia has revealed a substance produced in humans that can suppress the pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages - specific cells of immune system. [More]
Novel combination therapy may help provide clinically successful treatment for AD

Novel combination therapy may help provide clinically successful treatment for AD

Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytochemical produced in several plants, especially grapes skin and seeds. One epidemiological study reported a positive association between moderate red wine consumption and a low incidence of cardiovascular disease, known as the "French Paradox." [More]
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