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A biomarker is a biological molecule found in blood, other body fluids, or tissues that is a sign of a normal or abnormal process, or of a condition or disease. A biomarker may be used to see how well the body responds to a treatment for a disease or condition. Also called molecular marker and signature molecule.
Columbia University researchers analyze results of Oregon Health Experiment

Columbia University researchers analyze results of Oregon Health Experiment

Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health analyzed the results of the Oregon Health Experiment, where eligible uninsured individuals were randomly assigned Medicaid or to stay with their current care. Considered controversial because the experiment found no measurable gains for physical health it did reveal benefits for mental health, financial wellbeing, and preventive screening. [More]
Mitochondrial DNA may predict overall risk of frailty, death

Mitochondrial DNA may predict overall risk of frailty, death

New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) found in peoples’ blood directly relates to how frail they are medically. This DNA may prove to be a useful predictor of overall risk of frailty and death from any cause 10 to 15 years before symptoms appear. [More]
Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics announces availability of NEPHROCHECK Test System for AKI patients

Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics announces availability of NEPHROCHECK Test System for AKI patients

Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Inc. today announced the nationwide availability to hospitals of the NEPHROCHECK Test System designed to help healthcare providers identify patients at risk of developing moderate or severe acute kidney injury (AKI) within 12 hours of patient assessment. [More]
Genomic Health reports positive results from Oncotype DX clinical study in women with DCIS

Genomic Health reports positive results from Oncotype DX clinical study in women with DCIS

Genomic Health, Inc. today announced positive results from the second large clinical validation study of Oncotype DX in patients with a pre-invasive form of breast cancer known as DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ). [More]
UR researchers on track to solve mystery of weight gain

UR researchers on track to solve mystery of weight gain

University of Rochester researchers believe they're on track to solve the mystery of weight gain - and it has nothing to do with indulging in holiday eggnog. [More]
OPTIMISE project to collect data that provides in-depth picture of MS experiences

OPTIMISE project to collect data that provides in-depth picture of MS experiences

Researchers will track the lives of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in unprecedented detail in a project to improve the evaluation of treatments. [More]
Andor's Komet software used to automatically score modified 3D 'Comet' assay results

Andor's Komet software used to automatically score modified 3D 'Comet' assay results

With cancer rates rising worldwide, and Cancer Research UK predicting that the lifetime risk of cancer will reach 50% by 2027, the need for early diagnosis is overwhelming. Now, a British research group has published details of a simple empirical test to detect any early-stage cancer, relying on Andor's Komet software to automatically score the modified 3D 'Comet' assay results. [More]
New study reveals how COX-2 inhibitors can increase risk of heart attack in arthritis patients

New study reveals how COX-2 inhibitors can increase risk of heart attack in arthritis patients

A class of drug for treating arthritis - all but shelved over fears about side effects - may be given a new lease of life, following the discovery of a possible way to identify which patients should avoid using it. [More]
UTHealth opens Trauma and Grief Center for Youth

UTHealth opens Trauma and Grief Center for Youth

Children who are having difficulty processing trauma or loss can now turn to the Trauma and Grief Center for Youth at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. [More]
Simple blood test could help to detect breast cancer early

Simple blood test could help to detect breast cancer early

It may be possible to develop a simple blood test that, by detecting changes in the zinc in our bodies, could help to diagnose breast cancer early. [More]
BAZ2A protein directly influences the aggressiveness of prostate cancer

BAZ2A protein directly influences the aggressiveness of prostate cancer

A protein that influences the epigenetic characteristics of tumor cells is directly linked to the grade of malignancy of prostate cancer. This key discovery has been made by a team of scientists from the German Cancer Research Center, the University of Zurich, Hamburg-Eppendorf University Hospital, Heidelberg University, and other institutes in a study of 7,700 samples of tumor tissue. [More]
Novel treatments show promising results in patients with different hematologic disorders

Novel treatments show promising results in patients with different hematologic disorders

In recent years, a number of scientific breakthroughs have led to the development of drugs that unleash the power of the immune system to recognize and attack cancer. Studies presented today at the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology highlight the enormous potential these novel treatments have for patients with a variety of hematologic disorders. [More]
Novel treatments show safe responses in patients with relapsed, treatment-resistant blood cancers

Novel treatments show safe responses in patients with relapsed, treatment-resistant blood cancers

Novel treatments that harness the body's own immune cells to attack cancer cells demonstrate safe and durable responses in patients with relapsed and treatment-resistant blood cancers, according to data presented today at the 56th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and Exposition. [More]
Two medical imaging techniques could predict effectiveness of TB drugs

Two medical imaging techniques could predict effectiveness of TB drugs

Two medical imaging techniques, called positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT), could be used in combination as a biomarker to predict the effectiveness of antibiotic drug regimens being tested to treat tuberculosis (TB) patients, according to researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Landmark CoMMpass Study data now available through MMRF Researcher Gateway

Landmark CoMMpass Study data now available through MMRF Researcher Gateway

The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation announced today that new data from the landmark CoMMpass Study is now available to researchers via the MMRF's Researcher Gateway, an online, open-access portal designed to make key genomic and clinical data publically available for additional study. [More]
BeyondSpring Pharmaceuticals plans to initiate Plinabulin Phase 3 pivotal trial in NSCLC patients

BeyondSpring Pharmaceuticals plans to initiate Plinabulin Phase 3 pivotal trial in NSCLC patients

BeyondSpring Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of innovative cancer therapies, today announced that it plans to initiate a Phase 3 pivotal trial of lead product candidate, Plinabulin, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the first quarter of 2015. [More]
Ceres to develop new method for detecting the presence of Ebola virus in saliva

Ceres to develop new method for detecting the presence of Ebola virus in saliva

Ceres Nanosciences Inc. today announced the commencement of a development program, funded by the Gates Foundation, to use Ceres' Nanotrap particle technology to develop a new method of detecting the presence of the Ebola virus in saliva. [More]
Neuroimaging markers have synergistic effect on cognitive decline

Neuroimaging markers have synergistic effect on cognitive decline

The Alzheimer disease neuroimaging markers β-amyloid and neurodegeneration have synergistic effects on the rate of cognitive decline in clinically normal people, research shows. [More]
Real-time surgical guidance study to evaluate TriVersa NanoMate with LESA capability from Advion

Real-time surgical guidance study to evaluate TriVersa NanoMate with LESA capability from Advion

Advion, Inc. announces that is its TriVersa NanoMate with liquid extraction surface analysis (LESA) capability will be evaluated as part of a study at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. [More]
Researchers identify possible prognostic biomarker in triple-negative breast cancer

Researchers identify possible prognostic biomarker in triple-negative breast cancer

"Triple-negative" breast cancer (TNBC) occurs in patients whose cells do not express receptors for estrogen, progesterone, and/or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ER-/PR-/HER2-). [More]