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Biopsy is the removal of cells or tissues for examination by a pathologist. The pathologist may study the tissue under a microscope or perform other tests on the cells or tissue. There are many different types of biopsy procedures. The most common types include: (1) incisional biopsy, in which only a sample of tissue is removed; (2) excisional biopsy, in which an entire lump or suspicious area is removed; and (3) needle biopsy, in which a sample of tissue or fluid is removed with a needle. When a wide needle is used, the procedure is called a core biopsy. When a thin needle is used, the procedure is called a fine-needle aspiration biopsy.
Multimodal MRI recommended to prevent brain mass misdiagnosis

Multimodal MRI recommended to prevent brain mass misdiagnosis

T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo or susceptibility-weighted imaging sequences should be performed during the diagnosis of brain masses to rule out pseudotumoural presentation of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation, say researchers. [More]
Liverpool researchers reach major milestone towards creating diagnostic test for prostate cancer

Liverpool researchers reach major milestone towards creating diagnostic test for prostate cancer

A research team from the University of Liverpool has reached an important milestone towards creating a urine diagnostic test for prostate cancer that could mean that invasive diagnostic procedures that men currently undergo eventually become a thing of the past. [More]
David Calligaris wins ABC Best Paper Award

David Calligaris wins ABC Best Paper Award

David Calligaris is the winner of this year's ABC Best Paper Award, presented by the Springer journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. In a paper published in ABC, lead author Calligaris and his colleagues describe a novel system using mass spectrometry as an intraoperative tool. Their method opens new possibilities to detect additional tumour markers which are useful in diagnosing brain and breast tumours during surgery. [More]
Scientists propose use of mathematical models to find better treatment for bladder cancer

Scientists propose use of mathematical models to find better treatment for bladder cancer

MIPT scientists together with their colleagues from St. Petersburg and Israel have analyzed more than 500 previously published scientific articles and proposed their own approach to the choice of methods used for the treatment of one of the most common cancers. [More]
UC San Diego School of Medicine launches new NAFLD Research Center

UC San Diego School of Medicine launches new NAFLD Research Center

Roughly one-quarter of all Americans - an estimated 100 million adults and children - have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a chronic condition that can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer and liver failure. [More]
Novel quantitative method may reduce or eliminate need for invasive biopsies

Novel quantitative method may reduce or eliminate need for invasive biopsies

Scientists have identified a quantitative method to measure changes in biomarkers, which may reduce or eliminate the need for invasive biopsies. The method, described in the February 2016 issue of The FASEB Journal uses a novel chimera design of DNA and small DNA with a companion contrast agent to allow antibodies to cross cellular membranes. [More]
VolitionRx initiates study to assess NuQ blood tests for detection of prostate cancer

VolitionRx initiates study to assess NuQ blood tests for detection of prostate cancer

VolitionRx Limited today announced that it has initiated a study to assess the feasibility of using the Company’s NuQ blood tests to detect prostate cancer. The study is in collaboration with the Surrey Cancer Research Institute of the University of Surrey in the UK. [More]
Meditation reduces anxiety, pain and fatigue in women undergoing breast cancer biopsies

Meditation reduces anxiety, pain and fatigue in women undergoing breast cancer biopsies

Meditation eases anxiety, fatigue and pain for women undergoing breast cancer biopsies, according to researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute. They also found that music is effective, but to a lesser extent. [More]
Potential treatment target identified for fatty liver disease

Potential treatment target identified for fatty liver disease

Two proteins, p38 gamma and p38 delta, control the accumulation of fat in the liver, a process linked to the development of insulin resistance and diabetes, which are common outcomes of obesity. These findings are presented in an article published by researchers at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC). [More]
Saliva gland test may help diagnose early Parkinson's disease

Saliva gland test may help diagnose early Parkinson's disease

Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Arizona and Banner Sun Health Research Institute have determined that testing a portion of a person's submandibular gland may be a way to diagnose early Parkinson's disease. The study was published this month in Movement Disorders, the official journal of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society. [More]
FedMed gains access to Trovagene's Precision Cancer Monitoring tests and service

FedMed gains access to Trovagene's Precision Cancer Monitoring tests and service

Trovagene, Inc., a developer of cell-free molecular diagnostics, announced today that it has entered into an agreement with FedMed, Inc. establishing health benefit access to Trovagene's full line of Precision Cancer Monitoring (PCM) tests and services. [More]
Certain ethnicities diagnosed with colorectal cancer at younger ages

Certain ethnicities diagnosed with colorectal cancer at younger ages

Even though the possibilities of colorectal cancer increases with age, a new study found that certain ethnicities are starting to be diagnosed with the condition at younger ages than ever before. [More]
VARI-SU2C Epigenetics Dream Team supports new clinical trial that targets metastatic colorectal cancer

VARI-SU2C Epigenetics Dream Team supports new clinical trial that targets metastatic colorectal cancer

The first clinical trial to move forward as part of the Van Andel Research Institute-Stand Up To Cancer (VARI-SU2C) Epigenetics Dream Team will target metastatic colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men and women combined in the U.S. [More]
New technique may reduce need for amputation in patients with critical limb ischemia

New technique may reduce need for amputation in patients with critical limb ischemia

A new imaging technique could reduce the need for amputation in patients with critical limb ischemia, according to a study publised today in the scientific journal JACC. [More]
High intensity focused ultrasound provides important treatment for men with prostate cancer

High intensity focused ultrasound provides important treatment for men with prostate cancer

For the estimated 220,000 men who will be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year, deciding on a method of treatment can be a challenge. Some with early-stage cancer pursue a "wait and watch" option, also called active surveillance, while others with more severe cancer immediately pursue surgery, including prostatectomy (removal of the prostate). [More]
Monitoring HBcrAg levels could help optimise PEG-IFN therapy

Monitoring HBcrAg levels could help optimise PEG-IFN therapy

Serum hepatitis B core-related antigen could serve as a quantitative marker of response to pegylated interferon therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), findings indicate. [More]
Positive bosutinib response for elderly blast phase CML patient

Positive bosutinib response for elderly blast phase CML patient

A case study suggests that the third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor bosutinib may be considered as induction therapy for blast phase chronic myeloid leukaemia in older patients. [More]
Sensitive computational method could help reveal effect of the immune system on cancer

Sensitive computational method could help reveal effect of the immune system on cancer

A study by researchers at Norris Cotton Cancer Center has shown that a very sensitive computational method can be used to reveal the human immune system's effect on cancer. The Dartmouth study was the first to perform an in-depth computational examination of how immune activity translates to prognosis in breast cancer. [More]
Champions Oncology begins prospective correlative trial of PDX in patients with sarcoma

Champions Oncology begins prospective correlative trial of PDX in patients with sarcoma

Champions Oncology today announced that it has initiated a sponsored prospective correlative trial of patient derived xenograft modeling (PDX or Champions TumorGraft PDX models) in patients with metastatic or recurrent sarcoma. Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Canada is the first clinical site to enroll patients in the newly-opened study. [More]
MDxHealth recognized with 2015 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Technology Innovation

MDxHealth recognized with 2015 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Technology Innovation

Based on its recent analysis of the prostate cancer diagnostics market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes MDxHealth with the 2015 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Technology Innovation. To advance molecular diagnostic tests for urological cancers, MDxHealth supplemented its prostate cancer test, ConfirmMDx, with a urine-based "liquid-biopsy" test called SelectMDx. [More]
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