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Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

New research provides the first clear evidence that the amount of nutrients transported to the foetus by the placenta adjusts according to both the foetal drive for growth, and the mother's physical ability to provide. [More]
Maternal smoking linked to increased risk for Tourette syndrome and tic disorders

Maternal smoking linked to increased risk for Tourette syndrome and tic disorders

A study published in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and an increased risk for Tourette syndrome and other chronic tic disorders. [More]
Low birth weight can affect sporting ability and exercise levels in later life

Low birth weight can affect sporting ability and exercise levels in later life

Individuals who are born with a low birth weight are less likely to be good at sports at school or participate in exercise later on in life. [More]
Extreme preemies more likey to develop abnormal blood glucose and high body fat in adulthood

Extreme preemies more likey to develop abnormal blood glucose and high body fat in adulthood

By the time they are in their early 30s, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies are four times more likely to develop dysglycemia, or abnormal blood glucose, than their normal birth weight (NBW) peers. [More]
Prenatal exposure to organochlorine chemicals linked to increased odds of autism in children

Prenatal exposure to organochlorine chemicals linked to increased odds of autism in children

Chemicals used in certain pesticides and as insulating material banned in the 1970s may still be haunting us, according to new research that suggests links between higher levels of exposure during pregnancy and significantly increased odds of autism spectrum disorder in children. [More]
Steroid treatment linked to increased risk of retinopathy in very low birth weight infants

Steroid treatment linked to increased risk of retinopathy in very low birth weight infants

Because of the beneficial effect of corticosteroids on lung function, especially in infants who are ventilator dependent, corticosteroids are, at times, administered to very low birth weight neonates to treat established or evolving lung disease. However, it has long been suspected that steroids may have negative neurodevelopmental effects on very premature infants. [More]
New study shows frozen embryo transfer safer, more successful in women with PCOS

New study shows frozen embryo transfer safer, more successful in women with PCOS

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who receive frozen embryos during in vitro fertilization have safer and more successful pregnancies than those who get fresh embryos, according to the results of a recent collaboration between Penn State College of Medicine and Chinese researchers. [More]
Disordered airway microbiome at birth may be linked to severe neonatal lung disease

Disordered airway microbiome at birth may be linked to severe neonatal lung disease

In contrast to the general belief that the airways of an infant are sterile until after birth, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers and colleagues have found that the infant airway is already colonized with bacteria or bacterial DNA when a baby is born -- and this is true for infants born as early as 24 weeks gestation. [More]
Specific urine proteins may be indicators of acute kidney injury in preterm infants

Specific urine proteins may be indicators of acute kidney injury in preterm infants

A new study indicates that several proteins are excreted differently in preterm infants with kidney injury compared with those with healthy kidneys. [More]
UC Riverside investigators to study impact of drought on public health

UC Riverside investigators to study impact of drought on public health

Drought and extreme temperatures continue to challenge policymakers in California and globally who grapple with managing limited water resources. [More]
Use of nicotine patches or Zyban drug during pregnancy benefits both mother and child

Use of nicotine patches or Zyban drug during pregnancy benefits both mother and child

The results of a study conducted by Dr. Anick Bérard, Professor and Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé Research Chair on Medications and Pregnancy, at the University of Montreal's Faculty of Pharmacy and the Ste-Justine University Hospital demonstrate that the use of nicotine patches or the drug Zyban has positive effects for the unborn child and allows pregnant women to stop smoking during and after pregnancy. [More]
High prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls in Nepal linked to undernourishment

High prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls in Nepal linked to undernourishment

A press release about new research in Nepal detailing how over half the population of Nepalese adolescent girls have anaemia, mostly due to undernourishment. [More]
Preventing sudden unexpected deaths of babies and children: an interview with Professor Peter Fleming

Preventing sudden unexpected deaths of babies and children: an interview with Professor Peter Fleming

SIDS is the sudden and unexpected death of a baby, which usually occurs during sleep. The great majority of the babies are aged between about two weeks and seven or eight months. [More]
Study shows twice daily exercise intervention improves bone strength in VLBW pre-term infants

Study shows twice daily exercise intervention improves bone strength in VLBW pre-term infants

Because of their low weight and premature birth, very low birth weight (VLBW) pre-term infants have lower bone mineral mass and a greater need for bone nutrients compared to most new-born infants. [More]
Multivitamins for pregnancy - helpful or harmful?

Multivitamins for pregnancy - helpful or harmful?

Multivitamins for women before, during and after pregnancy – are they helpful or harmful? This is the question posed by new research from Griffith University which aims to dispel the myths around vitamin use and educate reproductive aged women about their dietary needs. [More]
Smartphone app may increase discharge preparedness for parents of VLBW infants

Smartphone app may increase discharge preparedness for parents of VLBW infants

A smartphone app specifically designed to support parents of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants as they transition home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may increase parenting self-efficacy and discharge preparedness, according to a pilot randomized controlled trial at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago that was published in the journal Internet Interventions. [More]
Low birth weight, stress during pregnancy can lead to long-term health issues in women

Low birth weight, stress during pregnancy can lead to long-term health issues in women

Low birth weight or stress during pregnancy can lead to long-term health problems in women, according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology. [More]
Responsive parenting intervention helps curb childhood obesity

Responsive parenting intervention helps curb childhood obesity

Mothers who practiced responsive parenting -- including reacting promptly and appropriately to hunger and fullness cues -- were less likely to have overweight babies at their one-year checkup than those who did not, say health researchers. [More]
Premature babies have lower peak bone mass as adults

Premature babies have lower peak bone mass as adults

Among the many important processes that happen during a woman's last few weeks of pregnancy is the transfer of calcium to the growing foetus to boost bone development. [More]
Nine creative ways to improve cognitive development of children in developing countries

Nine creative ways to improve cognitive development of children in developing countries

Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada, and the "Saving Brains" partners today announced investments in nine creative ways to protect and nurture the cognitive development of children in developing countries. [More]
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