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Neurons appear to retain partial communication despite serious structural aberrations, study finds

Neurons appear to retain partial communication despite serious structural aberrations, study finds

Neuroscientists have long known that brain cells communicate with each other through the release of tiny bubbles packed with neurotransmitters—a fleet of vessels docked along neuronal ends ready to launch when a trigger arrives. [More]
Study finds way to detect early signs of AD by looking at retina of patients' eyes

Study finds way to detect early signs of AD by looking at retina of patients' eyes

A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston offers important insight into how Alzheimer's disease begins within the brain. [More]
Bone gene in mammals may take additional role to promote cognition in humans

Bone gene in mammals may take additional role to promote cognition in humans

A gene that regulates bone growth and muscle metabolism in mammals may take on an additional role as a promoter of brain maturation, cognition and learning in human and nonhuman prim ates, according to a new study led by neurobiologists at Harvard Medical School. [More]
Research reveals mechanism behind progression of neurodegenerative diseases in the brain

Research reveals mechanism behind progression of neurodegenerative diseases in the brain

Synapses, the place where brain cells contact one another, play a pivotal role in the transmission of toxic proteins. This allows neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's to spread through the brain. [More]
Researchers discover genetic alterations in autism gene that reduces brain activity

Researchers discover genetic alterations in autism gene that reduces brain activity

Scientists at McMaster University's Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute in collaboration with Sick Children's Hospital have discovered genetic alterations in the gene DIXDC1 in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). [More]
Genetic mutation confers risk for development of Parkinson's disease earlier than usual

Genetic mutation confers risk for development of Parkinson's disease earlier than usual

A collaboration of 32 researchers in seven countries, led by scientists at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida, has found a genetic mutation they say confers a risk for development of Parkinson's disease earlier than usual. [More]
Takara Bio to provide SMART-Seq v4 Ultra Low Input RNA Kit for Sequencing to Allen Institute

Takara Bio to provide SMART-Seq v4 Ultra Low Input RNA Kit for Sequencing to Allen Institute

Takara Bio USA, Inc. announced today that its SMART-Seq v4 Ultra Low Input RNA Kit for Sequencing has been selected for the development of gene expression profiles of individual brain cells as part of the Allen Cell Types Database, a public resource available from the Allen Institute for Brain Science. [More]
New study to explore therapeutic pill for treatment of concussion

New study to explore therapeutic pill for treatment of concussion

The goal of finding a treatment for concussion may be one step closer due to a new study being launched by University of Miami researchers. [More]
Scientists identify commonly affected genes sets among people with three mental disorders

Scientists identify commonly affected genes sets among people with three mental disorders

Studying brain tissue from deceased donors, Johns Hopkins scientists have found common groups of genes disrupted among people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. [More]
New bionic hybrid neuro chip records brain cell activity at higher resolution

New bionic hybrid neuro chip records brain cell activity at higher resolution

Brain functions are controlled by millions of brain cells. However, in order to understand how the brain controls functions, such as simple reflexes or learning and memory, we must be able to record the activity of large networks and groups of neurons. [More]
UA neuroscientists receive $10.3 million grant to find cause for heightened risk of Alzheimer's in women

UA neuroscientists receive $10.3 million grant to find cause for heightened risk of Alzheimer's in women

Why do more women than men get Alzheimer's disease? In their quest to find the answer, neuroscientist Roberta Diaz Brinton, PhD, and her collegues in the Center for Innovation in Brain Science at the University of Arizona Health Sciences, have been awarded a $10.3 million five-year Program Project Grant from the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Researchers come together to discuss potential impact of exercise at all stages of life

Researchers come together to discuss potential impact of exercise at all stages of life

Get more exercise. The often-repeated health recommendation is usually prescribed to lose weight or build muscle, but the many health effects of exercise reach far beyond weight and body composition. [More]
New study unravels cause of cognitive loss in tauopathy disorders

New study unravels cause of cognitive loss in tauopathy disorders

Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease that are characterized by the deposition of aggregates of the tau protein inside brain cells. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that leads to brain cell death during stroke

UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that leads to brain cell death during stroke

One particular protein is the final executioner of events that result in the death of brain cells during stroke, researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center and their collaborators report. This finding could ultimately lead to new ways to protect against brain damage. [More]
Johns Hopkins researchers identify protein that triggers brain cell death from strokes and injuries

Johns Hopkins researchers identify protein that triggers brain cell death from strokes and injuries

Despite their different triggers, the same molecular chain of events appears to be responsible for brain cell death from strokes, injuries and even such neurodegenerative diseases as Alzheimer's. [More]
Immunotherapy already in clinical trials for cancer could slow progression of Parkinson's disease

Immunotherapy already in clinical trials for cancer could slow progression of Parkinson's disease

Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have identified a protein that enables a toxic natural aggregate to spread from cell to cell in a mammal's brain — and a way to block that protein's action. [More]
Research reveals how Zika virus arrests fetal brain development in pigtail macaque

Research reveals how Zika virus arrests fetal brain development in pigtail macaque

For the first time, abnormal brain development following a Zika infection during pregnancy has been documented experimentally in the offspring of a non-human primate. [More]
Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Type II diabetes and Parkinson's disease may not appear to have much in common but a look below the surface reveals important molecular similarities that provide a potential target for fighting Parkinson's. [More]
New collaborative initiative to develop novel ways of screening drugs for bipolar disorder, schizophrenia

New collaborative initiative to develop novel ways of screening drugs for bipolar disorder, schizophrenia

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies will co-lead a $15.4 million effort to develop new systems for quickly screening libraries of drugs for potential effectiveness against schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has announced. [More]
SAGA funding initiative aims to advance understanding of potential sex differences in Alzheimer's

SAGA funding initiative aims to advance understanding of potential sex differences in Alzheimer's

The first-ever Alzheimer's Association Sex and Gender in Alzheimer's research grant awards will provide $2.2 million to nine projects to advance understanding of the disproportionate effect of Alzheimer's disease on women. [More]
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