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Cognition is a concept used in different ways by different disciplines, but is generally accepted to mean the process of thought. For example, in psychology and cognitive science it refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions.
Simple exercise program improves walking performance and quality of life in dialysis patients

Simple exercise program improves walking performance and quality of life in dialysis patients

In a recent study, a simple exercise program carried out at home improved dialysis patients' walking performance and quality of life. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. [More]
New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

Although the hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) - such as involuntary shaking, slowness of movement and muscle rigidity - are related to movement, recent evidence has suggested that memory impairment plays an outsized role in diminished quality of life and the burden placed on caregivers. [More]
Moderate coffee consumption may offer protection against age-related cognitive decline

Moderate coffee consumption may offer protection against age-related cognitive decline

A new report from the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC), a not-for-profit organisation devoted to the study and disclosure of science related to coffee and health, highlights the potential role of coffee consumption in reducing the risk of cognitive decline. [More]
Magnesium deficiency can cause sleep deprivation, say health experts

Magnesium deficiency can cause sleep deprivation, say health experts

Magnesium deficiency could be part of the reason you toss and turn at night, say health pioneers BetterYou following ITV’s 'Tonight – Why can’t Britain sleep?' programme which aired yesterday (17 November). [More]
Neurons appear to retain partial communication despite serious structural aberrations, study finds

Neurons appear to retain partial communication despite serious structural aberrations, study finds

Neuroscientists have long known that brain cells communicate with each other through the release of tiny bubbles packed with neurotransmitters—a fleet of vessels docked along neuronal ends ready to launch when a trigger arrives. [More]
Research findings cement link between kidney damage and cognitive functioning

Research findings cement link between kidney damage and cognitive functioning

People with kidney disease are at high risk of cognitive impairment, but the nature of this relationship remains uncertain. [More]
Study finds positive link between later age at last pregnancy and cognitive function after menopause

Study finds positive link between later age at last pregnancy and cognitive function after menopause

A new study has found that women have better brainpower after menopause if they had their last baby after age 35, used hormonal contraceptives for more than 10 years or began their menstrual cycle before turning 13. [More]
Young adults with ADHD may display unique physiological signs that could lead to accurate diagnosis

Young adults with ADHD may display unique physiological signs that could lead to accurate diagnosis

Young adults diagnosed with ADHD may display subtle physiological signs that could lead to a more precise diagnosis, according to Penn State researchers. [More]
Physical activity may help improve health and quality of life of Parkinson's disease patients

Physical activity may help improve health and quality of life of Parkinson's disease patients

A comprehensive review published in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease confirms that people living with Parkinson's disease (PD) can benefit from being physically active, especially when it comes to improving gait and balance, and reducing risks of falls. [More]
Brain training could help improve memory and mood in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

Brain training could help improve memory and mood in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

Researchers at the University of Sydney have found that engaging in computer-based brain training can improve memory and mood in older adults with mild cognitive impairment - but training is no longer effective once a dementia diagnosis has been made. [More]
Reproductive history and use of oral contraceptives linked to women’s cognitive function in later life

Reproductive history and use of oral contraceptives linked to women’s cognitive function in later life

In a study of healthy postmenopausal women, reproductive life events related to sex hormones, including earlier age at menarche, later age at last pregnancy, length of reproductive period, and use of oral contraceptives were positively related to aspects of cognition in later life. [More]
Neurocognitive impairments may serve as early warning signs of schizophrenia

Neurocognitive impairments may serve as early warning signs of schizophrenia

While schizophrenia is best known for episodes of psychosis - a break with reality during which an individual may experience delusions and hallucinations - it is also marked by chronic neurocognitive deficits, such as problems with memory and attention. [More]
Poor PPG control has significant negative impact on quality of life for diabetic people

Poor PPG control has significant negative impact on quality of life for diabetic people

New data from the first health-related quality of life (HRQL) study related to post-meal or postprandial glucose (PPG) control, show that poor PPG control has a significant negative impact on quality of life for people with diabetes. [More]
Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables combined with regular exercise linked to better cognitive functioning

Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables combined with regular exercise linked to better cognitive functioning

It's tempting to dip into the leftover Halloween treats, but new research out of York University has found eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, combined with regular exercise, leads to better cognitive functioning for younger and older adults, and may delay the onset of dementia. [More]
New study to explore impact of vitamin K supplement on cardiovascular health of obese children

New study to explore impact of vitamin K supplement on cardiovascular health of obese children

Researchers want to know whether a vitamin K supplement is an effective, inexpensive way to help reduce the cardiovascular risk of obese children. [More]
Simple web-based program may help alleviate mild cognitive problems in cancer survivors

Simple web-based program may help alleviate mild cognitive problems in cancer survivors

"Cognitive rehabilitation should be a core part of cancer survivorship care, as cognitive symptoms are very common and have a profound effect on people's lives. This study points to a simple tool that may help alleviate mild cognitive problems." [More]
High blood pressure in middle age could be potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease

High blood pressure in middle age could be potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease

High blood pressure in middle age can lead to impaired cognition and is a potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, according to a statement from the American Heart Association co-authored by Loyola Medicine neurologist José Biller, MD. [More]
Researchers find new way to rapidly awaken patients after general anesthesia

Researchers find new way to rapidly awaken patients after general anesthesia

The use of general anesthesia for surgery has not changed fundamentally since it was first introduced 170 years ago. Patients are still left to come around in their own time following withdrawal of the drug. [More]
New research underscores problems affecting cognitive development of children in sub-Saharan Africa

New research underscores problems affecting cognitive development of children in sub-Saharan Africa

New research from the University of Liverpool highlights problems impacting on the cognitive development of children in sub-Saharan Africa. [More]
NDSU investigator receives $3.7 million grant for bariatric surgery research

NDSU investigator receives $3.7 million grant for bariatric surgery research

Some patients who undergo weight loss surgery to combat obesity don't lose the pounds they expect or they gain weight back. A team of researchers at seven institutions across the United States is working to find out why. [More]
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