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Cognition is a concept used in different ways by different disciplines, but is generally accepted to mean the process of thought. For example, in psychology and cognitive science it refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions.
Abnormal increase in hippocampal activity impairs memory and attention

Abnormal increase in hippocampal activity impairs memory and attention

Neurons in the brain interact by sending each other chemical messages, so-called neurotransmitters. [More]
Neuropsychologist pinpoints risk factors for dementia

Neuropsychologist pinpoints risk factors for dementia

Dementia strikes one in 14 people in the UK over 65, and 47 million people worldwide.Yet scientists are still urgently trying to find why the disease affects some but not others. [More]
New study reports long-lasting cognitive impairments in mice after chemotherapy treatment

New study reports long-lasting cognitive impairments in mice after chemotherapy treatment

Women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer have long complained of lingering cognitive impairments after treatment. [More]
Research shows ketone esters increase exercise endurance, cognitive function in rats

Research shows ketone esters increase exercise endurance, cognitive function in rats

New research published online in The FASEB Journal shows that in rats, a substance called a ketone ester significantly increase exercise endurance, cognitive function and energy levels in the heart at high workloads. [More]
Study shows work productivity key in evaluating recovery of depressed patients

Study shows work productivity key in evaluating recovery of depressed patients

While medications can quickly reduce depressive symptoms, monitoring work productivity can provide unique insight into whether a patient will require additional treatments to achieve long-term remission, a new study through the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute finds. [More]
MedDiet improves memory and slows cognitive decline, study shows

MedDiet improves memory and slows cognitive decline, study shows

Eating a Mediterranean diet can slow down cognitive decline.The Mediterranean diet can improve your mind, as well your heart, shows a study published in the open-access journal [More]
Cerebral protection device reduces brain lesions after TAVI in patients with severe aortic stenosis

Cerebral protection device reduces brain lesions after TAVI in patients with severe aortic stenosis

Among patients with severe aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation, the use of a cerebral protection device (a filter that captures debris [tissue and plaque] dislodged during the procedure) reduced the number and volume of brain lesions, according to a study appearing in the August 9 issue of JAMA. [More]
Quest Diagnostics introduces digital cognitive assessment tool to help physicians assess patients with dementia

Quest Diagnostics introduces digital cognitive assessment tool to help physicians assess patients with dementia

Quest Diagnostics, the world's leading provider of diagnostic information services, today announced CogniSense, a digital cognitive assessment tool that aids in a physician's assessment, diagnosis and care management of individuals with cognitive dysfunction. [More]
Scientists develop interactive model to fast-track research and treatment of schizophrenia

Scientists develop interactive model to fast-track research and treatment of schizophrenia

It's called mental imbalance for a reason. Sanity hangs, in part, in the gentle balance of chemicals strung together within regions of the brain in an intricate matrix. [More]
Diet rich in saturated fat reduces person's cognitive function making it difficult to control eating habits

Diet rich in saturated fat reduces person's cognitive function making it difficult to control eating habits

A diet high in saturated fat can make your brain struggle to control what you eat, says a new study in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. [More]
Focused therapy may be effective, less toxic way to treat brain tumors

Focused therapy may be effective, less toxic way to treat brain tumors

Physicians from Carolinas HealthCare System's Neurosciences Institute and Levine Cancer Institute are among the authors of a study that was accepted for publication by the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study, released on July 26, 2016, shows that patients with the most common form of brain tumor can be treated in an effective and substantially less toxic way by omitting a widely used portion of radiation therapy. [More]
Stereotactic radiosurgery could be more effective for patients with few metastatic brain tumors

Stereotactic radiosurgery could be more effective for patients with few metastatic brain tumors

Patients with three or fewer metastatic brain tumors who received treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) had less cognitive deterioration three months after treatment than patients who received SRS combined with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). [More]
Retained metabolites may contribute to impaired cognitive function in kidney failure patients

Retained metabolites may contribute to impaired cognitive function in kidney failure patients

Retention of certain metabolites in the blood may contribute to cognitive impairment in patients with kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. [More]
ASH commits $3 million annual funding to help sustain promising blood disease research

ASH commits $3 million annual funding to help sustain promising blood disease research

With a $3 million annual commitment to support promising blood disease research amid limited National Institutes of Health funding, the American Society of Hematology--the world's largest professional society concerned with the causes and treatment of blood disorders--today announced the formal establishment of the ASH Bridge Grant program after an extended four-year pilot study. [More]
Delirium in older surgical patients may be linked to long-term cognitive decline

Delirium in older surgical patients may be linked to long-term cognitive decline

Researchers from the Harvard Medical School - affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research have found increasing evidence that delirium in older surgical patients may be associated with long-term cognitive decline. [More]
Review highlights lack of consistent assessment tool to assess driving ability in people with Alzheimer's

Review highlights lack of consistent assessment tool to assess driving ability in people with Alzheimer's

No single assessment tool is able to consistently determine driving ability in people with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment, a St. Michael's Hospital research review has found. [More]
Extra-coding RNA modulates neuronal DNA methylation patterns

Extra-coding RNA modulates neuronal DNA methylation patterns

The creation of memories in the brain involves addition or removal of methyl groups at precise spots on chromosomal DNA. But what controls the careful targeting of these neuronal DNA methylation dynamics? [More]
Daclizumab drug offers new treatment option for people living with relapsing forms of MS in the UK

Daclizumab drug offers new treatment option for people living with relapsing forms of MS in the UK

A new, first-in-class treatment which is believed to use a double-action approach to fight MS by rebalancing the immune system, has today been authorised in the UK for people living with relapsing forms (the most common type) of the disease. [More]
Tiny micro-vesicle structures may help predict probability of developing Alzheimer's dementia

Tiny micro-vesicle structures may help predict probability of developing Alzheimer's dementia

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine say tiny micro-vesicle structures used by neurons and other cells to transport materials internally or dispose of them externally carry tell-tale proteins that may help to predict the likelihood of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) developing into full-blown Alzheimer's disease (AD). [More]
New risk calculator can assess individual's risk of developing psychosis

New risk calculator can assess individual's risk of developing psychosis

A new risk calculator can predict an individual's risk of developing psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, according to a new study published today in The American Journal of Psychiatry. [More]
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