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Transcranial direct current stimulation may activate the human cerebral cortex, study shows

Transcranial direct current stimulation may activate the human cerebral cortex, study shows

The notion that low levels of electrical stimulation applied to the scalp, barely enough to create a mild tingling sensation, could activate the brain is a relatively new and somewhat controversial idea. [More]
ECTRIMS 2016: Young investigator explains new MRI criteria for MS diagnosis in patients with CIS

ECTRIMS 2016: Young investigator explains new MRI criteria for MS diagnosis in patients with CIS

The 32nd Congress of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis opened yesterday in London (September 14-17) and key presentations reveal the latest evidence-based thinking on how to use MRI scan results to diagnose MS with increasing accuracy. [More]
BIDMC scientists shed light on how hunger affects the brain’s response to visual food cues

BIDMC scientists shed light on how hunger affects the brain’s response to visual food cues

Our brain pays more attention to food when we are hungry than when we are sated. Now a team of scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has shed light on how the needs of the body affect the way the brain processes visual food cues. [More]
Wayne State receives NIH funding to advance brain aging research

Wayne State receives NIH funding to advance brain aging research

Wayne State University has received a $3.6 million grant from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health for a project that will advance knowledge of brain aging, its relation to cognitive performance and the role of common vascular and metabolic risk factors in shaping the trajectories of aging. [More]
Belief about nicotine in cigarette may influence brain signals linked to cravings

Belief about nicotine in cigarette may influence brain signals linked to cravings

Craving relief may depend more on the belief of satisfaction than actual relief, according to scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. [More]
Operational mechanism of Acid-sensing Ion Channel plays pivotal role in transmitting pain signals

Operational mechanism of Acid-sensing Ion Channel plays pivotal role in transmitting pain signals

Professor Byung-Chang Suh's research team from the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences succeeded in identifying a new operational mechanism principle of the 'Acid-sensing Ion Channel,' which recognizes internal pain in an organism. [More]
Research provides scientific evidence for adverse effects of cannabis intake on brain development

Research provides scientific evidence for adverse effects of cannabis intake on brain development

Researchers have clarified important mechanisms involved in the formation of neural circuits in the brain. [More]
Study provides insight into how weight-loss drug acts in the brain

Study provides insight into how weight-loss drug acts in the brain

A weight-loss drug dampened the response to food cues in regions of the brain associated with attention and emotion, leading to decreases in caloric intake, weight and body mass index (BMI), a team led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center reported. [More]
UAB researchers find microRNA as potential therapeutic target for MDD

UAB researchers find microRNA as potential therapeutic target for MDD

A tiny RNA appears to play a role in producing major depression, the mental disorder that affects as many as 250 million people a year worldwide. [More]
New study pinpoints individual neurons in the brain that support observational learning

New study pinpoints individual neurons in the brain that support observational learning

Picture a little boy imitating his father shaving in the mirror or a little girl wobbling proudly in her mother's high heels. [More]
UCSB neuroscientist provides new understanding of how the brain uses perception to guide action

UCSB neuroscientist provides new understanding of how the brain uses perception to guide action

A UC Santa Barbara researcher studying how the brain uses perception of the environment to guide action has a new understanding of the neural circuits responsible for transforming sensation into movement. [More]
Research provides deeper understanding of what happens in the brain when occupied by visual task

Research provides deeper understanding of what happens in the brain when occupied by visual task

When we are busy with something that requires the use of sight, the brain reduces hearing to make it easy for us. [More]
Groundbreaking research on effects of NIR light could lead to effective treatment for PTSD

Groundbreaking research on effects of NIR light could lead to effective treatment for PTSD

After years of studying the effects of near-infrared light on veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injuries, a team led by a University of Texas at Arlington bioengineer has published groundbreaking research in Nature's Scientific Reports that could result in an effective, long-term treatment for brain disorders. [More]
Experimental co-culture approach facilitates study of cellular events underlying Huntington's disease

Experimental co-culture approach facilitates study of cellular events underlying Huntington's disease

Using an experimental co-culture approach in which two different types of neurons from a mouse model of Huntington's disease (HD) are grown side-by-side, connecting to form critically impacted circuits, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified a subunit of a protein that, when expressed, reverse the mutated gene effects responsible for HD. [More]
New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiometabolic conditions, may be a biological mechanism linking posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to structural brain abnormalities, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry. [More]

The brain remembers missing hands and fingers even decades after amputation, study reveals

Our brains have a detailed picture of our hands and fingers, and that persists even decades after an amputation, Oxford University researchers have found. The finding could have implications for the control of next generation prosthetics. [More]
Study shows how caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals

Study shows how caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals

A study published in the journal Scientific Reports from Nature publishing group, describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. [More]
Multi-purpose protein may offer clues for successful treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Multi-purpose protein may offer clues for successful treatment of Alzheimer's disease

The tidal wave approaches. In the coming decades, Alzheimer's disease is projected to exact a devastating economic and emotional toll on society, with patient numbers in the US alone expected to reach 13.5 million by mid-century at a projected cost of over a trillion dollars. [More]
New study shows how the brain calculates distribution of probabilities in orbitofrontal cortex

New study shows how the brain calculates distribution of probabilities in orbitofrontal cortex

Even if we find it difficult to calculate complicated probabilities on the spot, our brains constantly carry out these sorts of computations without our awareness -- and they're remarkably good at it. [More]
NIPS researchers reveal new mechanisms by which microglia sculpt neural circuits

NIPS researchers reveal new mechanisms by which microglia sculpt neural circuits

Microglia are cells that combat various brain diseases and injuries by swallowing foreign or disruptive objects and releasing molecules that activate repair mechanisms. [More]
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