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Stem-cell-derived gap junction cells could be important therapeutic target for treatment of hereditary deafness

Stem-cell-derived gap junction cells could be important therapeutic target for treatment of hereditary deafness

A collaboration, including researchers from Juntendo University, demonstrate differentiation from stem cells into specialised cells thought to be the most important therapeutic target for the treatment of hereditary deafness. [More]
Novel telemedicine speech therapy could improve dementia patient’s ability to recall words

Novel telemedicine speech therapy could improve dementia patient’s ability to recall words

A novel telemedicine speech therapy program for people with language problems due to dementia significantly improved their ability to recall words they had "lost," reports a new Northwestern Medicine study [More]
Study assesses impact of diabetes mellitus on cardiac geometry

Study assesses impact of diabetes mellitus on cardiac geometry

A study of U.S. Hispanics with diabetes mellitus showed a link between impaired glucose regulation and adverse measures of cardiac function and structure. [More]
Study provides novel insights into genetic factors linked to age-related hearing disorders

Study provides novel insights into genetic factors linked to age-related hearing disorders

A study of patient electronic medical records and genome sequences from adults with age-related hearing impairment by researchers at UC San Francisco and Kaiser Permanente Northern California, identified two genetic variations linked to the hearing disorder. [More]
Icelandic people more likely to carry novel rare genetic variant linked to risk of Alzheimer's disease

Icelandic people more likely to carry novel rare genetic variant linked to risk of Alzheimer's disease

People with Icelandic heritage are more likely to carry a novel rare mutation in the TM2D3 gene, which leads to greater risk for Alzheimer's disease, based on a new study published October 14th, 2016 in PLOS Genetics by Johanna Jakobsdottir of the Icelandic Heart Association, Sven van der Lee of Erasmus University in Rotterdam, and colleagues. [More]
Japanese researchers discover causative gene for common type of hearing loss

Japanese researchers discover causative gene for common type of hearing loss

A causative gene for a highly common type of hearing loss (sensorineural hearing loss, or SNHL) has been identified by a group of Japanese researchers, who successfully replicated the condition using a transgenic mouse. [More]
Difficulty to understand speech in noisy environments linked to hidden hearing loss in young adults

Difficulty to understand speech in noisy environments linked to hidden hearing loss in young adults

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, linked symptoms of difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments with evidence of cochlear synaptopathy, a condition known as "hidden hearing loss," in college-age human subjects with normal hearing sensitivity. [More]
Researchers uncover key factor for promoting wound healing after corneal injuries

Researchers uncover key factor for promoting wound healing after corneal injuries

In cases of severe ocular trauma involving the cornea, wound healing occurs following intervention, but at the cost of opaque scar tissue formation and damaged vision. Recent research has shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) — which can differentiate into a variety of cells, including bone, cartilage, muscle and fat cells — are capable of returning clarity to scarred corneas; however, the mechanisms by which this happens remained a mystery — until now. [More]
Component in red wine and grapes can suppress inflammation linked to airway disease

Component in red wine and grapes can suppress inflammation linked to airway disease

A component of red wine and grapes can help control inflammation induced by a bacterial pathogen that is linked to upper respiratory tract inflammatory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and middle ear infection (otitis media), according to a study by researchers at Georgia State University. [More]
Increasing specific brain fats could be potential strategy for preventing epileptic seizures

Increasing specific brain fats could be potential strategy for preventing epileptic seizures

Increasing the concentration of specific fats in the brain could suppress epileptic seizures. This is evident from ground-breaking research carried out by the research groups of Professor Patrik Verstreken and Professor Wim Versées. [More]
Scientist uses stem cells derived from dental pulp to return hearing to deaf people

Scientist uses stem cells derived from dental pulp to return hearing to deaf people

Deafness is a condition in which the hearing diminishes or disappears; currently there are few procedures to treat because it often is irreversible. Also, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the disease globally affects 360 million people. [More]
Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have discovered a new mutation in a highly antibiotic-resistant strain of E. coli that resists clearance by the body's own immune system by inhibiting white blood cells that ordinarily kill and remove bacteria. [More]
UTSW surgeons remove acoustic neuromas through small incisions in the ear canals

UTSW surgeons remove acoustic neuromas through small incisions in the ear canals

A surgical team at UT Southwestern Medical Center is helping to pioneer a new minimally invasive procedure that extracts vertigo-inducing tumors from the inner ear without having to remove a large piece of skull, as is usually required. [More]
Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as "neural crest-derived progenitor cells") in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely — often leading to blindness. [More]
Memory loss symptoms not sufficient to diagnose other forms of Alzheimer's

Memory loss symptoms not sufficient to diagnose other forms of Alzheimer's

Relying on clinical symptoms of memory loss to diagnose Alzheimer's disease may miss other forms of dementia caused by Alzheimer's that don't initially affect memory, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. [More]
Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School have found that patients who were prescribed corticosteroids as part of treatment for Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis had worse long-term outcomes of regaining facial function than those who were prescribed antibiotic therapy alone. [More]
Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

A contact lens designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye could improve outcomes for patients with conditions requiring treatment with eye drops, which are often imprecise and difficult to self-administer. [More]
Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have identified new underlying mechanisms of proptosis, or bulging of the eyes, in patients with acute thyroid eye disease. [More]
GSK launches educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis

GSK launches educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis

GSK today launched an educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis, a rare but potentially deadly disease. [More]
Simple, non-invasive test may help screen young children for hearing deficits linked to autism

Simple, non-invasive test may help screen young children for hearing deficits linked to autism

Researchers have identified an inner ear deficiency in children with Autism that may impact their ability to recognize speech. [More]
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