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Dartmouth researchers evaluate role of assortativity signature on robustness

Dartmouth researchers evaluate role of assortativity signature on robustness

Dartmouth researchers explored the type and number of connections in transcription factor networks (TFNs) to evaluate the role assortativity plays on robustness in a study published in PLOS Computational Biology in August. [More]
Youth who have used e-cigarettes are more likely to try conventional cigarettes

Youth who have used e-cigarettes are more likely to try conventional cigarettes

A recent study by a Georgia State University scientist and her colleagues with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that youth who have never even touched a regular tobacco cigarette -- but have ever used e-cigarettes -- are more likely to report that they may try conventional cigarettes. [More]
Research roundup: Benefits of hip surgery; preventing surgical infections; assessing ACOs' predecessors

Research roundup: Benefits of hip surgery; preventing surgical infections; assessing ACOs' predecessors

Surgical treatment of hip fractures can achieve better survival and functional outcomes than nonoperative treatment, but less is known about its economic benefits. ... We estimated the effects of surgical treatment for displaced hip fractures through a Markov cohort analysis of patients 65 years and older. ... Estimated average lifetime societal benefits per patient exceeded the direct medical costs of hip fracture surgery by $65,000 to $68,000 for displaced hip fractures. With the exception of the assumption of nursing home use, the sensitivity analyses show that surgery produces positive net societal savings (Gu, Koenig, Mather and Tongue, 8/5). [More]
Researchers explore connections in TFNs to evaluate role assortativity plays on robustness

Researchers explore connections in TFNs to evaluate role assortativity plays on robustness

Dartmouth researchers explored the type and number of connections in transcription factor networks (TFNs) to evaluate the role assortativity plays on robustness in a study published in PLOS Computational Biology in August. [More]
Specific foods and dietary patterns help prevent, control diabetes

Specific foods and dietary patterns help prevent, control diabetes

In a comprehensive review of recent randomized clinical trials and observational studies of diabetes and nutrition, Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard School of Public Health investigators have identified specific foods and dietary patterns that are beneficial in preventing and controlling diabetes. [More]
Study: One in every 200 Ontarians diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease

Study: One in every 200 Ontarians diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease

One in every 200 Ontarians has been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with the number of people living with the disease increasing by 64 per cent between 1999 and 2008, according to a study by researchers at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, and the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. [More]
New research suggests that tomato-rich diet can lower prostate cancer risk

New research suggests that tomato-rich diet can lower prostate cancer risk

Men who eat over 10 portions a week of tomatoes have an 18 per cent lower risk of developing prostate cancer, new research suggests. [More]
Expanding age of eligibility for measles vaccination could have large effects on coverage in Africa

Expanding age of eligibility for measles vaccination could have large effects on coverage in Africa

Expanding the age of eligibility for measles vaccination from 12 to 15 months could have potentially large effects on coverage in Africa, according to a new report published by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. [More]
Study sheds light on direct causal relationship between smoking and mortality

Study sheds light on direct causal relationship between smoking and mortality

It is a fact that smoking is harmful and associated with deadly diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. [More]
ESMO announces names of outstanding individuals receiving annual awards

ESMO announces names of outstanding individuals receiving annual awards

The European Society for Medical Oncology, the leading pan-European organisation representing medical oncologists, announced the names of outstanding individuals receiving the Society's esteemed annual awards, to be presented during the ESMO 2014 Congress, on 26 September, in Madrid. [More]
Electronic alerts reduce urinary tract infections in hospital patients with urinary catheters

Electronic alerts reduce urinary tract infections in hospital patients with urinary catheters

A Penn Medicine team has found that targeted automated alerts in electronic health records significantly reduce urinary tract infections in hospital patients with urinary catheters. In addition, when the design of the alert was simplified, the rate of improvement dramatically increased. [More]
Study: Low birth weight may put African American women at higher risk for type 2 diabetes

Study: Low birth weight may put African American women at higher risk for type 2 diabetes

African American women born at a low or very low birth weight may be at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The findings, which appear in Diabetes Care, may explain in part the higher occurrence of type 2 diabetes in African American populations, which has a high prevalence of low birth weight. [More]
Calcium buildup in coronary arteries of chronic kidney disease patients indicates heart disease risk

Calcium buildup in coronary arteries of chronic kidney disease patients indicates heart disease risk

Calcium buildup in the coronary arteries of chronic kidney disease patients may be a strong indicator of heart disease risk, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN). [More]
Dr. John S. Sampalis nominated as finalist in the 2014 EY Entrepreneur Of The Year award

Dr. John S. Sampalis nominated as finalist in the 2014 EY Entrepreneur Of The Year award

Dr. John S. Sampalis is founder and CEO of JSS Medical Research and one of the world's leading clinical epidemiologists. Dr. Sampalis is nominated as a finalist in this year's 2014 EY Entrepreneur Of The Year in the Québec Health Sciences category. [More]
DNA testing for congenital cataracts can accurately diagnose diseases linked to childhood blindness

DNA testing for congenital cataracts can accurately diagnose diseases linked to childhood blindness

Researchers in the United Kingdom have demonstrated that advanced DNA testing for congenital cataracts can quickly and accurately diagnose a number of rare diseases marked by childhood blindness, according to a study published online today in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. [More]
UTHealth receives $1.5M grant from FEMA to improve volunteer firefighters' nutrition

UTHealth receives $1.5M grant from FEMA to improve volunteer firefighters' nutrition

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) has been awarded a $1.5 million grant from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to test the effectiveness of an online health and wellness program intended to improve volunteer firefighters' nutrition and fitness and reduce their risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease. [More]
New online tool helps doctors predict patients at high risk of developing diabetes

New online tool helps doctors predict patients at high risk of developing diabetes

A new online tool will help doctors predict which patients are most likely to develop diabetes. The calculator will help doctors identify high risk patients so that they can be tested for the disease and offered lifestyle advice. The test is targeted at people who have been admitted to hospital for emergency care. [More]
FDA approves GlaxoSmithKline’s Arnuity Ellipta for treatment of asthma

FDA approves GlaxoSmithKline’s Arnuity Ellipta for treatment of asthma

GlaxoSmithKline plc today announced that the FDA has approved Arnuity™ Ellipta® (fluticasone furoate inhalation powder), a once-daily inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) medicine for maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy in patients aged 12 years and older. Arnuity is not indicated for relief of acute bronchospasm. [More]
Researchers examine effect of sleeplessness on obesity in teenagers over time

Researchers examine effect of sleeplessness on obesity in teenagers over time

Teenagers who don't get enough sleep may wake up to worse consequences than nodding off during chemistry class. According to new research, risk of being obese by age 21 was 20 percent higher among 16-year-olds who got less than six hours of sleep a night, compared with their peers who slumbered more than eight hours. [More]
Trovagene announces results from clinical studies on urine-based diagnostic test for detection of HPV

Trovagene announces results from clinical studies on urine-based diagnostic test for detection of HPV

Trovagene, Inc., a developer of cell-free molecular diagnostics, announced today that results from two clinical studies will be presented at the 29th International Papillomavirus conference for the Company's urine-based diagnostic test for the detection of high risk strains of Human Papillomavirus. [More]