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Why does appetite loss occur during illness? An interview with Prof. Conti and Prof. Francesconi

Why does appetite loss occur during illness? An interview with Prof. Conti and Prof. Francesconi

Appetite, as a word, come from the Latin appetitus, meaning "desire for.” Therefore, appetite can be defined as a pleasurable sensation or the desire to eat. This sensation is coordinated by several brain areas associated with reward processing such amygdala, hippocampus, ventral pallidum, nucleus accumbens and striatum, and others. [More]
Health strategies for families when traveling abroad with kids

Health strategies for families when traveling abroad with kids

Before your family heads to Mexico, Asia or beyond this summer, do a little planning to keep everyone healthy during their journey. Dr. Nava Yeganeh, an assistant professor of pediatric infectious diseases and director of the Pediatric International Travel and Adoption Clinic at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, explains three important strategies. [More]
Researchers to explore how Zika virus enters human cells

Researchers to explore how Zika virus enters human cells

A group of Western Illinois University student and faculty researchers are spending the summer conducting surveillance of tick-borne diseases and mosquito-borne arboviruses in regional counties. [More]
SLU to conduct human clinical trial of vaccine to protect people from Zika virus

SLU to conduct human clinical trial of vaccine to protect people from Zika virus

Saint Louis University's vaccine center has been tapped by the National Institutes of Health to conduct a human clinical trial of a vaccine to prevent the Zika virus, which can cause devastating birth defects in babies. [More]
Pre-existing dengue antibodies can intensify Zika virus infection

Pre-existing dengue antibodies can intensify Zika virus infection

Previous exposure to the dengue virus may increase the potency of Zika infection, according to research from Imperial College London. [More]
First CRISPR/Cas9 screen helps identify human proteins required for Zika virus replication

First CRISPR/Cas9 screen helps identify human proteins required for Zika virus replication

Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have performed the first CRISPR/Cas9 screen to discover human proteins that Zika virus needs for replication. [More]
Experts use next-generation genetic sequencing to diagnose suspected brain infections

Experts use next-generation genetic sequencing to diagnose suspected brain infections

In a proof-of-principle study, a team of physicians and bioinformatics experts at Johns Hopkins reports they were able to diagnose or rule out suspected brain infections using so called next-generation genetic sequencing of brain tissue samples. [More]
Fractional dosing approach could be used to control yellow fever outbreaks during vaccine shortages

Fractional dosing approach could be used to control yellow fever outbreaks during vaccine shortages

The yellow fever vaccine given as one fifth of the regular dose could be used to control an outbreak in case of vaccine shortages. [More]
Scientists identify potential drug target that disrupts Zika and similar viruses

Scientists identify potential drug target that disrupts Zika and similar viruses

Scientists potentially have found a way to disrupt Zika and similar viruses from spreading in the body. [More]
RVFV uses cancer pathway to hijack host cell and cause infection

RVFV uses cancer pathway to hijack host cell and cause infection

Viruses can't live without us -- literally. As obligate parasites, viruses need a host cell to survive and grow. Scientists are exploiting this characteristic by developing therapeutics that close off pathways necessary for viral infection, essentially stopping pathogens in their tracks. [More]
Emergence of multidrug-resistant salmonella strains increases burden of neglected diseases in Africa

Emergence of multidrug-resistant salmonella strains increases burden of neglected diseases in Africa

"The affected countries will have a major problem if we do not manage to control salmonella bloodstream infections with new antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin," cautions Prof Jürgen May. [More]
PharmaMar announces initiation of pivotal plitidepsin clinical trial in patients with T-cell lymphomas

PharmaMar announces initiation of pivotal plitidepsin clinical trial in patients with T-cell lymphomas

PharmaMar today announced the start of a multicenter, prospective, pivotal study to analyze the efficacy of the antitumoral compound of marine origin, plitidepsin in patients with relapsed and refractory angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. [More]
New receptor discovery could lead to novel mosquito repellents

New receptor discovery could lead to novel mosquito repellents

Major rainfall across most of Texas triggering hordes of mosquitos coupled with seemingly constant mosquito-related Zika virus media reports from around the globe may have set the stage perfectly for what one researcher deems as a very significant discovery in man's war against earth's leading human disease carrier. [More]
New model helps predict outbreaks of zoonotic diseases

New model helps predict outbreaks of zoonotic diseases

A model that predicts outbreaks of zoonotic diseases -- those originating in livestock or wildlife such as Ebola and Zika -- based on changes in climate, population growth and land use has been developed by a UCL-led team of researchers. [More]
Aspirin may increase likelihood of surviving colon cancer

Aspirin may increase likelihood of surviving colon cancer

It is well known that the drug ASA, also known internationally as Aspirin, has analgesic and fever-reducing properties. However, this drug may also increase the likelihood of surviving colon cancer. [More]
Utah researchers find way to use power of protease to destroy budding AIDS virus

Utah researchers find way to use power of protease to destroy budding AIDS virus

When new AIDS virus particles bud from an infected cell, an enzyme named protease activates to help the viruses mature and infect more cells. That's why modern AIDS drugs control the disease by inhibiting protease. [More]
Type 1 diabetes occurs more frequently in patients with JIA

Type 1 diabetes occurs more frequently in patients with JIA

The results of a study involving more than 9,000 patients, presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress showed that Type 1 diabetes occurs significantly more frequently in patients with Juvenile Inflammatory Arthritis (JIA) than in the general population. [More]
Pre-procedure medication regimen could lower incidence of hospital readmission in lung caner patients

Pre-procedure medication regimen could lower incidence of hospital readmission in lung caner patients

Researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine have found that putting liver cancer patients on a medication regimen prior to undergoing a certain treatment could lead to shorter hospital stays and less chance for readmission due to complications. [More]
Scientists explore effects of physiological fluid shear on dangerous type of Salmonella

Scientists explore effects of physiological fluid shear on dangerous type of Salmonella

Once inside the human body, infectious microbes like Salmonella face a fluid situation. They live in a watery world, surrounded by liquid continually flowing over and abrading their cell surfaces--a property known as fluid shear. [More]
Tanaka develops world's first kit to directly detect ZIKA virus in blood

Tanaka develops world's first kit to directly detect ZIKA virus in blood

Tanaka Holdings Co., Ltd. announced today that Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.K., which operates the Tanaka Precious Metals manufacturing business, has developed the world's first kit able to directly detect the ZIKA virus in blood. The kit is capable of rapid ZIKV detection in just 10 to 15 minutes. [More]
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