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Glutamine is an amino acid used in nutrition therapy. It is also being studied for the treatment of diarrhea caused by radiation therapy to the pelvis.
Researchers discover new metabolic mechanisms linked to macrophage polarization

Researchers discover new metabolic mechanisms linked to macrophage polarization

A group of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis, Agios Pharmaceuticals and ITMO University has discovered new metabolic mechanisms that regulate macrophage polarization - the unique ability of these immune cells to change their specialization depending on the required task. [More]
Metabolic derangement may facilitate cell proliferation in PAH

Metabolic derangement may facilitate cell proliferation in PAH

An enzyme that facilitates modification of proteins via a glucose metabolism pathway may promote cell proliferation in the lung tissue of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, say researchers. [More]
BeiGene chooses SAFC's CHOZN Platform to support oncology drug development

BeiGene chooses SAFC's CHOZN Platform to support oncology drug development

Sigma-Aldrich Corporation today announced that SAFC Commercial, its custom manufacturing services business unit, has entered a commercial sales and service contract with leading biopharmaceutical company, BeiGene. [More]
Sanford-Burnham researchers discover control mechanism for glutamine uptake in breast cancer cells

Sanford-Burnham researchers discover control mechanism for glutamine uptake in breast cancer cells

Researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute have discovered a mechanism that explains why some breast cancer tumors respond to specific chemotherapies and others do not. The findings highlight the level of glutamine, an essential nutrient for cancer development, as a determinant of breast cancer response to select anticancer therapies, and identify a marker associated with glutamine uptake, for potential prognosis and stratification of breast cancer therapy. [More]
New study may lead to novel drug target for treating lung cancer

New study may lead to novel drug target for treating lung cancer

A new study by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers suggests that targeting a key enzyme and its associated metabolic programming may lead to novel drug development to treat lung cancer. [More]
UAB Research Probes Molecular Basis Of Rare Genetic Disorder

UAB Research Probes Molecular Basis Of Rare Genetic Disorder

An international group co-led by University of Alabama at Birmingham researcher Mary MacDougall, Ph.D., has unraveled the molecular basis for the rare, inherited genetic disorder, Singleton-Merten Syndrome (SMS). Individuals with SMS develop extreme, life-threatening calcification of the aorta and heart valves, early-onset periodontitis and root resorption of the teeth, decreases in bone density, and loss of bone tissue at the tips of fingers and toes. [More]
Emerging strategies to boost healthy RBCs may reduce burden of anemia linked to blood disorders

Emerging strategies to boost healthy RBCs may reduce burden of anemia linked to blood disorders

Emerging treatment approaches may reduce the burden of anemia associated with blood disorders by enhancing production of healthy red blood cells, according to data presented today at the 56th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and Exposition. [More]
Scientists apply iPS cell technology to Huntington's disease transgenic monkey model

Scientists apply iPS cell technology to Huntington's disease transgenic monkey model

Creating induced pluripotent stem cells or iPS cells allows researchers to establish "disease in a dish" models of conditions ranging from Alzheimer's disease to diabetes. [More]
Research sheds light on role of hepatic mTORC1 in whole body physiology

Research sheds light on role of hepatic mTORC1 in whole body physiology

The protein mTOR is a central controller of growth and metabolism. Deregulation of mTOR signaling increases the risk of developing metabolic diseases such as diabetes, obesity and cancer. [More]
Receipt of nutrition via feeding tube may be harmful for ICU patients

Receipt of nutrition via feeding tube may be harmful for ICU patients

Among mechanically ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients, receipt of high-protein nutrition via a feeding tube enriched with immune-modulating nutrients (such as glutamine, omega-3 fatty acids, and antioxidants) vs standard high-protein nutrition did not result in a significant difference in the incidence of new complications and may be harmful, as suggested by an increased risk of death at 6 months, according to a study in the August 6 issue of JAMA. [More]
Research reveals structural differences of protein involved in Huntington's disease

Research reveals structural differences of protein involved in Huntington's disease

Neutron scattering research at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has revealed clear structural differences in the normal and pathological forms of a protein involved in Huntington's disease. [More]
Androgen sensitivity may contribute to hypertrichosis in girls

Androgen sensitivity may contribute to hypertrichosis in girls

Prepubertal girls with hypertrichosis are likely to have genetic variants of the androgen receptor known to be particularly sensitive to androgen, say researchers. [More]
New research shows how misfolded proteins are precisely selected for degradation

New research shows how misfolded proteins are precisely selected for degradation

It's almost axiomatic that misfolded proteins compromise how cells normally function and cause debilitating human disease, but how these proteins are detected and degraded within the body is not well understood. [More]
New study provides evidence that bacteria in gut may be linked to children with autism

New study provides evidence that bacteria in gut may be linked to children with autism

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have significantly different concentrations of certain bacterial-produced chemicals, called metabolites, in their feces compared to children without ASD. [More]
Study reveals how ovarian cancer metabolism changes between early, late stages

Study reveals how ovarian cancer metabolism changes between early, late stages

A Rice University-led analysis of the metabolic profiles of hundreds of ovarian tumors has revealed a new test to determine whether ovarian cancer cells have the potential to metastasize, or spread to other parts of the body. The study also suggests how ovarian cancer treatments can be tailored based on the metabolic profile of a particular tumor. [More]
Johns Hopkins neuroscientists identify cause of brain degeneration in Huntington's disease

Johns Hopkins neuroscientists identify cause of brain degeneration in Huntington's disease

Working with genetically engineered mice, Johns Hopkins neuroscientists report they have identified what they believe is the cause of the vast disintegration of a part of the brain called the corpus striatum in rodents and people with Huntington's disease: loss of the ability to make the amino acid cysteine. [More]
New drug is effective against superbug MRSA

New drug is effective against superbug MRSA

"I routinely call hospitals and request their yearly antibiotic susceptibility testing data," said Washington University in St. Louis' Timothy Wencewicz. "The log might say, for example, that they've treated hundreds of patients for Acinetobacter baumanni, a bacterium brought into U.S. hospitals by soldiers wounded in the Iraq war, with 30 different antibiotics. [More]
IRSF announces new research grants for translational research program and clinical trials

IRSF announces new research grants for translational research program and clinical trials

The International Rett Syndrome Foundation (IRSF) announces today ten (10) new research grants at leading global research institutions; a new Translational Research Program; and additional funding for current human clinical trials. [More]
More evidence for glutamate dysregulation in schizophrenia

More evidence for glutamate dysregulation in schizophrenia

Levels of glutamine, but not glutamate, are elevated in the dorsal anterior cingulate of patients with established schizophrenia, say researchers. [More]

Emmaus completes all patient visits for Phase 3 trial of L-glutamine for treatment of sickle cell disease

Emmaus Medical, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery, development and commercialization of innovative and cost-effective treatments and therapies primarily for rare and orphan diseases, today announced it has completed all patient visits for its Phase 3 clinical trial for the treatment of sickle cell disease. Emmaus expects top-line data from the Phase 3 clinical trial to be available in the first quarter of 2014. [More]
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