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South African study shows that person-to person transmission drives drug-resistant TB epidemics

South African study shows that person-to person transmission drives drug-resistant TB epidemics

A study published today in The New England Journal of Medicine provides compelling evidence that extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) is spread from person-to-person in the KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa from 2011-2014. [More]
Novel approach for imaging immune cell movements identifies initial steps in inflammatory arthritis

Novel approach for imaging immune cell movements identifies initial steps in inflammatory arthritis

Using a novel approach for imaging the movement of immune cells in living animals, researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Immunology and Inflammatory Diseases have identified what appear to be the initial steps leading to joint inflammation in a model of inflammatory arthritis. [More]
UCF researcher combines new and old science to create method for speedy medical tests

UCF researcher combines new and old science to create method for speedy medical tests

A UCF researcher has combined cutting-edge nanoscience with a magnetic phenomenon discovered more than 170 years ago to create a method for speedy medical tests. [More]
Public health experts support new federal rule to protect nonsmoking public housing residents

Public health experts support new federal rule to protect nonsmoking public housing residents

In response to a new federal rule mandating smoke-free policies in federally funded public housing authorities, three public health experts applaud the efforts of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to protect nonsmoking residents from the harmful effects of tobacco exposure. [More]
Salk Institute researchers reveal how to curb immune enthusiasm

Salk Institute researchers reveal how to curb immune enthusiasm

Normally when we think of viruses, from the common cold to HIV, we want to boost people's immunity to fight them. [More]
Study finds viruses communicating with one another

Study finds viruses communicating with one another

Viruses may be stealthy invaders, but a study at the Weizmann Institute of Science reveals a new, chatty side of some: for the first time, viruses have been found communicating with one another. [More]
New genital herpes vaccine candidate shows promising results in preclinical tests

New genital herpes vaccine candidate shows promising results in preclinical tests

Approximately 500 million people around the world are infected with the genital herpes virus known as herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2). [More]
MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to analyze circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment. [More]
Study shows evidence that person-to-person transmission drives spread of drug-resistant TB

Study shows evidence that person-to-person transmission drives spread of drug-resistant TB

A study published today in The New England Journal of Medicine provides compelling evidence that extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) is spread from person-to-person in the KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa from 2011-2014. [More]
Scientists find altered blood-brain barrier and increased intestinal permeability in people with ASD

Scientists find altered blood-brain barrier and increased intestinal permeability in people with ASD

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has the dubious distinction of being the fastest-growing developmental disability in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [More]
CeMM scientists develop new method by integrating CRISPR genome editing with single-cell sequencing

CeMM scientists develop new method by integrating CRISPR genome editing with single-cell sequencing

Genome editing using CRISPR/Cas9 "gene scissors" is a powerful tool for biological discovery and for identifying novel drug targets. [More]
Blocking molecular signaling pathway could prevent or reverse peripheral neuropathy

Blocking molecular signaling pathway could prevent or reverse peripheral neuropathy

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the University of Manitoba and St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre in Canada, have identified a molecular signaling pathway that, when blocked, promotes sensory neuron growth and prevents or reverses peripheral neuropathy in cell and rodent models of type 1 and 2 diabetes, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and HIV. [More]
Study shows clinical and psychosocial consequences following survival of Ebola infection

Study shows clinical and psychosocial consequences following survival of Ebola infection

The long-term clinical and social sequelae following survival of Ebola infection are unknown. [More]
Researchers test new HIV neutralising antibody in humans

Researchers test new HIV neutralising antibody in humans

A research team led by investigators of the Rockefeller University in New York and Prof Florian Klein, University Hospital Cologne and German Center for Infection Research, has tested a new HIV neutralising antibody, called 10-1074, in humans. [More]
Researchers discover role of neuron protein in learning abilities and AIDS-related dementia

Researchers discover role of neuron protein in learning abilities and AIDS-related dementia

Researchers from the University of California and Cardiff University have made a breakthrough in the understanding of AIDS-related dementia, discovering the role of a neuron protein which was also found to affect learning abilities in healthy subjects. [More]
Georgia State University, GeoVax join forces to advance development of Hepatitis B therapeutic vaccine

Georgia State University, GeoVax join forces to advance development of Hepatitis B therapeutic vaccine

The Georgia State University Research Foundation has entered into a research collaboration agreement with GeoVax Labs, Inc., a Georgia-based biotechnology company developing human vaccines, to advance development of a therapeutic vaccine for treatment of chronic Hepatitis B infections. [More]
Better fungal disease diagnostics could be critical to fight against antimicrobial resistance

Better fungal disease diagnostics could be critical to fight against antimicrobial resistance

Poor diagnosis worldwide of fungal disease causes doctors to overprescribe antibiotics, increasing harmful resistance to antimicrobial drugs, according to a paper published today in Emerging Infectious Diseases. [More]
Antiretroviral drugs may increase gay and bisexual men's susceptibility to syphilis

Antiretroviral drugs may increase gay and bisexual men's susceptibility to syphilis

The antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV infection might inadvertently be boosting gay/bisexual men's susceptibility to the bacteria responsible for syphilis, Treponema pallidum, conclude researchers in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. [More]
MGH researchers identify protein that may protect tumor-initiating cells in breast cancer

MGH researchers identify protein that may protect tumor-initiating cells in breast cancer

Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified a protein that may play an essential role in maintaining a population of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) -- treatment-resistant cells responsible for cancer recurrence and metastasis -- in breast cancer, as well as a compound that appears to reduce the molecule's ability to protect TICs from the effects of chemotherapy. [More]
Reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse coronary atherosclerosis

Reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse coronary atherosclerosis

People who use cocaine regularly are at high risk of coronary artery disease. A study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine, reports that stopping or reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse the process of coronary atherosclerosis. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
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