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New drug receives FDA approval to reduce risk of cardiovascular death in adults with diabetes

New drug receives FDA approval to reduce risk of cardiovascular death in adults with diabetes

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new indication for Jardiance (empagliflozin) to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. [More]
Report reveals hospitalization, mortality rates for kidney disease patients continue to decrease in the U.S.

Report reveals hospitalization, mortality rates for kidney disease patients continue to decrease in the U.S.

According to an annual data report from the United States Renal Data System, hospitalization and mortality rates for patients with chronic kidney disease continue to decline in the U.S. [More]
Hunter-gatherers in East Africa live active lifestyle that helps lower risk for heart disease

Hunter-gatherers in East Africa live active lifestyle that helps lower risk for heart disease

In a remote area of north-central Tanzania, men leave their huts on foot, armed with bows and poison-tipped arrows, to hunt for their next meal. [More]
NIH-supported first HIV vaccine efficacy study begins in South Africa

NIH-supported first HIV vaccine efficacy study begins in South Africa

The first HIV vaccine efficacy study to launch anywhere in seven years is now testing whether an experimental vaccine regimen safely prevents HIV infection among South African adults. [More]
Study examines frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms after LASIK surgery

Study examines frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms after LASIK surgery

In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Malvina Eydelman, M.D., of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Md., and colleagues examined the frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms, dry eye symptoms, satisfaction with vision, and satisfaction with laser insitu keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery in the Patient-Reported Outcomes With LASIK (PROWL) studies. [More]
Researchers sequence genome of parasitic worm that causes river blindness

Researchers sequence genome of parasitic worm that causes river blindness

Scientists have sequenced the genome of the parasitic worm responsible for causing onchocerciasis--an eye and skin infection more commonly known as river blindness. [More]
UMass researchers receive federal grant to improve health of low-income African-American men

UMass researchers receive federal grant to improve health of low-income African-American men

Researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst have been awarded a five-year, $2.3 million federal grant to study and build upon the success of an innovative program in Springfield, MA to improve the health of low-income African-American men. [More]
New study to examine effectiveness of old antibiotic drug for treating gonorrhea infections

New study to examine effectiveness of old antibiotic drug for treating gonorrhea infections

A new clinical research study seeks to determine whether a rapid molecular diagnostic test can reliably identify gonorrhea infections that may be successfully treated with a single dose of an older antibiotic, ciprofloxacin. [More]
New mouse model by FDA's scientists provides platform for improving understanding of Zika virus pathology

New mouse model by FDA's scientists provides platform for improving understanding of Zika virus pathology

A new mouse model developed by scientists at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration may help in exploring the potential activity of Zika virus vaccines and therapeutics. [More]
NIH researchers identify antibody that potently neutralizes 98% of HIV strains

NIH researchers identify antibody that potently neutralizes 98% of HIV strains

Scientists from the National Institutes of Health have identified an antibody from an HIV-infected person that potently neutralized 98 percent of HIV isolates tested, including 16 of 20 strains resistant to other antibodies of the same class. [More]
Study finds stable trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia rates

Study finds stable trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia rates

In a study published online by JAMA, Mark L. Metersky, M.D., of the UConn School of Medicine, Farmington, and colleagues analyzed trends in Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System ventilator-associated pneumonia rates from 2005 through 2013. [More]
Clinical study to test safety and ability of investigational Zika vaccine candidate begins

Clinical study to test safety and ability of investigational Zika vaccine candidate begins

The first of five early stage clinical trials to test the safety and ability of an investigational Zika vaccine candidate called the Zika Purified Inactivated Virus (ZPIV) vaccine to generate an immune system response has begun at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Clinical Trial Center in Silver Spring, Maryland. [More]
Gas-filled balloon capsules provide new low risk treatment option for patients with obesity

Gas-filled balloon capsules provide new low risk treatment option for patients with obesity

Patients with obesity who swallowed gas-filled balloon capsules designed to help them eat less, lost 1.9 times more weight than patients who relied on diet, exercise and lifestyle therapy alone, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
Novel brain-focused population health management program lowers depression severity

Novel brain-focused population health management program lowers depression severity

The Aging Brain Care Medical Home, a novel brain-focused population health management program implemented in the homes of older adults, lowered depression severity by more than 50 percent over six months according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University Center for Aging Research, IU Center for Health Innovation and Implementation Science, and Eskenazi Health. [More]
Study reveals long-term survival benefits of gastric bypass surgery in patients with severe obesity

Study reveals long-term survival benefits of gastric bypass surgery in patients with severe obesity

Patients with severe obesity who have gastric bypass surgery reduce their risk of dying from obesity and other diseases by 48 percent up to 10 years after surgery, compared to similar patients who do not undergo the procedure, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
Three low-carb meals in a day can reduce insulin resistance by more than 30%, U-M study shows

Three low-carb meals in a day can reduce insulin resistance by more than 30%, U-M study shows

Three low-carb meals within 24 hours lowers post-meal insulin resistance by more than 30 percent, but high-carb meals sustain insulin resistance, a condition that leads to high blood pressure, prediabetes and diabetes, according to a University of Michigan study. [More]
Consumption of one egg per day linked to 12% reduction of stroke risk

Consumption of one egg per day linked to 12% reduction of stroke risk

On the heels of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans that placed no daily limit on dietary cholesterol and noted eggs are an affordable, accessible, nutrient-rich source of high quality protein, new research shows eggs are associated with a 12 percent reduction in the risk of stroke, the 5th leading cause of death in the United States. [More]
Zika virus infection can break down and damage testes of male mice, new research shows

Zika virus infection can break down and damage testes of male mice, new research shows

New research in male mice has revealed that Zika virus infection can break down and severely damage the animals' testes. [More]
Researchers develop new, less invasive method to perform TAVR for treating aortic valve stenosis

Researchers develop new, less invasive method to perform TAVR for treating aortic valve stenosis

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have developed a new, less invasive way to perform transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a procedure widely used to treat aortic valve stenosis, a lethal heart condition. [More]
NIH researchers identify novel role for Hsp60 protein in tissue regeneration and wound healing

NIH researchers identify novel role for Hsp60 protein in tissue regeneration and wound healing

National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing. [More]
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