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U-M study: Nearly half of American hospitals not taking key steps to prevent C. diff infections

U-M study: Nearly half of American hospitals not taking key steps to prevent C. diff infections

Nearly half of American hospitals aren't taking key steps to prevent a kind of gut infection that kills nearly 30,000 people annually and sickens hundreds of thousands more - despite strong evidence that such steps work, according to a new study. [More]
Study finds no association between MMR vaccine and increased risk of autism

Study finds no association between MMR vaccine and increased risk of autism

In a study that included approximately 95,000 children with older siblings, receipt of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine was not associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), regardless of whether older siblings had ASD, findings that indicate no harmful association between receipt of MMR vaccine and ASD even among children already at higher risk for ASD, according to a study in the April 21 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on child health. [More]
Two existing drugs may potentially become new drug target for multiple sclerosis

Two existing drugs may potentially become new drug target for multiple sclerosis

Two drugs already on the market -- an antifungal and a steroid -- may potentially take on new roles as treatments for multiple sclerosis. According to a study published in Nature today, researchers discovered that these drugs may activate stem cells in the brain to stimulate myelin producing cells and repair white matter, which is damaged in multiple sclerosis. [More]
New study shows nicotine exposure promotes alcohol dependence

New study shows nicotine exposure promotes alcohol dependence

Why do smokers have a five to ten times greater risk of developing alcohol dependence than nonsmokers? Do smokers have a greater tendency toward addiction in general or does nicotine somehow reinforce alcohol consumption? Now, a study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute helps provide insight into these questions, showing that, in rat models, nicotine exposure actually promotes alcohol dependence. [More]
NIH-supported clinical trial to test statin use in patients with HIV-related cardiovascular disease

NIH-supported clinical trial to test statin use in patients with HIV-related cardiovascular disease

Researchers have begun enrolling participants in a multicenter international clinical trial to test whether statin administration can reduce the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, strokes, and heart disease, in people with HIV infection. The trial is supported by the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. [More]
STRIVE study to assess safety, efficacy of rVSV-ZEBOV candidate Ebola vaccine

STRIVE study to assess safety, efficacy of rVSV-ZEBOV candidate Ebola vaccine

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in partnership with the Sierra Leone College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences and the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation, is now enrolling and vaccinating volunteers for the Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola (STRIVE). [More]
Dependent coverage provision of ACA does not address racial disparities in trauma care

Dependent coverage provision of ACA does not address racial disparities in trauma care

The Affordable Care Act allowed millions of young adults to retain health care coverage through their parents' insurance plans, but new research finds that many young African-American and Hispanic adults who need coverage for trauma care may not get it. [More]
Broader use of psychological testing may improve process for social security disability determination

Broader use of psychological testing may improve process for social security disability determination

Broader use of standardized psychological testing for applicants submitting disability claims to the U.S. Social Security Administration should improve the accuracy and consistency of disability determinations, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine. [More]

UNICEF and OFC team up to support children affected by Pacific cyclones

From 11-14 March 2015, Tropical Cyclone Pam, with winds of up to Category 5, hit the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. At the same time, the Cyclone caused high waves to crash over atoll islands in Kiribati and the Solomon Islands. The super cyclone is one of the worst natural disasters in South Pacific history. [More]
NIAID funds nine research projects to advance rapid diagnostics tests for drug-resistant bacteria

NIAID funds nine research projects to advance rapid diagnostics tests for drug-resistant bacteria

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded more than $11 million in first-year funding for nine research projects supporting enhanced diagnostics to rapidly detect antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. [More]
Dependent care provision of ACA does not address racial gap in trauma care

Dependent care provision of ACA does not address racial gap in trauma care

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed millions of young adults to retain health care coverage through their parents' insurance plans, but new research finds that many young African-American and Hispanic adults who need coverage for trauma care may not get it. [More]
Children who eat certain types of food more likely to contract Epstein-Barr virus

Children who eat certain types of food more likely to contract Epstein-Barr virus

A new study by UNC Charlotte scholars is shedding light on the connection between diet and a common childhood disease. [More]
Phase 1 clinical trial: Anti-HIV antibody significantly decreases HIV levels

Phase 1 clinical trial: Anti-HIV antibody significantly decreases HIV levels

A single infusion of an experimental anti-HIV antibody called 3BNC117 resulted in significantly decreased HIV levels that persisted for as long as 28 days in HIV-infected individuals, according to Phase 1 clinical trial findings published online today in Nature. [More]
Exercise benefits obese, overweight people with NAFLD

Exercise benefits obese, overweight people with NAFLD

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the western world. A new study published in the Journal of Hepatology shows that exercise, regardless of frequency or intensity, benefits obese and overweight adults with NAFLD. [More]
Scientists identify rhinovirus C receptor associated with severe asthma attacks

Scientists identify rhinovirus C receptor associated with severe asthma attacks

Scientists funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, have identified a cellular receptor for rhinovirus C, a cold-causing virus that is strongly associated with severe asthma attacks. [More]
International travelers bring multidrug-resistant shigellosis to the US

International travelers bring multidrug-resistant shigellosis to the US

International travelers are bringing a multidrug-resistant intestinal illness to the United States and spreading it to others who have not traveled, according to a report released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [More]
EnteroMedics, American HealthCare Lending partner to support patient access to vBloc Therapy

EnteroMedics, American HealthCare Lending partner to support patient access to vBloc Therapy

EnteroMedics Inc., the developer of medical devices using neuroblocking technology to treat obesity, metabolic diseases and other gastrointestinal disorders, today announced that the Company has entered into a partnership with American HealthCare Lending to provide funding for patient access to vBloc Therapy, delivered via the Maestro Rechargeable System, for the treatment of obesity. [More]
Aspen Dental to open five new locations in Arkansas in 2015

Aspen Dental to open five new locations in Arkansas in 2015

Access to dental care in Arkansas is about to get a healthy boost with the addition of five new Aspen Dental–branded practices, the first of which will open in Searcy and Jonesboro on Thursday, April 9. [More]
BPC launches new Health and Housing Task Force to meet the needs of aging U.S. population

BPC launches new Health and Housing Task Force to meet the needs of aging U.S. population

The Bipartisan Policy Center today launched its new Health and Housing Task Force, designed to help policymakers meet the needs of the United States' aging population. BPC believes that stable, affordable housing can improve health outcomes and reduce costs imposed on the health care system, particularly for the majority of seniors who wish to age in place. [More]
Two experimental Ebola vaccines appear to be safe in PREVAIL clinical trial in Liberia

Two experimental Ebola vaccines appear to be safe in PREVAIL clinical trial in Liberia

Two experimental Ebola vaccines appear to be safe based on evaluation in more than 600 people in Liberia who participated in the first stage of the Partnership for Research on Ebola Vaccines in Liberia (PREVAIL) Phase 2/3 clinical trial, according to interim findings from an independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board review. [More]
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