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New approach uses silicon-based photonic probe to deliver light deep within brain tissues

New approach uses silicon-based photonic probe to deliver light deep within brain tissues

The ability to stimulate neural circuits with very high precision light to control cells -- optogenetics -- is key to exciting advances in the study and mapping of the living brain. [More]
Ground-breaking study to explore effectiveness of using pre-hospital blood products

Ground-breaking study to explore effectiveness of using pre-hospital blood products

University of Warwick is collaborating with researchers at the NIHR Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre to support a ground-breaking new study to investigate the effectiveness of giving patients blood products immediately after a major injury or trauma - before they reach hospital. [More]
Survey: Only 1 in 3 patients discusses symptoms of hyperglycaemia with nurse or doctor

Survey: Only 1 in 3 patients discusses symptoms of hyperglycaemia with nurse or doctor

Only 1 in 3 discussed symptoms of high blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia) with their nurse or doctor, according to a new survey of 200 people living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, who need mealtime insulin to control their blood glucose levels. [More]
Empa researchers developing solution to magnetically remove bacteria from blood

Empa researchers developing solution to magnetically remove bacteria from blood

Blood poisoning is still fatal in more than 50% of cases, but can be cured if treated at an early stage. The highest priority is therefore to act quickly. [More]
Scientists find novel way for earlier detection of deadly Merkel cell carcinoma

Scientists find novel way for earlier detection of deadly Merkel cell carcinoma

Scientists have found a way to detect earlier if a deadly cancer, Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), is recurring in patients, according to a paper to be published 11 a.m. Eastern time, Dec. 7, in the journal Cancer. [More]
New discovery paves way to development of biochemical test for diagnosing Parkinson's disease

New discovery paves way to development of biochemical test for diagnosing Parkinson's disease

Misfolded proteins associated with Parkinson's disease were detected in cerebrospinal fluid by scientists at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, paving the way to development of a biochemical test to diagnosis the disease. [More]
Mount Sinai introduces first-ever Coursera course on HPV-associated oral and throat cancer

Mount Sinai introduces first-ever Coursera course on HPV-associated oral and throat cancer

Mount Sinai's Departments of Academic Informatics and Technology and Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, in conjunction with the Office of Continuing Medical Education at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, have launched the first-ever Coursera course on HPV-associated oral and throat cancer. [More]
Tips to manage stress during holidays

Tips to manage stress during holidays

It's the holiday season, that stressful, hyperactive rollercoaster rush from Thanksgiving to New Years that hardly allows a moment for us to catch our breath. [More]
Signaling pathway in fat cells may provide key to better treatments for obesity, Penn research finds

Signaling pathway in fat cells may provide key to better treatments for obesity, Penn research finds

A signaling pathway in fat cells may one day provide the key to better treatments for obesity, according to new research by scientists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Tufts scientists discover reason for incidence of genetic error that causes many disorders

Tufts scientists discover reason for incidence of genetic error that causes many disorders

Tufts University researchers have discovered a possible explanation for the occurrence of a genetic error that causes over a dozen neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease, myotonic dystrophy and forms of spinocerebellar ataxia. [More]
UMass researchers develop new class of photodynamic molecules for treating deep-tissue tumors

UMass researchers develop new class of photodynamic molecules for treating deep-tissue tumors

UMass Medical School scientist Gang Han, PhD, and his team have designed a new class of molecules used in photodynamic therapy that are able to direct lamp light deep into tissue to kill cancer tumors. [More]
New Penn research shows optimal available method for inducing labor in pregnant women

New Penn research shows optimal available method for inducing labor in pregnant women

Labor induction is one of the most common medical procedures in the world, with nearly one-quarter of women who deliver in the U.S. undergoing the procedure each year. [More]
MUSC researchers harness cutting-edge technology to uncover new role for pericytes during stroke

MUSC researchers harness cutting-edge technology to uncover new role for pericytes during stroke

Pericytes are the primary locus of matrix-mellaproteinase-9-dependent (MMP-9) capillary damage and blood leakage during ischemia, according to preclinical findings reported by Medical University of South Carolina investigators in an article published online on November 14, 2016 by The Journal of Neuroscience. [More]
UC Riverside scientists identify mechanism that creates immunity to influenza A virus

UC Riverside scientists identify mechanism that creates immunity to influenza A virus

A team of researchers, co-led by a University of California, Riverside professor, has found a long-sought-after mechanism in human cells that creates immunity to influenza A virus, which causes annual seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics. [More]
Alpha blockers benefit patients with larger kidney stones

Alpha blockers benefit patients with larger kidney stones

Nearly one in 11 Americans will have a kidney stone in their lifetime, causing pain, sometimes missed work and, often, a lot of money. [More]
Scientists discover unique genomic changes integral to testicular cancer development

Scientists discover unique genomic changes integral to testicular cancer development

Researchers led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute say they have identified unique genomic changes that may be integral to testicular cancer development and explain why the great majority are highly curable with chemotherapy - unlike most solid tumors. [More]
New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

Although the hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) - such as involuntary shaking, slowness of movement and muscle rigidity - are related to movement, recent evidence has suggested that memory impairment plays an outsized role in diminished quality of life and the burden placed on caregivers. [More]
Treatment with biosimilar drug improves progression-free survival in breast cancer patients

Treatment with biosimilar drug improves progression-free survival in breast cancer patients

Among women with metastatic breast cancer, treatment with a drug that is biosimilar to the breast cancer drug trastuzumab resulted in an equivalent overall response rate at 24 weeks compared with trastuzumab, according to a study published online by JAMA. [More]
Study finds no changes in overall rates of suicide attempts and patterns

Study finds no changes in overall rates of suicide attempts and patterns

Johns Hopkins investigators report that their analysis of a national database representing more than 1 billion emergency department visits shows that over a recent eight-year period, nothing much has changed in the rates of unsuccessful suicide attempts, or in the age, gender, seasonal timing or means used by those who tried to take their lives in the United States. [More]
MSHS introduces DigniCap scalp cooling system to reduce chemotherapy-induced hair loss

MSHS introduces DigniCap scalp cooling system to reduce chemotherapy-induced hair loss

The Mount Sinai Health System announced the launch of the DigniCap scalp cooling system, which was recently cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reduce the likelihood of chemotherapy-induced hair loss in women with breast cancer, in three of its cancer center locations. [More]
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