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New book details role of astrocytes in epileptic brain tissue

New book details role of astrocytes in epileptic brain tissue

Present throughout human history, epilepsy is a devastating group of neurological disorders characterized by periodic and unpredictable seizure activity in the brain. [More]
Flow diversion shows high rate of visual improvement in patients with paraclinoid aneurysms

Flow diversion shows high rate of visual improvement in patients with paraclinoid aneurysms

Aneurysms of the paraclinoid region of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the interventions used to treat them often result in visual impairment. [More]
Study shows physicians accept shaken baby syndrome, abusive head trauma as valid diagnoses

Study shows physicians accept shaken baby syndrome, abusive head trauma as valid diagnoses

Survey data reveals a high degree of medical consensus that shaking a young child is capable of producing subdural hematoma (a life-threatening pooling of blood outside the brain), severe retinal hemorrhage, coma or death, according to a study published in The Journal of Pediatrics. [More]
Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

New findings published today by a team of researchers led by Dr. Andres Lozano at the Krembil Neuroscience Centre of Toronto Western Hospital have provided further insight into the effects of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. [More]
Study finds no increased risk for parkinsonism linked to use of gadolinium in MRIs

Study finds no increased risk for parkinsonism linked to use of gadolinium in MRIs

A new study from Lawson Health Research Institute and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences has cast doubt on the clinical significance of brain deposits of gadolinium. [More]
Scientists discover novel genetic mutation linked to osteonecrosis of femoral head

Scientists discover novel genetic mutation linked to osteonecrosis of femoral head

Scientists at the Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre have discovered a new genetic mutation linked to osteonecrosis of the hip, specifically the femoral head - the spherical-shaped mass at the top of the femur. [More]
New opioid use among older adults with COPD linked to increased risk for respiratory-related death

New opioid use among older adults with COPD linked to increased risk for respiratory-related death

Older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who start using opioids have a more than two-fold higher risk of dying from a respiratory-related complication compared to non-opioid users, St. Michael's Hospital researchers have found. [More]
HANS device helps prevent fatal craniovertebral junction injuries in racecar drivers

HANS device helps prevent fatal craniovertebral junction injuries in racecar drivers

Before 2001, catastrophic craniovertebral junction (CVJ) injuries were the most common cause of death to drivers in the fast-paced sport of professional car racing. That changed with the development and implementation of the HANS (Head and Neck Support) device and similar restraints. [More]
Review highlights lack of consistent assessment tool to assess driving ability in people with Alzheimer's

Review highlights lack of consistent assessment tool to assess driving ability in people with Alzheimer's

No single assessment tool is able to consistently determine driving ability in people with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment, a St. Michael's Hospital research review has found. [More]
Study provides more insights into abusive head injury in small children

Study provides more insights into abusive head injury in small children

Abusive head injury, sometimes referred to as shaken baby syndrome or non-accidental trauma, is the third leading cause of head injuries in small children in the US. For children under the age of 1 year, it is the cause of the majority of serious head injuries. [More]
UCLA researchers develop new combination therapy to activate immune response against glioblastoma

UCLA researchers develop new combination therapy to activate immune response against glioblastoma

UCLA researchers have developed a new breakthrough combination treatment that utilizes a vaccine to activate an immune response against advanced brain tumors. [More]
Clinical trial to test low-dose heparin treatment for patients with ruptured brain aneurysm

Clinical trial to test low-dose heparin treatment for patients with ruptured brain aneurysm

A Louisville patient is the first to be enrolled in a national clinical trial to test a new treatment for patients who have suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm. [More]
Rapid number naming test can detect cognitively impaired people with AD

Rapid number naming test can detect cognitively impaired people with AD

For the first time, researchers have determined that a brief, simple number naming test can differentiate between cognitively healthy elderly individuals and cognitively impaired people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), including those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), as well as those with AD dementia. [More]
ADAPT technique offers promising outcomes for stroke patients with large-vessel clots

ADAPT technique offers promising outcomes for stroke patients with large-vessel clots

In an article published online April 16, 2016 by the Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina report promising 90-day outcomes for stroke patients with large-vessel clots who underwent thrombectomy or clot removal using the direct-aspiration, first pass technique. [More]
Researcher receives federal grant to advance study of tumor nanoimmunology

Researcher receives federal grant to advance study of tumor nanoimmunology

The five-year grant was awarded by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. The funds come on top of four previous grants to support Ljubimova's work. In all, the institute has awarded Ljubimova $16.5 million over the last five years. [More]
High levels of zinc may lead to kidney stone formation

High levels of zinc may lead to kidney stone formation

David Killilea, PhD, a staff scientist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute- the research arm of UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland - co-authored a study into the causes of kidney stones. [More]
Researchers seek to develop novel antibody to treat glioblastoma

Researchers seek to develop novel antibody to treat glioblastoma

Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Munich University Hospital are developing a novel antibody to treat brain tumors. [More]
Pipeline Embolization Device safe, effective for treatment of complex brain aneurysms

Pipeline Embolization Device safe, effective for treatment of complex brain aneurysms

A recently introduced technology called the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) can provide a less-invasive approach for difficult-to-treat aneurysms of the arteries supplying blood to the front of the brain, reports a study in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
Simple model can help predict complication risks after surgery for CSM

Simple model can help predict complication risks after surgery for CSM

A simple model consisting of four risk factors can help surgeons to predict the risk of complications after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM)—a common condition causing compression of the spinal cord in the neck, reports a study in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
Caribbean, African-born women more likely to be admitted at ICU during delivery

Caribbean, African-born women more likely to be admitted at ICU during delivery

Women born in the Caribbean or Africa are two times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit at the time of their delivery than Canadian-born women, a new study has found. [More]
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