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Gynecology and obstetrics are twin subjects that deal with the female reproductive system. While obstetrics deals with pregnancy and its associated procedures and complications, gynaecology involves treating women who are not pregnant.
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New research provides insight into how estrogen modulates fear learning

New research provides insight into how estrogen modulates fear learning

Low estrogen levels may make women more susceptible to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some points in their menstrual cycles or lifetimes, while high estrogen levels may be protective. [More]
Study compares two common treatment options for pelvic organ prolapse

Study compares two common treatment options for pelvic organ prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs drop from their normal position in the pelvis. [More]
Natural pre-pregnancy progesterone benefits women with history of unexplained miscarriages

Natural pre-pregnancy progesterone benefits women with history of unexplained miscarriages

Women who have had two or more unexplained miscarriages can benefit from natural progesterone treatment before pregnancy, a new a study shows. [More]
Repeat cesarean delivery may result in excess morbidity and cost, UAB review shows

Repeat cesarean delivery may result in excess morbidity and cost, UAB review shows

A systematic review from the University of Alabama at Birmingham shows that routinely opting for a repeat cesarean delivery over first attempting a vaginal delivery may result in excess morbidity and cost from a population perspective for women with a prior low transverse incision cesarean delivery who are likely to have a successful vaginal delivery. [More]
Penn study reveals key factors that influence treatment choices in women suffering miscarriage

Penn study reveals key factors that influence treatment choices in women suffering miscarriage

How women make decisions about treatment while suffering a miscarriage, and the key factors that influence their choices, are revealed in a study published in Obstetrics & Gynecology from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Progesterone hormone could offer hope for women who suffer multiple pregnancy losses

Progesterone hormone could offer hope for women who suffer multiple pregnancy losses

For women who suffer multiple pregnancy losses in the first four to six weeks of gestation, the hormone progesterone could offer hope for a successful birth, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues at University of Illinois at Chicago. [More]
Premature infants show changes in neural systems prior to birth, new study suggests

Premature infants show changes in neural systems prior to birth, new study suggests

Even before they are born, premature babies may display alterations in the circuitry of their developing brains, according to a first-of-its kind research study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues at the National Institutes of Health and Wayne State University. [More]
Uterine microbiome study provides important insights into etiology of endometrial cancer

Uterine microbiome study provides important insights into etiology of endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer triggers remain elusive, despite continued research. But given the typical inflammatory profile in these cases, microbes in the uterine environment are suspected to play a role in the development of this disease. [More]
New report proposes updated revisions to WIC for better adherence to Dietary Guidelines for Americans

New report proposes updated revisions to WIC for better adherence to Dietary Guidelines for Americans

A new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine proposes updated revisions to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children to better align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and promote and support breast-feeding. [More]
Mutations linked to endometrial cancer can be detected in uterine lavage fluid, study reveals

Mutations linked to endometrial cancer can be detected in uterine lavage fluid, study reveals

Mutations that have been linked to endometrial cancer can be found in the uterine lavage fluid of pre- and post-menopausal women both with and without detectable cancer, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine by John Martignetti from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA, and colleagues. [More]
Study discovers critical function of mother's immune cells in resisting preterm birth

Study discovers critical function of mother's immune cells in resisting preterm birth

Preterm birth -- birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy -- affects up to one in every six births in the United States and many other countries. [More]
Surgery within first two weeks after diagnosis increases risk of death for some endometrial cancer patients

Surgery within first two weeks after diagnosis increases risk of death for some endometrial cancer patients

Delaying surgery after a diagnosis of uterine cancer can increase a women's risk of death, but operating too soon can be just as detrimental for some, Penn Medicine physicians report in a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. [More]
Researchers explore kidney biomarkers to track lupus progression

Researchers explore kidney biomarkers to track lupus progression

Lupus, a chronic autoimmune disease, can wreak havoc on an affected individual's body through inflammation, pain and even damage of the skin, joints and organs. [More]
Socioeconomic status could affect use of contraceptives among young women

Socioeconomic status could affect use of contraceptives among young women

The use of contraceptives has increased among young women in Gothenburg, but not in areas that are socially vulnerable. This is the finding from a long-term study from Sahlgrenska Academy spanning four generations of young women. [More]
Study reveals self-harm is leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado

Study reveals self-harm is leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado

Self-harm was the leading cause of pregnancy-associated deaths in Colorado from 2004 to 2014, ahead of car crashes, medical conditions and homicide, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. [More]
Endometrial microbiota play vital role in determining reproductive outcome in women undergoing IVF

Endometrial microbiota play vital role in determining reproductive outcome in women undergoing IVF

Endometrial microbiota (bacteria in the uterine cavity) play an important role in determining whether women are able to get pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. [More]
New Penn research shows optimal available method for inducing labor in pregnant women

New Penn research shows optimal available method for inducing labor in pregnant women

Labor induction is one of the most common medical procedures in the world, with nearly one-quarter of women who deliver in the U.S. undergoing the procedure each year. [More]
New report highlights global burden of maternal, newborn and young child deaths

New report highlights global burden of maternal, newborn and young child deaths

Today FIGO, ICM, ICN and IPA announce the publication of a report showing the global burden of maternal, newborn and young child deaths and launch the Together We Can campaign to tackle it. [More]
Japanese researchers discover new method for predicting congenital CMV infection in fetuses

Japanese researchers discover new method for predicting congenital CMV infection in fetuses

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause serious complications such as hearing difficulties and mental retardation in affected infants. [More]
Einstein researcher receives $7.5 million NIH grant to study genetics of congenital heart disease

Einstein researcher receives $7.5 million NIH grant to study genetics of congenital heart disease

The National Institutes of Health has awarded Bernice Morrow, Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and collaborators at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia a five-year, $7.5 million grant to study the genetics of congenital heart abnormalities. [More]
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