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An oncogene is a gene that, when mutated or expressed at high levels, helps turn a normal cell into a tumor cell.
Researchers identify non-protein-coding RNA whose expression linked to ovarian cancer

Researchers identify non-protein-coding RNA whose expression linked to ovarian cancer

Over the years researchers have made tremendous strides in the understanding and treatment of cancer by searching genomes for links between genetic alterations and disease. [More]
Genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely driving force behind human skin cancers

Genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely driving force behind human skin cancers

A genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely the driving force behind millions of human skin cancers, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. [More]
Combination miRNA therapy offers promising therapeutic avenue for non-small-cell lung cancer

Combination miRNA therapy offers promising therapeutic avenue for non-small-cell lung cancer

Micro RNAs (miRNA) have recently emerged as key therapeutic agents against cancers and are actively being evaluated in pre-clinical models of various cancers as well as in human clinical trials. [More]
Clinical trial to assess safety and efficacy of novel monoclonal antibody for CLL patients

Clinical trial to assess safety and efficacy of novel monoclonal antibody for CLL patients

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, in partnership with the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) and Celgene Corporation, a New Jersey-based biopharmaceutical company, have launched a phase 1 human clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of a novel monoclonal antibody for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). [More]
Internal production of hydrogen peroxide can lead cells to exit cell cycle and become senescent

Internal production of hydrogen peroxide can lead cells to exit cell cycle and become senescent

What happens inside cells when they detect the activation of a cancer-inducing gene? Sometimes, cells are able to signal internally to stop the cell cycle. Such cells are able to enter, at least for a time, a protective non-growth state. [More]
Scientists discover predictive marker to classify breast cancer patients for effective treatment

Scientists discover predictive marker to classify breast cancer patients for effective treatment

Scientists have made it easier to predict both breast cancer relapses and responses to chemotherapy, through the identification of a unique gene. The newly found marker could help doctors classify each breast cancer patient and customise a treatment regimen that is more effective. [More]
Research offers promise for personalized RNA combination therapies to treat lung cancer

Research offers promise for personalized RNA combination therapies to treat lung cancer

Small RNA molecules, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), offer tremendous potential for new therapeutic agents to inhibit cancer cell growth. However, delivering these small RNAs to solid tumors remains a significant challenge, as the RNAs must target the correct cells and avoid being broken down by enzymes in the body. [More]
Researchers gain rare insight into pregnancy-associated breast cancer

Researchers gain rare insight into pregnancy-associated breast cancer

During pregnancy, certain hormones trigger specialized mammary stem cells to create milk-producing cells essential to lactation. [More]
MIT researchers generate liver tumors in adult mice

MIT researchers generate liver tumors in adult mice

Sequencing the genomes of tumor cells has revealed thousands of mutations associated with cancer. One way to discover the role of these mutations is to breed a strain of mice that carry the genetic flaw — but breeding such mice is an expensive, time-consuming process. [More]
Researchers find molecule that irreversibly interferes with activity of mutated cancer gene

Researchers find molecule that irreversibly interferes with activity of mutated cancer gene

UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer researchers have found a molecule that selectively and irreversibly interferes with the activity of a mutated cancer gene common in 30 percent of tumors. [More]
Cancer researchers find molecule that irreversibly interferes with KRAS gene

Cancer researchers find molecule that irreversibly interferes with KRAS gene

UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer researchers have found a molecule that selectively and irreversibly interferes with the activity of a mutated cancer gene common in 30 percent of tumors. [More]
TAZ represents a novel therapeutic target in NSCLC

TAZ represents a novel therapeutic target in NSCLC

Patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who express high levels of transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif may be a clinically distinct subgroup with an unfavourable prognosis, researchers report. [More]
Chemoprevention and colon cancer: an interview with Dr. John Letterio, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine

Chemoprevention and colon cancer: an interview with Dr. John Letterio, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine

The basic idea of cancer chemopre­vention is to arrest or reverse the progression of pre­malignant cells towards full malignancy, using physiological mechanisms that do not kill healthy cells. [More]
TCGA finds novel mutations in key cancer-causing pathway in lung adenocarcinoma

TCGA finds novel mutations in key cancer-causing pathway in lung adenocarcinoma

Researchers from The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network have identified novel mutations in a well-known cancer-causing pathway in lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of lung cancer. [More]
Discovery points the way to potential new strategies to treat blood disorders

Discovery points the way to potential new strategies to treat blood disorders

Like a line of falling dominos, a cascade of molecular events in the bone marrow produces high levels of inflammation that disrupt normal blood formation and lead to potentially deadly disorders including leukemia, an Indiana University-led research team has reported. [More]

Cyclin D protein activates key tumor suppressor

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say a protein essential to regulating cell cycle progression - the process of cell division and replication - activates a key tumor suppressor, rather than inactivating it as previously thought. [More]
UCSB researchers explore genetic underpinnings of nerve-cell spacing

UCSB researchers explore genetic underpinnings of nerve-cell spacing

The functional organization of the central nervous system depends upon a precise architecture and connectivity of distinct types of neurons. [More]
NCL collaborates with PeptiMed to evaluate safety and efficacy of nanocomplex materials

NCL collaborates with PeptiMed to evaluate safety and efficacy of nanocomplex materials

PeptiMed announced today that under a Material Transfer Agreement it will collaborate with the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL), located at the Frederick National Laboratory of Cancer Research in Frederick, MD. [More]
Yap1 oncogene drives recurrence and progression of pancreatic cancer

Yap1 oncogene drives recurrence and progression of pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer tumors addicted to mutant Kras signaling for their growth and progression have a ready-made substitute to tap if they're ever forced to go cold-turkey on the mutant oncogene, scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in the journal Cell. [More]
Researchers discover crucial process that regulates development of blood vessels

Researchers discover crucial process that regulates development of blood vessels

Biologists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a crucial process that regulates the development of blood vessels. [More]