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Aflatoxin exposure can weaken airways' defenses opening door for severe respiratory diseases

Aflatoxin exposure can weaken airways' defenses opening door for severe respiratory diseases

Toxins from mold found growing on nuts or corn can weaken the airways' self-clearing mechanisms and immunity, opening the door for respiratory diseases and exacerbating existing ones, suggests a study in Nature Scientific Reports published this month from otolaryngology researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
New open access journal covers latest research on diseases affecting the head and neck areas

New open access journal covers latest research on diseases affecting the head and neck areas

The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation is pleased to announce that OTO Open, the Academy's new and official open access journal will be joining the Academy's premier journal, Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, both published by SAGE Publishing. [More]
TransOral Robotic Surgery may provide good outcomes, survival for oropharyngeal cancer patients

TransOral Robotic Surgery may provide good outcomes, survival for oropharyngeal cancer patients

A new study from researchers at Henry Ford Hospital finds an incisionless robotic surgery - done alone or in conjunction with chemotherapy or radiation - may offer oropharyngeal cancer patients good outcomes and survival, without significant pain and disfigurement. [More]
Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have discovered a new mutation in a highly antibiotic-resistant strain of E. coli that resists clearance by the body's own immune system by inhibiting white blood cells that ordinarily kill and remove bacteria. [More]
Noise levels in nightclubs may induce hearing loss

Noise levels in nightclubs may induce hearing loss

A new study raises concerns about the noise level in nightclubs. Researchers in Southern California have found that the average continuous level of noise in some nightclubs is at least 91.2 dBA (A-weighted decibels). [More]
UTSW surgeons remove acoustic neuromas through small incisions in the ear canals

UTSW surgeons remove acoustic neuromas through small incisions in the ear canals

A surgical team at UT Southwestern Medical Center is helping to pioneer a new minimally invasive procedure that extracts vertigo-inducing tumors from the inner ear without having to remove a large piece of skull, as is usually required. [More]
Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as "neural crest-derived progenitor cells") in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely — often leading to blindness. [More]
Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School have found that patients who were prescribed corticosteroids as part of treatment for Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis had worse long-term outcomes of regaining facial function than those who were prescribed antibiotic therapy alone. [More]
Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

A contact lens designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye could improve outcomes for patients with conditions requiring treatment with eye drops, which are often imprecise and difficult to self-administer. [More]
New device uses shortwave infrared light to improve diagnosis of ear infections

New device uses shortwave infrared light to improve diagnosis of ear infections

A new device developed by researchers at MIT and a physician at Connecticut Children's Medical Center could greatly improve doctors' ability to accurately diagnose ear infections. [More]

Study reports significant under-use of topical INS therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis patients

Topical intranasal steroid therapy continues to be underused for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) despite practice guidelines that recommend daily use, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. [More]
Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have identified new underlying mechanisms of proptosis, or bulging of the eyes, in patients with acute thyroid eye disease. [More]
Innovative program shows promise in helping deaf, hard-of-hearing children gain literacy skills

Innovative program shows promise in helping deaf, hard-of-hearing children gain literacy skills

Those can be some of the most powerful words in the development of any child's ability to read and write. [More]
Study finds high prevalence of tinnitus among adolescents

Study finds high prevalence of tinnitus among adolescents

Teenagers are increasingly experiencing tinnitus, often a symptom of hearing loss, as a result of using ear buds to listen to music for long periods every day, as well as frequenting very noisy places like nightclubs, discos and rock concerts, according to a study performed in Brazil. [More]
Scientists find link between makeup of individual's microbiome and head and neck cancer

Scientists find link between makeup of individual's microbiome and head and neck cancer

In a sample study, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have found an association between the makeup of an individual's microbiome and head and neck cancer, a finding that potentially advances the quest for faster and more accurate cancer diagnosis and therapy. [More]
Researchers seek to develop novel antibody to treat glioblastoma

Researchers seek to develop novel antibody to treat glioblastoma

Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Munich University Hospital are developing a novel antibody to treat brain tumors. [More]
Few simple tips to prevent, treat swimmer’s ear

Few simple tips to prevent, treat swimmer’s ear

For many kids, spending hours in the water this summer can bring on a painful infection of the external ear canal called swimmer's ear. [More]
Simple blood test can help track rising levels of eosinophils linked to regrowth of sinus polyps

Simple blood test can help track rising levels of eosinophils linked to regrowth of sinus polyps

In an effort to identify a simple, reliable way to track the course of nasal polyps in chronic sinus disease, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they've linked rising levels of immune system white blood cells, called eosinophils, with regrowth of polyps removed by surgery. [More]
Tips to keep children safe at kiddie pools

Tips to keep children safe at kiddie pools

Big backyard swimming pools aren't the only source of drownings. Those seemingly safe small, inflatable "kiddie" pools can be just as dangerous. [More]
Researchers use high-power prisms to design new eyeglasses to expand visual fields of hemianopia patients

Researchers use high-power prisms to design new eyeglasses to expand visual fields of hemianopia patients

Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Harvard Medical School have designed three new eyeglasses using high-power prisms to optimally expand the visual fields of patients with hemianopia, a condition in which the visual fields of both eyes are cut by half. [More]
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