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Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Three-way partnership launches Australia’s first eICU monitoring program for high-risk patients

Three-way partnership launches Australia’s first eICU monitoring program for high-risk patients

Royal Philips, Macquarie University’s MQ Health in Sydney and Emory Healthcare in Atlanta, Georgia (US), today announced the launch of Australia’s first - and only - remote intensive care unit (eICU) monitoring program, to improve the outcomes of high risk patients in most need of ‘round-the-clock’ observation. [More]
CUMC researchers uncover new details of intracellular channel that controls skeletal muscle

CUMC researchers uncover new details of intracellular channel that controls skeletal muscle

Using high-resolution electron microscopy, Columbia University Medical Center researchers have uncovered new details of the structure and function of an intracellular channel that controls the contraction of skeletal muscle. [More]
ATA announces winner of John B. Stanbury Thyroid Pathophysiology Medal

ATA announces winner of John B. Stanbury Thyroid Pathophysiology Medal

The American Thyroid Association will present the John B. Stanbury Thyroid Pathophysiology Medal to Kenneth D. Burman, M.D. at the ATA's 86th Annual Meeting, September 21-25, 2016, in Denver, Colorado. [More]
TSRI scientists shed light on molecular workings of MS drug

TSRI scientists shed light on molecular workings of MS drug

A study by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has helped to de-mystify the molecular workings of the multiple sclerosis (MS) drug Tecfidera. The drug is the most widely prescribed pill-based therapy for MS, but its biological mechanism remains mysterious. [More]
Duke researchers discover blood markers linked to drug-resistant tumor cells

Duke researchers discover blood markers linked to drug-resistant tumor cells

While searching for a non-invasive way to detect prostate cancer cells circulating in blood, Duke Cancer Institute researchers have identified some blood markers associated with tumor resistance to two common hormone therapies. [More]
Scientists create new scale to measure beliefs about sleep and pain in long-term pain patients

Scientists create new scale to measure beliefs about sleep and pain in long-term pain patients

'I won't be able to cope with my pain if I don't sleep well' - research from the University of Warwick reveals that the way chronic pain patients think about pain and sleep leads to insomnia and poor management of pain. [More]
MR Solutions receives order for cryogen-free 7T simultaneous PET-MR preclinical imaging system

MR Solutions receives order for cryogen-free 7T simultaneous PET-MR preclinical imaging system

MR Solutions has received an order for a high-powered 7T, cryogen-free, preclinical PET-MRI multi-modality imaging system from the newly formed pre-clinical imaging resource at the Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute (ZNI) at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC). [More]
Training during first two weeks of menstrual cycle can have more effect on muscular strength

Training during first two weeks of menstrual cycle can have more effect on muscular strength

Research at Umeå University provides new insights into when during the menstrual cycle it is advantageous to periodise your strength training. [More]
AMSBIO creates new 24-page guide for researchers using heparan sulfate antibodies

AMSBIO creates new 24-page guide for researchers using heparan sulfate antibodies

AMSBIO has produced a new 24-page guide that brings together applications, protocols, results and citations to provide an informative resource for researchers using heparan sulfate antibodies. [More]
Researchers propose new explanation for symptoms of fragile X syndrome

Researchers propose new explanation for symptoms of fragile X syndrome

Until recently, scientists thought they understood one of the underlying causes of fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability in the United States. [More]
Researchers reveal previously unknown role of glutamate in neuromuscular development

Researchers reveal previously unknown role of glutamate in neuromuscular development

For decades, scientists thought acetylcholine was the only neurotransmitter responsible for controlling how muscles and nerves are wired together during development. [More]
Researchers identify mutant traits in mouse for many human disease genes

Researchers identify mutant traits in mouse for many human disease genes

About one-third of all genes in the mammalian genome are essential for life. An international, multi-institutional research collaboration identified, for the first time, mutant traits in the mouse for 52 human disease genes, which significantly contributes to the understanding of the genetic bases for some human diseases, including cardiovascular defects, spina bifida, and metabolic disorders, among many others. The study was published this week in Nature. [More]
Research findings point to potential new targeted therapy for SMA

Research findings point to potential new targeted therapy for SMA

For the first time, scientists found that in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the affected nerve cells that control muscle movement, or motor neurons, have defects in their mitochondria, which generate energy used by the cell. [More]
Imperfect bite linked to poor postural and balance control

Imperfect bite linked to poor postural and balance control

In recent years there has been increasing medical interest in correcting teeth that do not touch perfectly in order to prevent problems such as jaw pain, gaps between teeth and crowding. [More]
Scientists use computer model to explore geographical origins of influenza virus

Scientists use computer model to explore geographical origins of influenza virus

A computer model developed by scientists at the University of Chicago shows that small increases in transmission rates of the seasonal influenza A virus (H3N2) can lead to rapid evolution of new strains that spread globally through human populations. [More]
Study finds South Africans living with HIV more resilient despite chronic pain

Study finds South Africans living with HIV more resilient despite chronic pain

When one thinks about chronic conditions that are commonly painful, HIV doesn't typically spring to mind. However, more than 50% of HIV-positive individuals experience a painful condition like headache, chest pain or neuropathy, and that pain is frequently experienced as moderate to severe in intensity. [More]
New study identifies potential therapeutic option for treatment of Huntington's disease

New study identifies potential therapeutic option for treatment of Huntington's disease

A new scientific study reveals one way to stop proteins from triggering an energy failure inside nerve cells during Huntington's disease. Huntington's disease is an inherited genetic disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes huntingtin protein. [More]
Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

New research provides the first clear evidence that the amount of nutrients transported to the foetus by the placenta adjusts according to both the foetal drive for growth, and the mother's physical ability to provide. [More]
Research provides scientific evidence for adverse effects of cannabis intake on brain development

Research provides scientific evidence for adverse effects of cannabis intake on brain development

Researchers have clarified important mechanisms involved in the formation of neural circuits in the brain. [More]
Eating nitrate-rich vegetables may enhance exercise performance

Eating nitrate-rich vegetables may enhance exercise performance

Nitrate supplementation in conjunction with Sprint Interval Training in low oxygen conditions could enhance sport performance a study has found. [More]
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