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Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

My group develops approaches to study cell-to-cell signaling in the brain – how the cells of the brain talk to each other. The brain is heterogeneous, probably more so than any other organ in our body, and many of its functions depend on the unique characteristics of these cells. [More]
Study investigates use of glucose to shorten induced labor in nulliparous woman

Study investigates use of glucose to shorten induced labor in nulliparous woman

In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, researchers with the Université de Sherbrooke in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada will present their findings in a study titled, Reduction of total labor length through the addition of parenteral dextrose solution in induction of labor in nulliparous: results of DEXTRONS prospective randomized controlled trial. [More]
Study finds great variations in view of withdrawing futile treatment for terminally ill patients

Study finds great variations in view of withdrawing futile treatment for terminally ill patients

The views among physicians and the general public when it comes to deciding whether to withhold or withdraw treatment of terminally ill patients differ greatly. [More]
Study compares effects of two types of sugar on metabolic and vascular function

Study compares effects of two types of sugar on metabolic and vascular function

The type of sugar you eat—and not just calorie count—may determine your risk for chronic disease. [More]
Protein involved in pancreatic cancer development plays more complicated role, study finds

Protein involved in pancreatic cancer development plays more complicated role, study finds

A protein thought to fuel pancreatic cancer development plays a much more complicated role, a new study finds. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers find cause and way to prevent vision deterioration in astronauts

UT Southwestern researchers find cause and way to prevent vision deterioration in astronauts

Vision deterioration in astronauts who spend a long time in space is likely due to the lack of a day-night cycle in intracranial pressure. But using a vacuum device to lower pressure for part of each day might prevent the problem, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers said. Their study appears in the Journal of Physiology. [More]
Blocking molecular signaling pathway could prevent or reverse peripheral neuropathy

Blocking molecular signaling pathway could prevent or reverse peripheral neuropathy

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the University of Manitoba and St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre in Canada, have identified a molecular signaling pathway that, when blocked, promotes sensory neuron growth and prevents or reverses peripheral neuropathy in cell and rodent models of type 1 and 2 diabetes, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and HIV. [More]
Biomarker could help identify heart failure patients suitable for cardiac recovery therapies

Biomarker could help identify heart failure patients suitable for cardiac recovery therapies

Investigators at the University of Utah have identified distinct differences in the hearts of advanced heart failure patients who have defied the odds and showed signs of recovery from the disease. Published online in the journal Circulation, the new findings could help clinicians identify the best candidates for cardiac recovery therapies. [More]
Skidmore College scientist discovers health benefits of balanced, protein-pacing, low-calorie diet

Skidmore College scientist discovers health benefits of balanced, protein-pacing, low-calorie diet

Research by Skidmore College exercise scientist Paul Arciero has found that a balanced, protein-pacing, low-calorie diet that includes intermittent fasting not only achieves long-term weight loss, but also helps release toxins in the form of PCBs from the body fat stores, in addition to enhancing heart health and reducing oxidative stress. [More]
Chronic consumption of western diet leads to overeating and obesity, new research shows

Chronic consumption of western diet leads to overeating and obesity, new research shows

More than two in three adults in the United States are considered overweight or obese, with substantial biomedical and clinical evidence suggesting that chronic overconsumption of a "western diet" - foods consisting high levels of sugars and fats - is a major cause of this epidemic. [More]
Resistance-based interval training can improve blood vessel function, study shows

Resistance-based interval training can improve blood vessel function, study shows

Just one session of interval weight-training can improve the risk of Type 2 diabetes complications, according to a UBC Okanagan study. This is encouraging news for those starting the New Year with good intentions. [More]
Study shows effects of intensive weight reduction on normal weight females

Study shows effects of intensive weight reduction on normal weight females

Worries about the potential negative consequences of fat loss regimens for aesthetic purposes in normal weight females have been surfacing in the media. [More]
SLU expert suggests viewing exercise as daily contribution that offers cumulative health benefits

SLU expert suggests viewing exercise as daily contribution that offers cumulative health benefits

Have you already faltered on your New Year's resolution to exercise regularly in 2017? Joined a gym, but only worked out two days so far? New workout gear still neatly folded with tags attached? Don't give up your admirable ambition just yet. Instead, consider a new attitude to refocus your approach toward your exercise goal. [More]
BGU researchers develop new system to assess OSA severity without overnight sleep study

BGU researchers develop new system to assess OSA severity without overnight sleep study

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers have developed a new system to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity while a patient is awake and analyze sleep-wake activity, using his or her smartphone. [More]
Mediterranean plants may become source for 'elixir of life'

Mediterranean plants may become source for 'elixir of life'

The Mediterranean is a haven for lovers of crystal-clear seas and sun-kissed landscapes. Now, thanks to the work of scientists from the University of Malta and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, it has the added appeal of being an actual fountain of youth. [More]
The 10th annual symposium at UC Riverside focuses on glial-neuronal interactions in health and disease

The 10th annual symposium at UC Riverside focuses on glial-neuronal interactions in health and disease

The brain is home to two kinds of cells: neurons and glia, with the latter protecting the former. Glia, the stuff between neurons, are important also because they regulate and define neuron-neuron communication. [More]
ATA releases new guidelines for diagnosis, treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum

ATA releases new guidelines for diagnosis, treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum

New evidence-based recommendations from the American Thyroid Association provide guidance to clinicians in diagnosing and managing thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period. [More]
Researchers uncover cell membrane protein that regulates gene linked to schizophrenia

Researchers uncover cell membrane protein that regulates gene linked to schizophrenia

Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, have identified a protein that regulates a gene associated with schizophrenia. The study, published in the Journal of Neurophysiology, was chosen as an APS​select article for January. [More]
Girls from low-income families in the U.S. unprepared for puberty, research finds

Girls from low-income families in the U.S. unprepared for puberty, research finds

Girls from low-income families in the U.S. are unprepared for puberty and have largely negative experiences of this transition, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. [More]
Commercial program that offers diet and exercise leads to greater improvements in metabolic syndrome

Commercial program that offers diet and exercise leads to greater improvements in metabolic syndrome

If losing weight is on your list of New Year resolutions, be sure to include both diet and exercise. [More]
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