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Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy, x-ray therapy, or irradiation) is the use of a certain type of energy (called ionizing radiation) to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation therapy injures or destroys cells in the area being treated (the “target tissue”) by damaging their genetic material, making it impossible for these cells to continue to grow and divide. Although radiation damages both cancer cells and normal cells, most normal cells can recover from the effects of radiation and function properly. The goal of radiation therapy is to damage as many cancer cells as possible, while limiting harm to nearby healthy tissue.
Genetic changes in blood cells of older people linked to lymphoma, leukemia

Genetic changes in blood cells of older people linked to lymphoma, leukemia

At least 2 percent of people over age 40 and 5 percent of people over 70 have mutations linked to leukemia and lymphoma in their blood cells, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
New study reviews modern treatment modalities for early-stage lung cancer

New study reviews modern treatment modalities for early-stage lung cancer

Removal of the entire lobe of lung may offer patients with early-stage lung cancer better overall survival when compared with a partial resection, and stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) may offer the same survival benefit as a lobectomy for some patients, according to a study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. [More]
AirXpanders' AeroForm expander shows superior outcomes in patients undergoing breast reconstruction

AirXpanders' AeroForm expander shows superior outcomes in patients undergoing breast reconstruction

The latest interim data from XPAND, AirXpanders Inc.’s U.S.-based, head-to-head pivotal study of its new, needle-free, patient-controlled tissue expansion system for mastectomy patients undergoing breast reconstruction, continue to show superior outcomes compared to traditional saline expanders including dramatically shorter expansion times, according to updated clinical data results presented at Plastic Surgery The Meeting, the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. [More]
Champalimaud Foundation to establish cancer institute in Rajasthan, India

Champalimaud Foundation to establish cancer institute in Rajasthan, India

The Lisbon based Champalimaud Foundation has entered into a partnership with the Government of Rajasthan, India, to establish a state-of-the–art cancer institute with world-class facilities. [More]
Medac Pharma launches Rasuvo (methotrexate) injection for patients with RA, pJIA and psoriasis

Medac Pharma launches Rasuvo (methotrexate) injection for patients with RA, pJIA and psoriasis

Medac Pharma, Inc., a privately held pharmaceutical company, has announced the launch of its lead product Rasuvo (methotrexate) injection for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), poly-articular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA) and psoriasis in the U.S. [More]
IRCM researchers discover mechanism that promotes progression of medulloblastoma

IRCM researchers discover mechanism that promotes progression of medulloblastoma

Scientists at the IRCM discovered a mechanism that promotes the progression of medulloblastoma, the most common brain tumour found in children. The team, led by Fr-d-ric Charron, PhD, found that a protein known as Sonic Hedgehog induces DNA damage, which causes the cancer to develop. [More]
Groups urge Medicare to cover LDCT screening for adults at high risk for lung cancer

Groups urge Medicare to cover LDCT screening for adults at high risk for lung cancer

More than 60 patient advocacy and medical organizations have joined a coalition headed by the Lung Cancer Alliance, the American College of Radiology and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, in urging Medicare to cover low dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for beneficiaries at high risk for lung cancer. [More]
Cancer community joins coalition seeking Medicare coverage for CT lung cancer screening

Cancer community joins coalition seeking Medicare coverage for CT lung cancer screening

More than 60 patient advocacy and medical organizations have joined a coalition headed by the Lung Cancer Alliance, the American College of Radiology and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, in urging Medicare to cover low dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for beneficiaries at high risk for lung cancer. [More]
PD-L1 protein could be a potential immunotherapy target for malignant pleural mesothelioma

PD-L1 protein could be a potential immunotherapy target for malignant pleural mesothelioma

Treating patients with high-dose radiotherapy after chemotherapy and surgery for malignant pleural mesothelioma does not achieve improvements in local relapse and overall survival, according to data from a prospective randomized phase II trial presented at ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid. [More]
CFDA clears Elekta's Versa HD radiation therapy system

CFDA clears Elekta's Versa HD radiation therapy system

Following US and European approvals of Elekta's Versa HD™ linear accelerator, the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) has cleared the radiation therapy system for sale and marketing in the country. [More]
Chemotherapy, radiotherapy have no negative effect on unborn babies

Chemotherapy, radiotherapy have no negative effect on unborn babies

Children who are exposed to chemotherapy or radiotherapy while in the womb suffer no negative impacts on mental or cardiac development, international studies presented at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid have shown. [More]
Colorado cancer researchers launch feasibility study to build nation's first carbon-ion radiotherapy facility

Colorado cancer researchers launch feasibility study to build nation's first carbon-ion radiotherapy facility

Colorado cancer researchers and medical doctors on Wednesday announced they are launching a $200,000 feasibility study as a key step to building the nation's first carbon-ion radiotherapy research and treatment facility in Aurora, where they and colleagues hope to investigate and provide to patients leading-edge radiation therapy that is effective against the deadliest cancers and now is available only in Europe and Japan. [More]
Radiation and endocrine therapy combination may not be necessary for all HR+ breast cancer patients

Radiation and endocrine therapy combination may not be necessary for all HR+ breast cancer patients

Treatment with endocrine therapy and radiation therapy as part of breast conservation is the current standard of care for women with hormone-receptor positive (HR+) invasive breast cancer. A new study by researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center, however, shows that combination may not be necessary for all patient populations with the disease. [More]
Current smokers at increased risk of developing SPLC

Current smokers at increased risk of developing SPLC

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survivors who never smoked or who are former smokers at the time of diagnosis have a lower risk of developing secondary primary lung cancers (SPLC) compared to those who are current smokers, suggesting that increased tobacco exposure is associated with a higher risk of SPLC, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting. [More]
Specific blood test could indicate neoadjuvant treatment regimens for ESCC patients

Specific blood test could indicate neoadjuvant treatment regimens for ESCC patients

A blood test may be beneficial in indicating neoadjuvant treatment regimens for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting. [More]
RT alone effective in decreasing dysphagia in patients with advanced esophageal cancer

RT alone effective in decreasing dysphagia in patients with advanced esophageal cancer

Radiation therapy (RT) alone is as effective in decreasing swallowing complications experienced by advanced esophageal cancer patients as RT combined with chemotherapy, thus allowing patients to forgo chemotherapy, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting. [More]
Thoracic radiotherapy reduces cancer recurrence in SCLC patients, shows new study

Thoracic radiotherapy reduces cancer recurrence in SCLC patients, shows new study

Treating advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) with thoracic (or chest) radiation therapy in addition to standard treatment significantly prolongs long-term survival and reduces cancer recurrence in the chest by almost 50%, according to new research published in The Lancet and being presented simultaneously at ASTRO's 2014 Annual Meeting in San Francisco. [More]
AANS, ASTRO partner to launch national registry for SRS treatments

AANS, ASTRO partner to launch national registry for SRS treatments

The American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the American Society for Radiation Oncology are partnering to launch and support a national registry for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments. [More]
Early-stage Hodgkin's disease patients who receive radiation therapy have better survival rate

Early-stage Hodgkin's disease patients who receive radiation therapy have better survival rate

Patients with stage I and II Hodgkin's Disease who receive radiation therapy (RT) have a higher 10-year survival rate -- 84 percent compared to 76 percent - than those who do not, according to a study presented by researchers at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO's) 56th Annual Meeting today. [More]
UW Carbone Cancer Center treats patients with MRIdian MRI-guided radiation therapy system

UW Carbone Cancer Center treats patients with MRIdian MRI-guided radiation therapy system

The MRIdian (me-rid-i-an) system from ViewRay, a privately held medical device company, is now being used to treat patients at the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center in Madison, Wisconsin, the second clinical group in the world to treat patients with MRI-guided radiation therapy. [More]