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First-ever evidence-based guidelines released for prevention of acute COPD exacerbations

First-ever evidence-based guidelines released for prevention of acute COPD exacerbations

The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) and the Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS) announced today the release of Prevention of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: American College of Chest Physicians and Canadian Thoracic Society Guideline in the journal CHEST. [More]
Scientists develop promising vaccination strategy to counteract RSV infection

Scientists develop promising vaccination strategy to counteract RSV infection

Respiratory Syncytial Virus causes severe respiratory tract infections and worldwide claims the lives of 160,000 children each year. Scientists at VIB and Ghent University have succeeded in developing a promising vaccination strategy to counteract this common virus infection. [More]
Females' natural resistance to bacterial pneumonia is linked to NOS3 enzyme

Females' natural resistance to bacterial pneumonia is linked to NOS3 enzyme

Researchers have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female mice to an enzyme activated by the female sex hormone estrogen. [More]
Mediso launches MultiScan LFER 150 PET/CT for research applications

Mediso launches MultiScan LFER 150 PET/CT for research applications

Mediso announces the MultiScan LFER 150 PET/CT, the first member of the MultiScan product line dedicated to research applications for both clinical and pre-clinical imaging. The LFER 150 (Large Field of view Extreme Resolution) with 20 cm axial and 15 cm transaxial field of view (FOV), sub-mm PET resolution and 5% sensitivity is aimed at pre-clinical brain research. [More]
Inpatient palliative care can considerably reduce readmissions, hospital costs, shows study

Inpatient palliative care can considerably reduce readmissions, hospital costs, shows study

Palliative care provided in the hospital offers known clinical benefits, and a new study shows that inpatient palliative care can also significantly lower the cost of hospitalization and the rate of readmissions. [More]
Researchers reveal hidden benefits of healthy eating, exercise during pregnancy

Researchers reveal hidden benefits of healthy eating, exercise during pregnancy

It might not be obvious on the scales, but healthy eating and increased physical activity from walking during pregnancy is directly associated with a range of improved outcomes at birth, according to researchers from the University of Adelaide. [More]
Union Hospital expands use of capnography to strengthen patient safety

Union Hospital expands use of capnography to strengthen patient safety

Union Hospital recently strengthened patient safety measures by expanding its use of capnography to monitor patients capnography during patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) to regulate their pain after surgery. [More]
Actavis seeks FDA approval to market generic version of Quillivant XR

Actavis seeks FDA approval to market generic version of Quillivant XR

Actavis plc today confirmed that it has filed an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration seeking approval to market Methylphenidate Hydrochloride for Extended-release Oral Suspension, 5 mg/mL. Actavis' ANDA product is a generic version of Pfizer and Tris Pharma's Quillivant XR®, which is a central nervous system stimulant indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. [More]
UCSF study: Smoking takes $18.1 billion toll in California

UCSF study: Smoking takes $18.1 billion toll in California

Smoking took an $18.1 billion toll in California – $487 for each resident – and was responsible for more than one in seven deaths in the state, more than from AIDS, influenza, diabetes or many other causes, according to the first comprehensive analysis in more than a decade on the financial and health impacts of tobacco. [More]
Promising vaccination strategy to counteract RSV

Promising vaccination strategy to counteract RSV

Respiratory Syncytial Virus causes severe respiratory tract infections and worldwide claims the lives of 160,000 children each year. Scientists at VIB and Ghent University have succeeded in developing a promising vaccination strategy to counteract this common virus infection. [More]
Boehringer Ingelheim's OFEV (nintedanib) capsules receive FDA approval for IPF treatment

Boehringer Ingelheim's OFEV (nintedanib) capsules receive FDA approval for IPF treatment

Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved OFEV (nintedanib) capsules for oral use for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). [More]
Ethnicity may play role in occurrence of surgery-related breathing problems in children

Ethnicity may play role in occurrence of surgery-related breathing problems in children

Ethnicity may play a role in the occurrence of breathing problems during and after surgery, suggests preliminary results from a new study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2014 annual meeting. [More]
Johnson & Johnson's sales increase 5.1% to $18.5 billion in Q3 2014

Johnson & Johnson's sales increase 5.1% to $18.5 billion in Q3 2014

Johnson & Johnson today announced sales of $18.5 billion for the third quarter of 2014, an increase of 5.1% as compared to the third quarter of 2013. Operational results increased 5.8% and the negative impact of currency was 0.7%. Domestic sales increased 11.6%. International sales decreased 0.3%, reflecting operational growth of 1.0% and a negative currency impact of 1.3%. [More]
Cornell University researchers reveal details of how MERS-CoV enters host cells

Cornell University researchers reveal details of how MERS-CoV enters host cells

Cornell University researchers have uncovered details of how the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) enters host cells, and offer possible new avenues for treatment. [More]
Web-based system could help improve detection of disease outbreaks, say researchers

Web-based system could help improve detection of disease outbreaks, say researchers

A web-based system that allows preschools and child care centers to report illnesses to local public health departments could improve the detection of disease outbreaks and allow resources to be mobilized more quickly, according to University of Michigan research to be presented Saturday, Oct. 11 at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference & Exhibition in San Diego. [More]

Anesthesia can be administered to patients who chewed gum before surgery

It is well known that patients should avoid eating and drinking before surgery to help prevent complications while under anesthesia. [More]
Research roundup: Older consumers' spending on health care; hospital leaders' views of reporting quality

Research roundup: Older consumers' spending on health care; hospital leaders' views of reporting quality

In 2011, households with at least one member between ages 50 and 64 spent 8 percent of their total budget on health items, compared with 19 percent for those age 85 or over. [More]
Study shows diphenhydramine suppresses cough reflex sensitivity with Dr. Cocoa formulation

Study shows diphenhydramine suppresses cough reflex sensitivity with Dr. Cocoa formulation

Cough is among the most common complaints for which patients seek medical attention. Leading cough researcher Peter V. Dicpinigaitis, M.D., Professor of Clinical Medicine at New York's Albert Einstein College of Medicine, recently conducted a new cough challenge study among adults, whose results were first presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress in September 2014. [More]
Antimicrobial stewardship to ambulatory setting should include continued feedback to clinicians

Antimicrobial stewardship to ambulatory setting should include continued feedback to clinicians

The initial benefits of an outpatient antimicrobial stewardship intervention designed to reduce the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were lost after discontinuation of audit and feedback to clinicians, according to a study published in JAMA. The study is being released early online to coincide with the IDWeek 2014 meeting. [More]
Pneumococcal vaccine prevents illness, reduces severe antibiotic-resistant infections in young children

Pneumococcal vaccine prevents illness, reduces severe antibiotic-resistant infections in young children

The pneumococcal vaccine recommended for young children not only prevents illness and death, but also has dramatically reduced severe antibiotic-resistant infections, suggests nationwide research being presented at IDWeek 2014. [More]