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A sedative is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
Routine blood test can predict survival of cancer patients in palliative care

Routine blood test can predict survival of cancer patients in palliative care

A routine blood test can predict how long cancer patients in palliative care will survive, researchers report at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress in Singapore. [More]
Music can be effective medicine to promote healing and wellness

Music can be effective medicine to promote healing and wellness

Music may not seem as potent as a pill, but in many cases, it's just what the doctor ordered. [More]
Women with dementia receive less health monitoring than men, UCL research reveals

Women with dementia receive less health monitoring than men, UCL research reveals

Women with dementia have fewer visits to the GP, receive less health monitoring and take more potentially harmful medication than men with dementia, new UCL (University College London) research reveals. [More]
TSRI scientists discover potential drug candidate to suppress pain and itch

TSRI scientists discover potential drug candidate to suppress pain and itch

In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a possible drug candidate that suppresses pain and itch in animal models. [More]
New article outlines reasons to stratify and report data by sex, gender or both

New article outlines reasons to stratify and report data by sex, gender or both

No one can deny that men and women have different genes, biology and anatomical features. [More]
Exposure to general anesthesia in young children not linked to long-term effects on brain development

Exposure to general anesthesia in young children not linked to long-term effects on brain development

Children who are exposed to general anesthesia from birth to age 2 have developmental testing results in kindergarten that are similar to those of children who have not been exposed, according to a new study published in the October issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. [More]
Mild sedative could reduce risk of post-operative delirium

Mild sedative could reduce risk of post-operative delirium

A mild sedative could greatly reduce the risk of people experiencing delirium after an operation, according to new research. [More]
Regulating mealtimes during days off can help alleviate jet-lag in long-haul cabin crew

Regulating mealtimes during days off can help alleviate jet-lag in long-haul cabin crew

A study published today in the journal Psychology and Health has found that jet-lag in long-haul cabin crew is alleviated when meal times are regulated on their days off. [More]
Prescription sleep aids may stimulate suicidal thoughts or actions

Prescription sleep aids may stimulate suicidal thoughts or actions

Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say. [More]
ED consumption with or without alcohol contributes to risk for drunk driving

ED consumption with or without alcohol contributes to risk for drunk driving

Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) have been of concern to the public-health community for almost a decade. [More]
Chemists find efficient way to convert organic molecules into new medicines

Chemists find efficient way to convert organic molecules into new medicines

Opening a broad vista in the search for effective pharmaceuticals, a collaboration of Chinese and U.S. chemists has laid out a highly efficient new method to convert abundant organic molecules into new medicines. [More]
iPad use before surgery requiring anaesthesia effective in reducing child anxiety

iPad use before surgery requiring anaesthesia effective in reducing child anxiety

New research presented at this year's World Congress of Anaesthesiologists in Hong Kong (Aug. 28 - Sept. 2) shows that allowing children to use iPads to distract them before surgery requiring general anaesthesia is as effective at lowering their anxiety as conventional sedatives. [More]
Study explores relationship between moderate-vigorous exercise and psychotic symptoms

Study explores relationship between moderate-vigorous exercise and psychotic symptoms

Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems. [More]
RACP releases new Choosing Wisely Australia recommendations on appropriate use of medicines for older adults

RACP releases new Choosing Wisely Australia recommendations on appropriate use of medicines for older adults

The latest lists developed by specialties from the Royal Australasian College of Physicians as part of the Choosing Wisely Australia initiative deliver a strong message on appropriate use of medicines for older Australians. [More]
European Union may be catching up to the United States in nonmedical prescription drug abuse

European Union may be catching up to the United States in nonmedical prescription drug abuse

There is a high rate of prescription pain reliever abuse in Europe, largely accounted by opioids, according to the first comparative study of prescription drug abuse in the European Union, which was conducted by researchers at RTI International and published in BMC Psychiatry. [More]
Majority of American adults use prescription drugs inappropriately and dangerously

Majority of American adults use prescription drugs inappropriately and dangerously

The majority of American adults taking opioids and other commonly prescribed medications use them in ways that put their health at risk, including potentially dangerous combinations with other drugs, according to a new study from Quest Diagnostics, the world’s leading provider of diagnostic information services. [More]
Study assesses prevalence of delirium among survivors of cardiac arrest treated with hypothermia

Study assesses prevalence of delirium among survivors of cardiac arrest treated with hypothermia

A study in the American Journal of Critical Care found a remarkably high prevalence of delirium in a small cohort of critically ill patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. [More]
Study finds dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the U.S.

Study finds dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the U.S.

Nonmedical use of prescription opioids more than doubled among adults in the United States from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013, based on a study from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the National Institutes of Health. Nearly 10 million Americans, or 4.1 percent of the adult population, used opioid medications in 2012-2013 a class of drugs that includes OxyContin and Vicodin, without a prescription or not as prescribed (in greater amounts, more often, or longer than prescribed) in the past year. [More]
Women need more propofol to stay sedated during oral surgery

Women need more propofol to stay sedated during oral surgery

Anesthesia Progress – The stress that oral surgery patients experience during a procedure can cause elevated heart rates and blood pressure during operations. [More]
Single, short duration exposure of general anesthesia appears to cause no cognitive harm in healthy, young children

Single, short duration exposure of general anesthesia appears to cause no cognitive harm in healthy, young children

A recent study concluded that very young, healthy children undergoing short surgical procedures requiring a single exposure to general anesthesia did not exhibit any effect on the cognitive outcomes tested, according to SmartTots, a public-private partnership of the International Anesthesia Research Society and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. [More]
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