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A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes" or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted.
Thrombus aspiration for acute myocardial infarction does not reduce mortality

Thrombus aspiration for acute myocardial infarction does not reduce mortality

Thrombus aspiration for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) does not reduce mortality or other clinical endpoints long term, according to the awaited one-year follow-up results from the Thrombus Aspiration in ST- Elevation myocardial infarction in Scandinavia (TASTE) trial. [More]
Ambulance administration of antiplatelet medication may help heart attack patients

Ambulance administration of antiplatelet medication may help heart attack patients

Ambulance administration of the antiplatelet medication ticagrelor to patients with a type of heart attack known as ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not better than hospital administration, in terms of improving blood flow in blocked arteries before a revascularisation procedure, according to a new study presented at ESC Congress 2014 today. [More]
Inhaled nitric oxide given to heart attack patients may improve recovery

Inhaled nitric oxide given to heart attack patients may improve recovery

Inhaled nitric oxide, delivered to heart attack patients before and during treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) did not reduce the extent of damaged tissue (infarct), but may have improved recovery, according to Hot Line results presented today at ESC Congress 2014. [More]
New data confirms that mechanical heart valves raise risks during and after pregnancy

New data confirms that mechanical heart valves raise risks during and after pregnancy

The fact that mechanical heart valves increase risks during and after pregnancy, has been confirmed by data from the ROPAC registry presented for the first time today in an ESC Congress Hot Line session by Professor Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, co-chair with Professor Roger Hall of the registry's executive committee. [More]
Digoxin drug increases risk of adverse cardiovascular events or sudden death

Digoxin drug increases risk of adverse cardiovascular events or sudden death

Digoxin may increase the risk of death in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) by approximately 20%, according to results from the ROCKET AF trial presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Manesh Patel, director of interventional cardiology and catheterisation labs at Duke University Health System in Durham, North Carolina, US. [More]
Simple awareness campaign in general practice helps improve early diagnosis of AF

Simple awareness campaign in general practice helps improve early diagnosis of AF

A simple awareness campaign in general practice identifies new cases of atrial fibrillation (AF), according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Professor Jean-Marc Davy from France. [More]
Permanent atrial fibrillation twins risk of stroke than paroxysmal AF

Permanent atrial fibrillation twins risk of stroke than paroxysmal AF

Permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) doubles the risk of stroke compared to paroxysmal AF, according to research in more than 6 000 patients presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Thomas Vanassche from Belgium. The findings suggest that a simple clinical assessment of the type of AF can help doctors to better estimate stroke risk. [More]
Daily fruit consumption reduces risk of cardiovascular disease by up to 40%

Daily fruit consumption reduces risk of cardiovascular disease by up to 40%

Daily fruit consumption cuts the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by up to 40%, according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Huaidong Du from Oxford, UK. [More]
‘Concerning’ rise in pneumococcus risk factors

‘Concerning’ rise in pneumococcus risk factors

Researchers report that the incidence of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection has fallen significantly in the USA in the past decade but describe a “concerning trend” whereby the baseline health status of those with serious pneumococcal disease has worsened. [More]
Blood pressure self-management suitable for high-risk patients

Blood pressure self-management suitable for high-risk patients

Patients with hypertension and high cardiovascular risk can successfully monitor and titrate their own antihypertensive medication, shows research published in JAMA. [More]
Morbidity, mortality of AF patients remains high at 1 year even with good use of oral anticoagulants

Morbidity, mortality of AF patients remains high at 1 year even with good use of oral anticoagulants

Mortality and morbidity of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients remains high at one year despite good use of oral anticoagulants, according to the one year follow up of the Atrial Fibrillation General Pilot Registry. [More]
Darapladib drug fails to reduce risk of recurrent major coronary events

Darapladib drug fails to reduce risk of recurrent major coronary events

In patients who experienced an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event (such as heart attack or unstable angina), use of the drug darapladib to inhibit the enzyme lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (believed to play a role in the development of atherosclerosis) did not reduce the risk of recurrent major coronary events, according to a study published by JAMA. [More]
Combination of moderate wine drinking plus regular exercise protects against CVD

Combination of moderate wine drinking plus regular exercise protects against CVD

Wine only protects against cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people who exercise, according to results from the In Vino Veritas (IVV) study presented at ESC Congress today by Professor Milos Taborsky from the Czech Republic. [More]
Complete revascularisation leads to better outcomes in patients with heart attack

Complete revascularisation leads to better outcomes in patients with heart attack

In patients being treated for heart attack, complete revascularisation of all significantly blocked arteries leads to better outcomes compared to a strategy of unblocking just the "culprit" artery responsible for the heart attack, according to a new study presented today at ESC Congress 2014. [More]

Antihypertensive therapy decreases risk of mortality, CV events, strokes in older adults

Antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular (CV) events, strokes and mortality in hypertensive older adults, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2014 today by Dr Maciej Ostrowski from Poland. [More]
Study: Resistant hypertension increases risk of stroke in female and elderly patients

Study: Resistant hypertension increases risk of stroke in female and elderly patients

Resistant hypertension increases the risk of stroke by 35% in women and 20% in elderly Taiwanese patients, according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Kuo-Yang Wang from Taiwan. [More]
Internal production of hydrogen peroxide can lead cells to exit cell cycle and become senescent

Internal production of hydrogen peroxide can lead cells to exit cell cycle and become senescent

What happens inside cells when they detect the activation of a cancer-inducing gene? Sometimes, cells are able to signal internally to stop the cell cycle. Such cells are able to enter, at least for a time, a protective non-growth state. [More]
ESC Guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of aortic diseases published in European Heart Journal

ESC Guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of aortic diseases published in European Heart Journal

The first comprehensive ESC Guidelines on aortic diseases are published today. They are presented at ESC Congress 2014 by Task Force Chairpersons Professor Raimund Erbel (Germany) and Professor Victor Aboyans (France). [More]
New study reveals psychosocial health benefits for older adults who volunteer

New study reveals psychosocial health benefits for older adults who volunteer

Older adults who stay active by volunteering are getting more out of it than just an altruistic feeling - they are receiving a health boost! [More]
New technology holds potential to identify cardiac disease using video monitoring

New technology holds potential to identify cardiac disease using video monitoring

To the careful observer, a person's face has long provided insight into what is going on beneath the surface. Now, with the assistance of a web camera and software algorithms, the face can also reveal whether or not an individual is experiencing atrial fibrillation, a treatable but potentially dangerous heart condition. [More]