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NIH announces 11 awards to improve public health outcomes related to substance use, addiction

NIH announces 11 awards to improve public health outcomes related to substance use, addiction

More than $11 million over three years will be used to support research exploring the use of social media to advance the scientific understanding, prevention, and treatment of substance use and addiction. [More]
Newborns of mothers who smoke during pregnancy have altered stress hormones, DNA

Newborns of mothers who smoke during pregnancy have altered stress hormones, DNA

Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have studied the effects of smoking during pregnancy and its impact on the stress response in newborn babies. Their research indicates that newborns of mothers who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy show lower levels of stress hormones, lowered stress response, and alterations in DNA for a gene that regulates passage of stress hormones from mother to fetus. [More]
UCSF study: Smoking takes $18.1 billion toll in California

UCSF study: Smoking takes $18.1 billion toll in California

Smoking took an $18.1 billion toll in California – $487 for each resident – and was responsible for more than one in seven deaths in the state, more than from AIDS, influenza, diabetes or many other causes, according to the first comprehensive analysis in more than a decade on the financial and health impacts of tobacco. [More]
Use of electronic health care services to improve cardiovascular health in China

Use of electronic health care services to improve cardiovascular health in China

The use of electronic health care services (versus more traditional methods) to reduce the high incidence of heart disease in China will be debated by leading cardiologists from around the world in Beijing, from 16 to 19 October 2014. [More]
U.S. college students do better than U.K. counterparts in physical activity, healthy diet

U.S. college students do better than U.K. counterparts in physical activity, healthy diet

U.S. college students do better than their counterparts in the United Kingdom when it comes to physical activity, a healthy diet and less smoking, according to new research published in the latest issue of the journal Education and Health. [More]
Maker of experimental Ebola drug scales up

Maker of experimental Ebola drug scales up

The manufacturer of the experimental Ebola drug ZMapp says it has put other business on hold since August to boost production of the medication. Meanwhile, news outlets look at the government's authority to screen airline travelers, the House action to release additional funding for disease-fighting efforts and the Dallas hospital's defense of its treatment of the West African man who died of the disease this week. [More]
Combination of behavioral support and medication helps people stop smoking

Combination of behavioral support and medication helps people stop smoking

Numerous randomized clinical trials have shown the effectiveness of the two major forms of smoking cessation treatment - behavioral support and medication - in helping smokers quit. Researchers have now demonstrated that this approach can successfully translate to the "real world" and that a combination of the two treatments offers almost a threefold chance of success over attempts to quit without using a cessation aid. [More]
Tobacco use linked to oral HPV-16

Tobacco use linked to oral HPV-16

Study participants who reported tobacco use or had higher levels of biomarkers of tobacco exposure had a higher prevalence of the sexually transmitted infection, oral human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16), according to a study in the October 8 JAMA, a theme issue on infectious disease. [More]
Adolescents with strong working memory better equipped to escape problematic drug use

Adolescents with strong working memory better equipped to escape problematic drug use

Adolescents with strong working memory are better equipped to escape early drug experimentation without progressing into substance abuse issues, says a University of Oregon researcher. [More]
Women can now take proactive steps to reduce breast cancer risk

Women can now take proactive steps to reduce breast cancer risk

Now that medical professionals have identified gene mutations that predispose for breast cancer, patients can take proactive steps to reduce their risk. [More]
CytRx begins aldoxorubicin Phase 2b clinical trial in patients with extensive-stage SCLC

CytRx begins aldoxorubicin Phase 2b clinical trial in patients with extensive-stage SCLC

CytRx Corporation, a biopharmaceutical research and development company specializing in oncology, today announced the initiation of a global Phase 2b clinical trial evaluating aldoxorubicin compared to topotecan in subjects with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) who have relapsed or were refractory to prior chemotherapy. [More]
Dr. Rodrigo Guerrero becomes the first winner of Roux Prize

Dr. Rodrigo Guerrero becomes the first winner of Roux Prize

Dr. Rodrigo Guerrero, a Harvard-trained epidemiologist and mayor of Cali, Colombia, is the first winner of the Roux Prize, a new US$100,000 award for turning evidence into health impact and the largest prize of its kind. [More]
FDA grants multiple Orphan Drug Designations for CytRx's aldoxorubicin

FDA grants multiple Orphan Drug Designations for CytRx's aldoxorubicin

CytRx Corporation, a biopharmaceutical research and development company specializing in oncology, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted multiple Orphan Drug Designations for the Company's lead drug candidate, aldoxorubicin, in three indications: glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer. [More]
Oral afatinib significantly improves progression-free survival in patients with head and neck cancer

Oral afatinib significantly improves progression-free survival in patients with head and neck cancer

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor afatinib significantly improved progression-free survival compared to methotrexate in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy, the results of a phase III trial show. [More]
UMass Amherst cell biologists propose new detailed cytokinesis model

UMass Amherst cell biologists propose new detailed cytokinesis model

Along with copying and splitting DNA during division, cells must have a way to break safely into two viable daughter cells, a process called cytokinesis. But the molecular basis of how plant cells accomplish this without mistakes has been unclear for many years. [More]
CVS/pharmacy renews Medication Disposal for Safer Communities donation program

CVS/pharmacy renews Medication Disposal for Safer Communities donation program

CVS/pharmacy announced today that is marking National Prescription Drug Take Back Day on Saturday, September 27 by renewing its innovative community donation program to support local drug collection efforts by law enforcement. [More]
Longer looks: Lithium in the water; controlling cancer; recovering from brain injury

Longer looks: Lithium in the water; controlling cancer; recovering from brain injury

There are many kinds of cancer, but treatments have typically combatted them in one way only: by attempting to destroy the cancerous cells. Surgery aims to remove the entire growth from the body; chemotherapy drugs are toxic to the cancer cells; radiation generates toxic molecules that break up the cancer cells' DNA and proteins, causing their demise. [More]
Researchers show link between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to phthalates

Researchers show link between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to phthalates

Researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health are the first to demonstrate an association between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to two phthalates used in a diverse array of household products. Results appear online in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. [More]
Current smokers at increased risk of developing SPLC

Current smokers at increased risk of developing SPLC

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survivors who never smoked or who are former smokers at the time of diagnosis have a lower risk of developing secondary primary lung cancers (SPLC) compared to those who are current smokers, suggesting that increased tobacco exposure is associated with a higher risk of SPLC, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting. [More]
New study sheds light on relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems

New study sheds light on relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems

Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking. A growing body of research suggests that the relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems, in part, from an effort by patients to use nicotine to self-medicate symptoms and cognitive impairment associated with the disease. [More]