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Functional deficits caused by mini-strokes can last longer than previously thought

Functional deficits caused by mini-strokes can last longer than previously thought

Evidence overwhelmingly supports a link between cognitive decline and cerebrovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Not only do individuals with cerebrovascular diseases have a much higher incidence of cortical microinfarcts (mini-strokes), but post-mortem histological and in vivo radiological studies also find that the burden of microinfarcts is significantly greater among people with vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) than in age-matched, non-demented individuals. [More]
New augmented-reality technology designed by Philips for spine surgery

New augmented-reality technology designed by Philips for spine surgery

Royal Philips, a leader in integrated image-guided therapy solutions, today announced the development of an industry-first augmented-reality surgical navigation technology that is designed to help surgeons perform image-guided open and minimally-invasive spine surgery. Philips is a pioneer in hybrid operating room (hybrid OR) solutions to facilitate both surgical and minimally-invasive endovascular procedures, with over 750 hybrid ORs installed globally. The addition of this new augmented reality technology will further widen the scope of Philips hybrid OR solutions to other fast-growing areas of image-guided surgery including spine, cranial and trauma procedures. [More]
Could pathogen infection really lead to Alzheimer’s?

Could pathogen infection really lead to Alzheimer’s?

New concepts of infectious disease are evolving with the realization that pathogens are key players in the development of progressive chronic diseases that originally were not thought to be infectious. Infection is well-known to be associated with numerous neurological diseases for which... [More]
MUSC scientists design novel antibody-based therapy to fight against cancer

MUSC scientists design novel antibody-based therapy to fight against cancer

Scientists at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) have designed an antibody-based therapy that could target the functions of TGF-beta that cause cancer [More]
Genetic testing at UMMC helps doctors identify effective medication for heart stent patients

Genetic testing at UMMC helps doctors identify effective medication for heart stent patients

The University of Maryland Medical Center is now offering a simple genetic test to patients who receive heart stents to determine whether they have a genetic deficiency that affects how they respond to a common drug to prevent blood clots. [More]
Antibiotics targeting brain’s inflammatory response may exacerbate cognitive deficits in children

Antibiotics targeting brain’s inflammatory response may exacerbate cognitive deficits in children

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of disability and death in infants and children in the United States, with more than half a million affected annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [More]
Cell powerhouses may be good therapeutic target for brain injury

Cell powerhouses may be good therapeutic target for brain injury

Cell powerhouses are typically long and lean, but with brain injury such as stroke or trauma, they can quickly become bloated and dysfunctional, say scientists who documented the phenomena in real time for the first time in a living brain. [More]
Researchers examine extent and severity of genitourinary injuries among U.S. service members

Researchers examine extent and severity of genitourinary injuries among U.S. service members

Because battlefield medical care has improved throughout the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, many more U.S. servicemen have survived what could have been fatal injuries in the past. [More]
Study finds new link between short sleep during pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus

Study finds new link between short sleep during pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus

A Singapore-based study has found a new health link between short sleep during pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). [More]
Researchers discover new natural tooth repair method using Alzheimer's drug

Researchers discover new natural tooth repair method using Alzheimer's drug

A new method of stimulating the renewal of living stem cells in tooth pulp using an Alzheimer's drug has been discovered by a team of researchers at King's College London. [More]
Special issue of Optometry and Vision Science features new research on visual dysfunction after TBI

Special issue of Optometry and Vision Science features new research on visual dysfunction after TBI

Vision problems are a common and sometimes lasting consequence of head injuries—from children and teens with sports-related concussions to military personnel with combat-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). [More]
Concussed children with vision abnormalities have academic difficulty, research shows

Concussed children with vision abnormalities have academic difficulty, research shows

A comprehensive vision assessment should be part of return-to-learn protocols to help determine when children are ready to return to the classroom following concussions -- particularly in children reporting academic difficulty. [More]
Fire and smoke inhalation injuries increase during cold-weather months

Fire and smoke inhalation injuries increase during cold-weather months

Over the last few weeks, Vanderbilt University Medical Center has seen multiple admissions and a few tragic deaths due to fire and smoke inhalation injuries. [More]
Modest increase in dietary zinc reduces oxidative stress and damage to DNA, study shows

Modest increase in dietary zinc reduces oxidative stress and damage to DNA, study shows

A new study by researchers from the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Research Institute shows that a modest 4 milligrams of extra zinc a day in the diet can have a profound, positive impact on cellular health that helps fight infections and diseases. [More]
200th live donor kidney transplant offers promise of new life for the New Year

200th live donor kidney transplant offers promise of new life for the New Year

In late December in San Antonio, Texas, a 36-year-old mother of three from Jefferson City, Missouri, gave her best friend the most precious gift of all: a healthy kidney and the promise of a new life for the New Year. [More]
Acute stress can lead to delayed, long-term psychological trauma

Acute stress can lead to delayed, long-term psychological trauma

Mrs. M would never forget that day. She was walking along a busy road next to the vegetable market when two goons zipped past on a bike. One man's hand shot out and grabbed the chain around her neck. [More]
Clemson researchers focus on improving overall safety of football helmet facemasks

Clemson researchers focus on improving overall safety of football helmet facemasks

A team of Clemson University researchers and an Upstate businessman believe they can help make football a little safer by creating a facemask that can help reduce the severity of head injuries by increasing overall helmet protection. [More]
Experts confirm high risk of famine in northeast Nigeria

Experts confirm high risk of famine in northeast Nigeria

Multiple experts, including Action Against Hunger, have validated new analysis confirming an elevated risk of famine in Nigeria's Borno State among populations cut off from humanitarian assistance due to the Boko Haram insurgency. [More]
Clinical study tests adult stem cell therapy for infants with congenital HLHS

Clinical study tests adult stem cell therapy for infants with congenital HLHS

In a first-in-children randomized clinical study, medical researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have begun testing to see whether adult stem cells derived from bone marrow benefit children with the congenital heart defect hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). [More]
History of head injuries increases risk of negative outcomes for homeless adults with mental illness

History of head injuries increases risk of negative outcomes for homeless adults with mental illness

Among homeless adults with mental illness, having a history of head injuries is associated with a greater risk of adverse health conditions, new research indicates. [More]
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