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Expanding the potential of existing cancer therapies: an interview with Dr Mark Rutstein

Expanding the potential of existing cancer therapies: an interview with Dr Mark Rutstein

Cancer remains a leading cause of death worldwide, and the global cancer burden is expected to increase by 70 percent over the next two decades. [More]
Phase III clinical study of promising prostate cancer drug reveals surprising results

Phase III clinical study of promising prostate cancer drug reveals surprising results

A recently published international clinical Phase III trial of a promising drug for treating advanced prostate cancer ended with surprising results: the new therapeutic agent failed to achieve any significant improvement in the overall survival of patients compared with the established standard treatment. [More]
Leukemia drug increases brain dopamine, lowers toxic proteins linked to Parkinson's or dementia

Leukemia drug increases brain dopamine, lowers toxic proteins linked to Parkinson's or dementia

A small phase I study provides molecular evidence that an FDA-approved drug for leukemia significantly increased brain dopamine and reduced toxic proteins linked to disease progression in patients with Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies. [More]
Researchers discover new signaling events that trigger metastasis in ovarian cancer cells

Researchers discover new signaling events that trigger metastasis in ovarian cancer cells

Like pancreatic cancer, cancer of the ovaries is notorious for being discovered at a relatively late stage - after it has spread to other sites in the body. It is not called "the silent killer" for nothing. [More]
Researchers identify potential biomarkers predictive of TKIs response in metastatic renal cancer

Researchers identify potential biomarkers predictive of TKIs response in metastatic renal cancer

A team of CNIO researchers, in collaboration with the Spanish Oncology Genitourinary Group and the University Hospitals Leuven, has discovered various potential biomarkers predictive of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) response in metastatic renal cancer. [More]
Nutritional interventions may help prevent detrimental brain ageing

Nutritional interventions may help prevent detrimental brain ageing

Ageing is a highly complex process marked by a succession of events that may lead to an altered brain function, including neurodegenerative diseases. To date, the precise cause of cognitive decline remains quite elusive. [More]
ALK fusion variants could influence NSCLC crizotinib response

ALK fusion variants could influence NSCLC crizotinib response

In non-small-cell lung cancer patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearrangement treated with crizotinib, progression-free survival varies according to the ALK fusion variant. [More]
Why does appetite loss occur during illness? An interview with Prof. Conti and Prof. Francesconi

Why does appetite loss occur during illness? An interview with Prof. Conti and Prof. Francesconi

Appetite, as a word, come from the Latin appetitus, meaning "desire for.” Therefore, appetite can be defined as a pleasurable sensation or the desire to eat. This sensation is coordinated by several brain areas associated with reward processing such amygdala, hippocampus, ventral pallidum, nucleus accumbens and striatum, and others. [More]
Researchers investigate why N14Y, N14K mutations have distinct effects in KID syndrome patients

Researchers investigate why N14Y, N14K mutations have distinct effects in KID syndrome patients

A team of New York-based researchers has compared the effects of two disease-causing mutations, potentially explaining why patients with the rare genetic disorder keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome can experience different sets of symptoms. [More]
Potential therapeutic approaches to combat chronic myeloid leukemia

Potential therapeutic approaches to combat chronic myeloid leukemia

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) develops through chromosomal alterations in blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and usually occurs in older persons. Around 20 percent of adults diagnosed with leukemia suffer from this type of blood cancer. [More]
Breast cancer cells use new signaling pathway to cope with lack of oxygen levels inside tumors

Breast cancer cells use new signaling pathway to cope with lack of oxygen levels inside tumors

Researchers have identified a new signaling pathway that helps cancer cells cope with the lack of oxygen found inside tumors. These are the results of a study published in Nature Cell Biology on June 20, and led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and its Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, the University of Toronto, Harvard Medical School and Oxford University. [More]
Cabozantinib extends advanced RCC overall survival

Cabozantinib extends advanced RCC overall survival

Patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma derive a significant overall survival benefit from second-line treatment with the multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor cabozantinib relative to everolimus. [More]
Salvage alloSCT remains option for progressing CML patients

Salvage alloSCT remains option for progressing CML patients

Research demonstrates the continuing role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation as a salvage option for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia who progress to accelerated phase or blast crisis after tyrosine kinase inhibitor failure. [More]
Maintenance TKI therapy 'feasible' for high-risk CML patients after allogeneic HSCT

Maintenance TKI therapy 'feasible' for high-risk CML patients after allogeneic HSCT

Patients with high-risk chronic myeloid leukaemia who undergo allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation may benefit from continuing with tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy, US clinicians believe. [More]
Long-term dasatinib findings support first-line use in CML

Long-term dasatinib findings support first-line use in CML

Final DASISION study findings confirm dasatinib to be an effective, long-term treatment for patients with a new diagnosis of chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukaemia. [More]
Defects in cerebrospinal fluid flow may contribute to scoliosis during adolescence

Defects in cerebrospinal fluid flow may contribute to scoliosis during adolescence

A new study in zebrafish suggests that irregular fluid flow through the spinal column brought on by gene mutations is linked to a type of scoliosis that can affect humans during adolescence. [More]
Cabozantinib drug can extend lives of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma

Cabozantinib drug can extend lives of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma

Data presented today at the American Society of Clinical Oncology congress showed that cabozantinib, a next generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) can extend the lives of patients by nearly two years following failure of one or more anti-angiogenic therapies almost five months longer than everolimus, a current standard of care therapy. [More]
New study identifies PDGFRα as key molecule for HCMV viral entry

New study identifies PDGFRα as key molecule for HCMV viral entry

A publication in the scientific journal Nature Microbiology identifies PDGFRα as the receptor for the trimeric gHgLgO complex of Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). [More]
Myricitrin may play role in preventing neuronal degeneration in Parkinson's disease

Myricitrin may play role in preventing neuronal degeneration in Parkinson's disease

A new study has shown that myricitrin, a flavinoid with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity that is present inedible plants and fruit, can protect mouse brains from the loss of dopamine-producing neurons caused by neurotoxicity. [More]
Early-life stress may lead to functional dyspepsia in adulthood

Early-life stress may lead to functional dyspepsia in adulthood

Traumatic events early in life can increase levels of norepinephrine—the primary hormone responsible for preparing the body to react to stressful situations—in the gut, increasing the risk of developing chronic indigestion and anxiety during adulthood, a new study in American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology reports. [More]
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