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BUSM researchers discover role of hippocampus in future thinking

BUSM researchers discover role of hippocampus in future thinking

Over the past decade, researchers have learned that the hippocampus--historically known for its role in forming memories--is involved in much more than just remembering the past; it plays an important role in imagining events in the future. [More]
OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

A new scientific discovery may provide a future avenue for treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease. [More]

Use of Frailty Screening Initiative linked to reduced risk of postoperative mortality and illness

In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Daniel E. Hall, M.D., M.Div., M.H.Sc., of the Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System and University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues examined the effect of a Frailty Screening Initiative on death and complications by comparing the surgical outcomes of patients treated before and after implementation of the FSI. [More]
Research provides new insight into how diseases that disconnect brain and body occur

Research provides new insight into how diseases that disconnect brain and body occur

A huge colony of receptors must be optimally positioned and functioning on our muscle cells for our brains to talk with our bodies so we can walk and breathe. [More]
Home-based telemental health provides improved quality of life for depressed elderly veterans

Home-based telemental health provides improved quality of life for depressed elderly veterans

Home-based telemental health for depression is well received by patients and delivers as good a quality of life as in-person visits, according to the results of a clinical trial in 241 depressed elderly veterans reported in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry by investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center. [More]
New combinatination therapy shows promise in treating patients with traumatic brain injury

New combinatination therapy shows promise in treating patients with traumatic brain injury

A combination of the stimulant drug methylphenidate with a process known as cognitive-behavioral rehabilitation is a promising option to help people who suffer from persistent cognitive problems following traumatic brain injury, researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have reported. [More]
Diabetic patients with three major risk factors experience sharp reduction in healthy renal function

Diabetic patients with three major risk factors experience sharp reduction in healthy renal function

Patients with diabetes and suffering from acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria and uncontrolled blood sugar experience a sharp reduction in the number of years they have healthy renal function before being forced onto dialysis, according to researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. [More]
Maintaining healthy weight may be key to prevent MGUS progression to multiple myeloma

Maintaining healthy weight may be key to prevent MGUS progression to multiple myeloma

New research shows that excess weight increases the risk that a benign blood disorder will progress into multiple myeloma, a cancer of the blood. [More]
Drugs used to treat acid reflux and ulcers may increase risk of developing kidney stones and CKD

Drugs used to treat acid reflux and ulcers may increase risk of developing kidney stones and CKD

Certain medications commonly used to treat heartburn, acid reflux, and ulcers can have damaging effects on the kidneys. [More]
Veterans Affairs researchers discover alleles of certain genes that offer protection from GWI

Veterans Affairs researchers discover alleles of certain genes that offer protection from GWI

Veterans Affairs researchers have found that certain forms, or alleles, of a gene known to play a key role in the immune system appear to offer protection from Gulf War illness (GWI). Further, they discovered how such protection is manifested in the brain. [More]
Research shows CRAC channel inhibitors decrease lesion size, brain hemorrhage, and neurological deficits in TBI model

Research shows CRAC channel inhibitors decrease lesion size, brain hemorrhage, and neurological deficits in TBI model

Researchers from the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and UCSF, and CalciMedica, Inc., are presenting a poster at the 46th annual Society for Neuroscience meeting in San Diego describing the use of calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel inhibitors in traumatic brain injury (TBI). [More]
Study shows how Zika virus infection leads to production of smaller disease-causing RNAs

Study shows how Zika virus infection leads to production of smaller disease-causing RNAs

Researchers, led by scientists at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, have found basic molecular processes used by the Zika virus to "hijack" the cells that it infects and potentially how it makes molecules that are directly linked to disease. [More]
Diagnosis and management of constipation may help protect kidney health

Diagnosis and management of constipation may help protect kidney health

Researchers have discovered a link between constipation and poor kidney health. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, suggest that the diagnosis and management of constipation might be helpful for preventing or treating kidney disease. [More]
High-intensity statin treatments increase survival rates in patients with cardiovascular disease

High-intensity statin treatments increase survival rates in patients with cardiovascular disease

A large national study has confirmed the value of high-intensity statin treatments for people with cardiovascular disease, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. [More]
Scientists identify new way to block action of genetic mutations found in most cancers

Scientists identify new way to block action of genetic mutations found in most cancers

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a new way to block the action of genetic mutations found in nearly 30 percent of all cancers. [More]
Regular consumption of dietary emulsifiers promotes colorectal cancer in mice

Regular consumption of dietary emulsifiers promotes colorectal cancer in mice

Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter intestinal bacteria in a manner that promotes intestinal inflammation and colorectal cancer, according to a new study. [More]
Novel brain-focused population health management program lowers depression severity

Novel brain-focused population health management program lowers depression severity

The Aging Brain Care Medical Home, a novel brain-focused population health management program implemented in the homes of older adults, lowered depression severity by more than 50 percent over six months according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University Center for Aging Research, IU Center for Health Innovation and Implementation Science, and Eskenazi Health. [More]
Brain inflammation may have direct involvement in development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy

Brain inflammation may have direct involvement in development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy

For the first time, researchers have shown that inflammation in the brain may have direct involvement in the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). In addition, they found that the number of years one plays contact sports may predict the occurrence of CTE and that this association is partly due to increased inflammation in the brain. [More]
Researchers identify potential approach for preventing neurological problems caused by blast-related TBI

Researchers identify potential approach for preventing neurological problems caused by blast-related TBI

More than 200,000 U.S. soldiers serving in the Middle East have experienced a blast-related traumatic brain injury, making it a common health problem and concern for that population. [More]
Scientists find way to produce realistic sensations of touch in human amputees

Scientists find way to produce realistic sensations of touch in human amputees

Scientists at the University of Chicago and Case Western Reserve University have found a way to produce realistic sensations of touch in two human amputees by directly stimulating the nervous system. [More]
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