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Study shows link between RYGB surgery in obese patients and sustained long-term weight loss

Study shows link between RYGB surgery in obese patients and sustained long-term weight loss

Obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) lost much more weight than those who did not and were able to sustain most of this weight loss 10 years after surgery, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery. [More]
New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiometabolic conditions, may be a biological mechanism linking posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to structural brain abnormalities, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry. [More]
Gentle combination of FDA-approved drugs could combat photoreceptor degeneration in mice

Gentle combination of FDA-approved drugs could combat photoreceptor degeneration in mice

In microseconds, every light ray that enters the eye triggers an explosion of coordinated cellular events. [More]
Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

A contact lens designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye could improve outcomes for patients with conditions requiring treatment with eye drops, which are often imprecise and difficult to self-administer. [More]
Telemedicine could be more convenient to provide monitoring for diabetic eye care

Telemedicine could be more convenient to provide monitoring for diabetic eye care

Electronic eye exams could become popular in the U.S. among patients who see them as an easy way to visit the eye doctor. [More]
Scientists grow noroviruses in laboratory cultures of human intestinal epithelial cells

Scientists grow noroviruses in laboratory cultures of human intestinal epithelial cells

Human noroviruses - the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea around the world - have been difficult to study because scientists had not found a way to grow them in the lab. [More]
HIV-infected adults with MDD more likely to experience heart attack, study shows

HIV-infected adults with MDD more likely to experience heart attack, study shows

Among more than 26,000 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults, those with major depressive disorder (MDD) were more likely to experience a heart attack than those without MDD, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology. [More]
GSA selects Kali St. Marie Thomas as recipient of 2016 Carroll L. Estes Rising Star Award

GSA selects Kali St. Marie Thomas as recipient of 2016 Carroll L. Estes Rising Star Award

The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Kali St. Marie Thomas, PhD, MA, of Brown University and the Providence VA Medical Center as the 2016 recipient of the Carroll L. Estes Rising Star Award. [More]
Telephone postoperative clinic improves access to care, mitigates long travel distances for patients

Telephone postoperative clinic improves access to care, mitigates long travel distances for patients

Implementation of a telephone postoperative clinic at a Veterans Affairs facility significantly improved utilization of surgeon and facility resources while maintaining satisfactory patient outcomes, according to study results published as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication. [More]
Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Obesity and Type 2 diabetes are associated with vascular stiffening and the development of cardiovascular disease. [More]
Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Scientists discover underlying mechanisms of proptosis in patients with thyroid eye disease

Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have identified new underlying mechanisms of proptosis, or bulging of the eyes, in patients with acute thyroid eye disease. [More]
Ginger-derived nanoparticles may be good medicine for inflammatory bowel disease

Ginger-derived nanoparticles may be good medicine for inflammatory bowel disease

A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root. [More]
Many medical specialists accept shaken baby syndrome as valid medical diagnosis

Many medical specialists accept shaken baby syndrome as valid medical diagnosis

A University of Colorado School of Medicine researcher and colleagues have conducted the first-ever survey of physicians on the validity of "abusive head trauma" as a medical diagnosis. [More]
Obstructive sleep apnea and hypoxia linked to progression of NAFLD in obese adolescents

Obstructive sleep apnea and hypoxia linked to progression of NAFLD in obese adolescents

Researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine have published a new study showing that sleep apnea worsens non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in obese adolescents. [More]
New research shows high and low levels of HDL cholesterol may increase risk of early death

New research shows high and low levels of HDL cholesterol may increase risk of early death

Commonly touted as "good cholesterol" for helping to reduce risk of stroke and heart attack, both high and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol may increase a person's risk of premature death, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System. [More]
Combinations of FDA-approved drugs may prevent vision loss linked to retinal degeneration

Combinations of FDA-approved drugs may prevent vision loss linked to retinal degeneration

Combinations of Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs protect against the loss of cells required for vision in a mouse model of blinding retinal diseases. [More]
Researchers estimate $40 billion in annual costs to care for elderly stroke survivors

Researchers estimate $40 billion in annual costs to care for elderly stroke survivors

It's assumed that family and friends will help out in the event of a medical crisis, but that's not always feasible. And when stroke survivors need more than 20 hours of care per week, as a study in the August edition of Stroke shows, it's a large burden for their loved ones. [More]
Scientists identify novel way to target lung cancer through KRAS gene

Scientists identify novel way to target lung cancer through KRAS gene

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a new way to target lung cancer through the KRAS gene, one of the most commonly mutated genes in human cancer and one researchers have so far had difficulty targeting successfully. [More]
Mice study shows stem cell infusion could help treat glaucoma

Mice study shows stem cell infusion could help treat glaucoma

An infusion of stem cells could help restore proper drainage for fluid-clogged eyes at risk for glaucoma. That's the upshot of a study led by a Veterans Affairs and University of Iowa team. [More]
Retained metabolites may contribute to impaired cognitive function in kidney failure patients

Retained metabolites may contribute to impaired cognitive function in kidney failure patients

Retention of certain metabolites in the blood may contribute to cognitive impairment in patients with kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. [More]
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