Before you take Norvir
When you must not take it
Do not take Norvir if you have an allergy to:
any medicine containing (ritonavir)
any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
you are currently taking any of the medications listed under the section "Taking other medicines"
If Norvir is taken with other antiretroviral medicines, it is important that you also carefully read the leaflets that are
provided with these medicines. There may be additional information in those leaflets about situations when Norvir should be
Some symptoms of an allergic reaction include skin rash, itching, shortness of breath or swelling of the face, lips or tongue,
which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
Do not give Norvir to a child under the age of 12 years.
Safety and effectiveness in children younger than 12 years have not been established.
Do not take it after the expiry date printed on the bottle or if the packaging is damaged or shows signs of tampering.
If it has expired or is damaged return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
you have, or have ever had, any other health problems or medical conditions, including liver problems.
you are allergic to any other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives.
you have hepatitis B or C and are being treated with a combination of antiretroviral agents, as you are at a greater risk
of a severe and potentially life threatening reaction because of the effect on the liver. Regular blood tests may be required
to check your liver is working properly.
you have haemophilia, as there have been reports of increased bleeding in patients with haemophilia who are taking this type
of medicine (protease inhibitors). The reason for this is not known. You may need additional medicine to help your blood clot
(factor VIII), in order to control any bleeding.
you have diabetes, as there have been reports of worsening of or the development of diabetes (diabetes mellitus) in some patients
taking protease inhibitors.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are pregnant, intend to become pregnant. or are breastfeeding
Your doctor or pharmacist can discuss the risks and benefits involved.
If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell them before you take Norvir.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from
your pharmacy, supermarket or health food store.
If Norvir is taken in combination with other antiretroviral medicines, it is important that you also carefully read the leaflets
that are provided with these other medicines. There may be additional information in those leaflets about situations when
Norvir should be avoided. If you have any further questions about Norvir or the other medicines prescribed, please ask your
doctor or pharmacist.
Some medicines and Norvir may interfere with each other. These include:
astemizole or terfenadine (commonly used to treat allergy symptoms - these medicines may be available without prescription);
amiodarone, bepridil, encainide, flecainide, propafenone, quinidine (used to correct irregular heartbeats);
dihydroergotamine, ergotamine (used to treat migraine headache);
ergometrine, methylergometrine (used to stop excessive bleeding that may occur following childbirth or an abortion);
clorazepate, diazepam, estazolam, flurazepam, triazolam, midazolam, zolpidem (used to help you sleep and/or relieve anxiety);
clozapine, blonanserin, pimozide, (used to treat abnormal thoughts or feelings);
pethidine, piroxicam, dextropropoxyphene (used to relieve pain);
cisapride (used to relieve certain stomach problems);
rifabutin (used to prevent/treat certain infections);
voriconazole (used to treat fungal infections);
simvastatin, lovastatin (used to lower blood cholesterol);
alfuzosin (used to treat enlarged prostate gland);
sildenafil if you suffer from a lung disease called pulmonary arterial hypertension that makes breathing difficult. Patients
without this disease may use sildenafil for impotence (erectile dysfunction) under their doctor's supervision
products containing St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) as this may stop Norvir from working properly. St John's wort is
often used in herbal medicines that you can buy yourself.
salmeterol (used as a long acting reliever of asthma symptoms)
fusidic acid (used to treat infections)
These medicines may be affected by Norvir, or may affect how well it works. You may need to use different amounts of your
medicine, or take different medicines.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines to be careful with or to avoid while taking Norvir.
There are medicines that may not mix with Norvir because their effects could increase or decrease when taken together. In
some cases your doctor may need to perform certain tests, change the dose or monitor you regularly. This is why you should
tell your doctor if you are taking any medicines, including those you have bought yourself or herbal products, but it is especially
important to mention these:
analgesics (morphine and morphine-like medicines) used to treat severe pain (eg alfentanil, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone,
oxycodone, tramadol, codeine, heroin, hydromorphone, morphine, naloxone, naltrexone)
analgesics (NSAIDS) used to treat pain (eg diclofenac, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, indomethacin, sulindac, ketoprofen, ketorolac,
antiarrhythmics or heart medicines (eg lignocaine, disopyramide, mexiletine, digoxin, and calcium channel antagonists such
as amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil)
anti-asthmatics or asthma medicines (eg theophylline)
anti-cancer treatments (eg tamoxifen, dasatinib, nilotinib, etoposide, paclitaxel, vinblastine, vincristine, cyclophosphamide,
ifosfamide, daunorubicin, doxorubicin);
anticoagulant medicines used to thin the blood (eg warfarin, rivaroxaban)
anticonvulsant medicines (eg carbamazepine, clonazepam, ethosuximide, phenytoin, phenibarbitone, sodium valproate, lamotrigine)
antidepressants (eg amitriptyline, clomipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline, trimipramine, doxepin, desipramine, fluoxetine,
paroxetine, venlafaxine, moclobemide, fluvoxamine, nefazodone, sertraline, trazodone);
anti-diarrhoeal medicines used to treat diarrhoea (eg diphenoxylate, loperamide)
anti-emetic medicines used to treat nausea and vomiting (eg ondansetron, prochlorperazine, promethazine, metoclopramide)
antifungals (eg ketoconazole, itraconazole, miconazole);
anti-gout medicine (eg colchicine)
antihistamines (eg loratidine, azatadine, brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, diphenhydramine, mepyramine, triprolidine, cyproheptadine);
antihypertensive medicines used to treat high blood pressure (eg bosentan, triamterene, losartan, prazosin, terazosin)
anti-infective medicines (eg erythromycin, clarithromycin, clindamycin, tinidazole);
antimycobacterial medicines used to treat fungal infections (eg rifampicin)
antiparasitic medicines used to treat infections (eg quinine, proguanil, albendazole, chloroquine, mebendazole, mefloquine,
metronidazole, pentamide, praziquantel, primaquine, pyrimethamine, thiabendazole, atovaquone)
antiretroviral medicines including HIV protease inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and nucleoside
reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), maraviroc (CCR5 antagonist) and raltegravir (Integrase Inhibitor);
anti-ulcer medicines used to treat ulcers (eg lansoprazole, omeprazole, cimetidine)
anxiety medicine (eg buspirone)
beta-blockers or medicines used to treat the heart (eg metoprolol, pindolol, timolol, propranolol, betazolol, labetalol)
immune system medicines (eg cyclosporine, everolimus, tacrolimus, sirolimus)
medicine used to help you stop smoking (eg bupropion)
medicines used to treat erectile dysfunction (eg sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil, avanafil)
medicines used to treat migraines (eg bromocriptine, ergonovine, methysergide)
medicines used to treat high blood sugar levels (eg glimepiride, glipizide, glibenclamide, glyburide, tolbutamide)
medicines used to treat high cholesterol (eg fluvastatin, atorvastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, gemfibrozil)
sleeping pills (eg alprazolam, clonazepam, buspirone, other benzodiazepines, zopiclone, lorazepam, oxazepam, propofol, temazepam)
steroid-like hormones (eg dexamethasone, finasteride, flutamide, prednisone, fluticasone, budesonide, proprionate, anabolic
steroids, levonorgestrel, medroxyprogesterone, norethindrone, testosterone) ethinyloestradiol)
tranquillisers (eg chlorpromazine, haloperidol, risperidone, thioridazine, other phenothiazines)
stimulants / decongestants (eg dextromethorphan, methylphenidate, caffeine)
Norvir affects the way oral contraceptives work. Another form of contraception should be used whilst you are taking Norvir.
Norvir interacts with sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil which are used for impotence (erectile dysfunction). The dosage of
these medicines should be reduced to avoid damage to the penis. You must not take Norvir with sildenafil if you also suffer
from pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Grapefruit juice is not expected to affect the absorption of ritonavir.
How to take Norvir
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the box/bottle, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
How much to take and when to take it
The usual dose is 600mg of ritonavir twice a day (7.5mL of oral solution or 6 tablets).
How to take it
NORVIR is administered orally and should be taken with food.
Norvir tablets should be swallowed whole and not chewed, broken or crushed.
Shake the bottle well and accurately measure the dose with the dosage cup provided.
Total amounts of alcohol and propylene glycol from all medicines, including ritonavir oral solution, that are to be given
to infants should be taken into account in order to avoid toxicity from these excipients
The oral solution dosage cup should be cleaned immediately with hot soapy water after use. The dosage cup must be dry prior
The oral solution has a lingering aftertaste. It can be mixed with Ensure® or chocolate milk to improve the taste. Do not mix Norvir with water.
Eating salty foods or drinking fluids before and after taking Norvir may help clear the aftertaste from your mouth.
Taking antacids with Norvir has not been studied.
When to take it
Take your Norvir at regular twelve-hour intervals at about the same time each day.
This will have the best effect on the HIV infection. It will also help you remember when to take your medicine
How long to take it
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
Norvir helps control your HIV infection but does not cure it. Therefore, Norvir must be taken every day. Continue taking
Norvir for as long as your doctor prescribes. If a side effect is preventing you from taking Norvir, tell your doctor straight
Always keep enough Norvir on hand so you don't run out. When you travel or need to stay in the hospital, make sure you have
enough Norvir to last until you can get a new supply.
Even if you feel better, do not stop taking Norvir without talking to your doctor. Taking Norvir as recommended should give
you the best chance of delaying resistance to the medicines. You may continue to develop infections or other illnesses associated
with HIV disease while you are taking Norvir.
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for you to take your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
This may increase the chance of getting an unwanted side effect.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for hints.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone Australia 13 11 26 or New Zealand 0800 764766),
or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much Norvir.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of an overdose may include tingling, pricking, or numbness of the skin .
While you are using Norvir
Things you must do
If you become pregnant while you are taking this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
It is not known if Norvir passes into breast milk. To avoid transmitting the infection, mothers with HIV should not breast
feed their babies.
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Norvir.
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon that you are taking this medicine.
If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine.
It may interfere with the results of some tests.
Keep all of your doctor's appointments so that your progress can be checked.
Your doctor may do some tests from time to time to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent unwanted side effects.
Things you must not do
Do not use this medicine to treat any other complaints unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you to.
Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not stop taking Norvir, or lower the dosage, without checking with your doctor.
Do not let yourself run out of medicine over weekends or on holidays.
Things to be careful of
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how Norvir affects you.
Norvir generally does not cause problems with your ability to drive a car or operate machinery. However, as with many medicines,
Norvir may cause dizziness in some people. Make sure you know how you react to Norvir before you drive a car or operate machinery.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Norvir.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.
Frequently, it is difficult to tell whether side effects are the result of taking Norvir, effects of the HIV disease or side
effects of other medicines you may be taking. For this reason, it is very important to inform your doctor of any change in
your condition. Your doctor may want to change your dose or advise you to stop taking Norvir.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
feeling of weakness
change in taste sensation
feeling weak / tired
The above list includes the more common side effects of your medicine. They are usually mild and short-lived.
The following side effects have also been reported:
allergic reactions including skin rashes (may be red, raised, itchy), severe swelling of the skin and other tissues
difficulty in breathing
flushing of the skin (vasodilation)
changes in fat distribution
inability to sleep (insomnia)
unusual sensitivity of the skin
loss of appetite
laboratory test results: changes in blood test results (such as blood chemistry and blood count)
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:
jaundice (yellowing of the skin or whites of eyes)
muscle pain, tenderness or weakness
hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)
The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:
severe or life threatening skin reaction including blisters (Stevens Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis)
serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
high levels of sugar in the blood
The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention. These side effects are rare.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some people. The long-term effects of Norvir are unknown at this time.
Tell your doctor if you notice any other effects.