Abstinence News and Research RSS Feed - Abstinence News and Research

Abstinence is a voluntary restraint from indulging a desire or appetite for certain bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure. Most frequently, the term refers to abstention from sexual intercourse, alcohol or food. The practice can arise from religious prohibitions or practical considerations.
XenoPort initiates XP23829 Phase 2 clinical trial in patients with psoriasis

XenoPort initiates XP23829 Phase 2 clinical trial in patients with psoriasis

XenoPort, Inc. announced today that it has initiated a Phase 2 clinical trial of XP23829, its proprietary investigational next-generation fumaric acid product candidate. The trial is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of XP23829 as a potential treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque-type psoriasis. [More]
Special issue explores trends related to unmet need for contraception

Special issue explores trends related to unmet need for contraception

Studies in Family Planning, a leading journal published by the Population Council, released "Unmet Need for Family Planning"-a special issue featuring ten articles, including a comprehensive introduction to the topic of unmet need. [More]
Text messages to smokers' mobile phones help quit smoking

Text messages to smokers' mobile phones help quit smoking

Sending smokers individualized text messages to their mobile phones was found to be twice as effective at helping them quit smoking compared to simply providing self-help materials, according to a study in American Journal of Preventive Medicine. [More]
Study: Mobile phone program doubles the chances that smokers will quit

Study: Mobile phone program doubles the chances that smokers will quit

More than 11 percent of smokers who used a text- messaging program to help them quit did so and remained smoke free at the end of a six- month study as compared to just 5 percent of controls, according to a new report by researchers at Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University (Milken Institute SPH.) [More]
Cannabis use affects size and shape of sperm in young men

Cannabis use affects size and shape of sperm in young men

Young men who use cannabis may be putting their fertility at risk by inadvertently affecting the size and shape of their sperm according to research published today (Thursday 5 June 2014). [More]
Family planning linked to better child and maternal health, says study

Family planning linked to better child and maternal health, says study

Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and unplanned pregnancies are associated with poorer health and lower rates of educational and economic achievement for women and their children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [More]
New intervention program may benefit chronically homeless, alcohol-dependent individuals

New intervention program may benefit chronically homeless, alcohol-dependent individuals

Chronically homeless, alcohol-dependent individuals might benefit from a new intervention that does not require them to stop or even reduce drinking, according to the results of a preliminary study in Seattle. [More]
Several medications can help people with alcohol use disorders quit drinking

Several medications can help people with alcohol use disorders quit drinking

Several medications can help people with alcohol use disorders maintain abstinence or reduce drinking, according to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. [More]
Drinking alcohol before pregnancy linked to intestinal birth defect

Drinking alcohol before pregnancy linked to intestinal birth defect

Women should refrain from drinking alcohol before they try to become pregnant, according to maternal-fetal medicine specialists at Loyola University Health System. [More]
UTMB awarded $6.6 million grant to establish Translational Addiction Sciences Center

UTMB awarded $6.6 million grant to establish Translational Addiction Sciences Center

The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded a five-year, $6.6 million grant to the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston to establish the Translational Addiction Sciences Center. The center will investigate the mechanisms underlying addiction with the goal of discovering and validating novel treatment options. [More]
Researchers develop effective behavioral economic approach that offers women financial incentives to quit smoking

Researchers develop effective behavioral economic approach that offers women financial incentives to quit smoking

Smoking during pregnancy - particularly among economically-disadvantaged women - leads to a host of poor pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage, preterm birth, SIDS, and additional adverse effects later in life. Without a formal treatment intervention, women in this population continue to smoke, and their babies suffer. [More]
Researchers receive $3.7M NIH grant to develop anti-smoking program for HIV-infected smoker

Researchers receive $3.7M NIH grant to develop anti-smoking program for HIV-infected smoker

Montefiore Medical Center researchers have received a $3.7 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop an anti-smoking program for HIV-infected smokers. [More]
Research findings have important implications for personalized treatment of alcohol abuse

Research findings have important implications for personalized treatment of alcohol abuse

Heavy drinking is common in the United States and takes a personal and societal toll, with an annual estimated cost of $223.5 billion due to losses in workplace productivity, health care and criminal justice expenses. [More]
Topiramate reduces drinking in patients committed to abstinence from alcohol

Topiramate reduces drinking in patients committed to abstinence from alcohol

Heavy drinking alcohol consumption is common in the United States and takes a personal and societal toll, with an annual estimated cost of $223.5 billion due to losses in workplace productivity, and health care and criminal justice expenses. [More]
Outcome good for patients with dual alcohol use and affective disorders

Outcome good for patients with dual alcohol use and affective disorders

Alcohol use disorders in patients with depression or bipolar disorder can be successfully treated with intervention and follow-up, say researchers. [More]
Aetna is helping to reverse abuse of prescription painkillers

Aetna is helping to reverse abuse of prescription painkillers

Abuse of prescription painkillers, known as opioids, is a widespread and growing problem in the United States. The epidemic adds billions of dollars to health care, work place and criminal justice costs each year. [More]
Study: Combined medications may improve smoking cessation than single drug therapy

Study: Combined medications may improve smoking cessation than single drug therapy

Among cigarette smokers, combining the smoking cessation medications varenicline and bupropion, compared with varenicline alone, resulted in higher smoking abstinence rates for one outcome but not the other at three and six months; rates were similar at one year, according to a Mayo Clinic study published this month in JAMA. [More]
Cognitive rest can benefit patients diagnosed with concussion

Cognitive rest can benefit patients diagnosed with concussion

A study of 335 teen athletes diagnosed with concussion suggests that patients who comply with cognitive rest limits may recover faster than those who engage in increased cognitive activity, such as texting, reading and playing video games. [More]
HAMS offers evidence-based strategies to help change drinking habits for the better

HAMS offers evidence-based strategies to help change drinking habits for the better

Every year at New Year's millions of people make resolutions to change habits such as drinking alcohol, smoking, overeating, exercise, etc. However, research by Richard Wiseman from the University of Bristol shows that only 12% of New Year's resolutions succeed; the other 88% fail. What is the difference between those who succeed and those who fail? Do some of us have wills of iron whereas others have wills of Silly Putty? Not at all. [More]
Coupling meditation-like practices with drug and behavior therapies more helpful in tackling addiction

Coupling meditation-like practices with drug and behavior therapies more helpful in tackling addiction

Using a computational model of addiction, a literature review and an in silico experiment, theoretical computer scientist Yariv Levy and colleagues suggest in a new paper this week that rehabilitation strategies coupling meditation-like practices with drug and behavior therapies are more helpful than drug-plus-talk therapy alone when helping people overcome addiction. [More]