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Asthma is a common inflammatory disease affecting the airways that leads to shortness of breath, coughing and wheezing. Symptoms range from mild to severe but are generally manageable with appropriate treatment.

When asthmatics come into contact with something that irritates their lungs, three main changes occur that prevent air from moving easily through the airways. The bands of muscle surrounding the airways tighten and narrow the airway (bronchospasm), the lining of the airways inflame, and the cells that line the airways produce more mucus. This bronchospasm, inflammation, and mucus production lead to wheezing, coughing and difficulty in breathing.

An asthma “attack” refers to when the onset of symptoms is severe. In rare cases, an asthma attack can be life threatening and hospitalization may be required to provide emergency treatment.
The exact cause of asthma is not yet clear, but examples of factors that are known to trigger the condition include allergens such as house dust mites or pollen, cigarette smoke, exercise, chest infections, and exposure to cold air.

Asthma cannot be cured but it can be controlled. One of the most important parts of asthma control is identifying asthma triggers so they can be avoided wherever possible. Medications that may be used include anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling and mucus production and bronchodilators to relax the muscles that tighten and narrow the airways.
Researchers find strong association between lifestyles of indigenous communities and gut microbiome

Researchers find strong association between lifestyles of indigenous communities and gut microbiome

An international team of researchers led by the University of Oklahoma has discovered a strong association between the lifestyles of indigenous communities and their gut microbial ecologies (gut microbiome), a study that may have implications for the health of all people. [More]
Qualcomm Life, AMC Health to accelerate transformation of health care delivery for at-risk patients

Qualcomm Life, AMC Health to accelerate transformation of health care delivery for at-risk patients

Qualcomm Life, Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, and AMC Health, a privately held provider of 'real-time' patient management solutions, today announced a collaborative effort to accelerate the transformation of chronic care and population health management by significantly enhancing connectivity and care coordination for at-risk patients, specifically those with heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, asthma or COPD, in a cost-effective manner. [More]
Egalet announces plans to commercialize SPRIX Nasal Spray and OXAYDO tablets

Egalet announces plans to commercialize SPRIX Nasal Spray and OXAYDO tablets

Egalet Corporation, a fully integrated specialty pharmaceutical company focused on developing, manufacturing and marketing innovative pain treatments, today announced its plans for the commercialization of SPRIX (ketorolac tromethamine) Nasal Spray and OXAYDO (oxycodone HCI, USP) tablets for oral use only –CII. [More]
Montefiore physician offers tips for seasonal allergy sufferers

Montefiore physician offers tips for seasonal allergy sufferers

This winter was one of the coldest on record, but spring allergy season is already beginning and it's time for sufferers to start preparing now. [More]
AIR Louisville to use digital health technology to improve asthma

AIR Louisville to use digital health technology to improve asthma

Today marks the start of AIR Louisville, the first-of-its-kind data-driven collaboration among public, private and philanthropic organizations to use digital health technology to improve asthma. Kentucky has the fourth highest adult asthma prevalence in the US and Louisville consistently ranks among the top 20 "most challenging" cities to live in with asthma. [More]
Ensocare to serve as authorized re-seller for iMPak's medication management system

Ensocare to serve as authorized re-seller for iMPak's medication management system

An agreement was reached today between Ensocare and New Jersey-based iMPak Health to include iMPak's innovative medication management system, Kraken, as part of the Ensocare sales portfolio. Ensocare will serve as an authorized re-seller for the Kraken system, which may be sold alone or, in the future, as an integrated feature inside of Ensocare's Sync and Connect software engines. [More]
UL GEMS students host third annual Teddy Bear Hospital event for primary school children

UL GEMS students host third annual Teddy Bear Hospital event for primary school children

Medical School students at the University of Limerick today hosted the University’s annual Teddy Bear Hospital (TBH) with over 400 Limerick’s primary school children from 6 different schools and their teddy bears. The aim of the event, which has been organised by six current Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS) students with a particular interest in childhood medicine, is to alleviate childhood anxiety about the medical environment, its procedures and the professionals that work within it. [More]
New research lays groundwork for developing treatments for asthma, COPD

New research lays groundwork for developing treatments for asthma, COPD

In diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the body produces too much mucus, making breathing difficult. New research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis provides clues to potentially counteract inappropriate mucus production. [More]
Egalet announces net revenues of $1.9 million for 2014

Egalet announces net revenues of $1.9 million for 2014

Egalet Corporation today reported financial results for the year ended December 31, 2014. [More]
Exposure to diesel exhaust may exacerbate respiratory diseases

Exposure to diesel exhaust may exacerbate respiratory diseases

Researchers in the UK have, for the first time, shown how exhaust pollution from diesel engines is able to affect nerves within the lung. Air pollution is a significant threat to health, they say, and identifying potential mechanisms linking exposure to diesel exhaust and the exacerbation of respiratory diseases may lead to treatments for those affected. [More]
MGH study suggests that bariatric surgery can reduce risk of asthma attacks

MGH study suggests that bariatric surgery can reduce risk of asthma attacks

A study led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators suggests that bariatric surgery can significantly reduce the risk of asthma attacks - also called exacerbations - in obese patients with asthma. [More]
Gottlieb Allergy Count kicks off its first report of 2015

Gottlieb Allergy Count kicks off its first report of 2015

Those in the Midwest with sensitive respiratory systems will find relief beginning Monday, March 16 as the Gottlieb Allergy Count kicks off its first report of 2015. The Gottlieb Allergy Count is the official daily allergy count for the Midwest. [More]
Early mobility therapy improves outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Early mobility therapy improves outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung condition that affects approximately 200,000 people a year in the United States and has a higher mortality rate than breast and prostate cancer combined. The condition most often occurs in people who are critically ill or who have significant injuries; those who do survive it often experience profound skeletal muscle weakness. [More]
Repeatedly exposing children to secondhand smoke is child abuse, argues Adam Goldstein

Repeatedly exposing children to secondhand smoke is child abuse, argues Adam Goldstein

Purposefully and repeatedly exposing children to secondhand smoke — a known human carcinogen — is child abuse, according to an opinion piece written by Adam Goldstein, MD, MPH, a professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine. [More]
Somna Therapeutics receives FDA clearance to market REZA BAND UES Assist Device in U.S.

Somna Therapeutics receives FDA clearance to market REZA BAND UES Assist Device in U.S.

Somna Therapeutics today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration cleared the REZA BAND UES Assist Device for marketing in the U.S. The REZA BAND is a ground-breaking, new, externally-worn, non-medication, non-surgical medical device designed to reduce symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) by stopping regurgitation of stomach contents through the upper esophageal sphincter (UES). [More]
Phthalate exposure in pregnancy adversely affects masculinization of male genitals in babies

Phthalate exposure in pregnancy adversely affects masculinization of male genitals in babies

Exposure to hormone-altering chemicals called phthalates - which are found in many plastics, foods and personal care products - early in pregnancy is associated with a disruption in an essential pregnancy hormone and adversely affects the masculinization of male genitals in the baby, according to research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. [More]

Preventing lung infections in childhood could help people with cystic fibrosis during adulthood

Preventing lung infections in childhood could stop later life-threatening infections for people with cystic fibrosis (CF), according to the latest research carried out at Aston University. [More]
Smoking during pregnancy increases ovarian and breast cancer risks for daughters

Smoking during pregnancy increases ovarian and breast cancer risks for daughters

A new study has found women who smoke when pregnant are putting their daughters at a greater risk of developing ovarian and breast cancer later in life. [More]
Study: Pregnant women need to avoid antibiotics to prevent asthma development in children

Study: Pregnant women need to avoid antibiotics to prevent asthma development in children

Getting sick when you're pregnant is especially difficult, but women whose children are at risk for developing asthma should avoid antibiotics, according to a new study. [More]
New article shows how marijuana can act as an allergen

New article shows how marijuana can act as an allergen

Growing up, you may have been given reasons for not smoking marijuana. What you may not have heard is that marijuana, like other pollen-bearing plants, is an allergen which can cause allergic responses. [More]
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