Calcium News and Research

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Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids). Calcium is required for muscle contraction, blood vessel expansion and contraction, secretion of hormones and enzymes, and transmitting impulses throughout the nervous system. The body strives to maintain constant concentrations of calcium in blood, muscle, and intercellular fluids, though less than <1% of total body calcium is needed to support these functions.

The remaining 99% of the body's calcium supply is stored in the bones and teeth where it supports their structure. Bone itself undergoes continuous remodeling, with constant resorption and deposition of calcium into new bone. The balance between bone resorption and deposition changes with age. Bone formation exceeds resorption in growing children, whereas in early and middle adulthood both processes are relatively equal. In aging adults, particularly among postmenopausal women, bone breakdown exceeds formation, resulting in bone loss that increases the risk of osteoporosis over time.
Systematic Review reveals safe levels of caffeine intake

Systematic Review reveals safe levels of caffeine intake

Study shows magnesium supplements can reduce chances of breaking a bone

Study shows magnesium supplements can reduce chances of breaking a bone

Atomic resolution structure of key molecule may contribute to drug discovery for devastating conditions

Atomic resolution structure of key molecule may contribute to drug discovery for devastating conditions

TSRI study could lead to personalized treatments for alcohol dependence

TSRI study could lead to personalized treatments for alcohol dependence

Investigational device aims to minimize risk of cerebral damage during TAVR

Investigational device aims to minimize risk of cerebral damage during TAVR

Study identifies potential link between genes and treatment response in children with CAE

Study identifies potential link between genes and treatment response in children with CAE

Researchers identify genetic cause of rare neurological movement disorder

Researchers identify genetic cause of rare neurological movement disorder

Researchers explore how sea urchins take up calcium to build hard spines

Researchers explore how sea urchins take up calcium to build hard spines

Sodium citrate nasal spray could offer temporary improvement in ability to smell

Sodium citrate nasal spray could offer temporary improvement in ability to smell

BioDirection's TBI detection system shows potential to reduce unnecessary CT scans

BioDirection's TBI detection system shows potential to reduce unnecessary CT scans

Amgen, UCB present romosozumab Phase 2 results at ENDO 2017

Amgen, UCB present romosozumab Phase 2 results at ENDO 2017

Cow's milk decreases the body's ability to absorb oral thyroid hormone medication

Cow's milk decreases the body's ability to absorb oral thyroid hormone medication

Five simple tests provide more accurate assessment of heart-disease risk

Five simple tests provide more accurate assessment of heart-disease risk

UAB chemists design microcapsules for guided drug delivery system to target solid tumors

UAB chemists design microcapsules for guided drug delivery system to target solid tumors

Fluctuation in intracellular calcium ion concentration impacts brain shape

Fluctuation in intracellular calcium ion concentration impacts brain shape

Study shows protective link between consumption of legumes and risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Study shows protective link between consumption of legumes and risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Researchers use mathematical modeling to raise density of bones badly degraded by osteoporosis

Researchers use mathematical modeling to raise density of bones badly degraded by osteoporosis

Higher vitamin D levels linked to lower cancer risk, study suggests

Higher vitamin D levels linked to lower cancer risk, study suggests

Research helps elucidate mechanisms behind low-level laser therapy in treating neuropathic pain

Research helps elucidate mechanisms behind low-level laser therapy in treating neuropathic pain

New high-speed computational software could reveal deeper insights into neuronal function

New high-speed computational software could reveal deeper insights into neuronal function