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Noninvasive FMRI may help evaluate effectiveness of new pain medications

Noninvasive FMRI may help evaluate effectiveness of new pain medications

New research may allow new, more effective and safer pain medications to reach patients who suffer from chronic pain sooner. According to a recent study published in Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI), to measure the brain's neural response to pain, may be a viable tool for evaluating the effectiveness of new pain medications during the early stages of human drug development - providing the needed objective evidence to prevent the premature discarding of potentially beneficial therapies. [More]
New breakthrough advances our understanding of how brain detects, prevents dehydration

New breakthrough advances our understanding of how brain detects, prevents dehydration

Scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and Duke University have made a breakthrough that advances our understanding of how the brain detects and prevents dehydration. [More]
Compound responsible for chilis' heat may help kill prostate cancer cells

Compound responsible for chilis' heat may help kill prostate cancer cells

Capsaicin, the compound responsible for chilis' heat, is used in creams sold to relieve pain, and recent research shows that in high doses, it kills prostate cancer cells. Now researchers are finding clues that help explain how the substance works. Their conclusions suggest that one day it could come in a new, therapeutic form. [More]
Hot chilli may be the key to lose weight, say Adelaide University researchers

Hot chilli may be the key to lose weight, say Adelaide University researchers

University of Adelaide researchers have discovered a high-fat diet may impair important receptors located in the stomach that signal fullness. [More]
Eating spicy food regularly may help us live longer

Eating spicy food regularly may help us live longer

People who consume spicy foods regularly throughout the week have a 14% lower risk of death than people who eat them less than once a week, suggests a study of Chinese individuals. [More]
UC Davis research paves way for designing more effective drugs to relieve pain

UC Davis research paves way for designing more effective drugs to relieve pain

UC Davis researchers have identified the molecular interactions that allow capsaicin to activate the body's primary receptor for sensing heat and pain, paving the way for the design of more selective and effective drugs to relieve pain. Their study appeared online June 8 in the journal Nature Chemical Biology. [More]
Cough reflex sensitivity diminishes in participants exposed to e-cigarette, shows study

Cough reflex sensitivity diminishes in participants exposed to e-cigarette, shows study

With just one exposure to electronic-cigarette (e-cigarette) vapor, participants in a study of 30 healthy subjects demonstrated a diminishment of cough reflex sensitivity. [More]

Capsaicin has beneficial effects on liver damage, study reveals

Results revealed today at the International Liver Congress 2015 show that the daily consumption of capsaicin, the active compound of chilli peppers, was found to have beneficial effects on liver damage. [More]
Chili peppers show promise as diet-based supplement

Chili peppers show promise as diet-based supplement

Don't go chomping on a handful of chili peppers just yet, but there may be help for hopeful dieters in those fiery little Native American fruits. [More]
Unmet medication need in neuropathic pain

Unmet medication need in neuropathic pain

A systematic review and meta-analysis reveals that current treatments for neuropathic pain achieve only a moderate response in patients. [More]
TSRI scientists find simple method to convert human skin cells into sensory neurons

TSRI scientists find simple method to convert human skin cells into sensory neurons

A team led by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute has found a simple method to convert human skin cells into the specialized neurons that detect pain, itch, touch and other bodily sensations. These neurons are also affected by spinal cord injury and involved in Friedreich's ataxia, a devastating and currently incurable neurodegenerative disease that largely strikes children. [More]
Study shows diphenhydramine suppresses cough reflex sensitivity with Dr. Cocoa formulation

Study shows diphenhydramine suppresses cough reflex sensitivity with Dr. Cocoa formulation

Cough is among the most common complaints for which patients seek medical attention. Leading cough researcher Peter V. Dicpinigaitis, M.D., Professor of Clinical Medicine at New York's Albert Einstein College of Medicine, recently conducted a new cough challenge study among adults, whose results were first presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress in September 2014. [More]
Researchers find potential new way to better control immune-mediated diseases

Researchers find potential new way to better control immune-mediated diseases

Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that T-cells - a type of white blood cell that learns to recognize and attack microbial pathogens - are activated by a pain receptor. [More]
Highlights from the August issue of Mayo Clinic Health Letter

Highlights from the August issue of Mayo Clinic Health Letter

Here are highlights from the August issue of Mayo Clinic Health Letter. You may cite this publication as often as you wish. Reprinting is allowed for a fee. Mayo Clinic Health Letter attribution is required. [More]
Scientists explore chili pepper's effect to develop new drug candidate for pain

Scientists explore chili pepper's effect to develop new drug candidate for pain

Biting into a chili pepper causes a burning spiciness that is irresistible to some, but intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper's effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain, which can be caused by inflammation or other problems. [More]
Study: Spicy capsaicin can reduce risk of colorectal tumors

Study: Spicy capsaicin can reduce risk of colorectal tumors

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that dietary capsaicin - the active ingredient in chili peppers - produces chronic activation of a receptor on cells lining the intestines of mice, triggering a reaction that ultimately reduces the risk of colorectal tumors. [More]

New method to repair pain

A study published in the scientific journal Nature Neuroscience by Yves De Koninck and Robert Bonin, two researchers at Universit- Laval, reveals that it is possible to relieve pain hypersensitivity using a new method that involves rekindling pain so that it can subsequently be erased. [More]
Pain receptors may hold key to treating obesity, diabetes and improving metabolic health

Pain receptors may hold key to treating obesity, diabetes and improving metabolic health

Blocking a pain receptor in mice not only extends their lifespan, it also gives them a more youthful metabolism, including an improved insulin response that allows them to deal better with high blood sugar. [More]
Acorda gets FDA Complete Response Letter for PLUMIAZ Nasal Spray NDA

Acorda gets FDA Complete Response Letter for PLUMIAZ Nasal Spray NDA

Acorda Therapeutics, Inc. today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a Complete Response Letter (CRL) for the New Drug Application (NDA) for PLUMIAZ (diazepam) Nasal Spray for the treatment of people with epilepsy who experience cluster seizures. [More]
Researchers locate two molecules involved in perpetuating chronic pain

Researchers locate two molecules involved in perpetuating chronic pain

Setting the stage for possible advances in pain treatment, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland report they have pinpointed two molecules involved in perpetuating chronic pain in mice. The molecules, they say, also appear to have a role in the phenomenon that causes uninjured areas of the body to be more sensitive to pain when an area nearby has been hurt. [More]
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