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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk.
TSRI scientists discover new HIV target

TSRI scientists discover new HIV target

A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) working with the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) has discovered a new vulnerable site on the HIV virus. The newly identified site can be attacked by human antibodies in a way that neutralizes the infectivity of a wide variety of HIV strains. [More]
New device uses space-tested concept of capillary flow to diagnose infectious diseases

New device uses space-tested concept of capillary flow to diagnose infectious diseases

A new medical-testing device is being prepped to enter the battle against infectious disease. This instrument could improve diagnosis of certain diseases in remote areas, thanks in part to knowledge gained from a series of investigations aboard the International Space Station on the behavior of liquids. The device uses the space-tested concept of capillary flow to diagnose infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. [More]
LSTM researchers to conduct extensive research on HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in African children

LSTM researchers to conduct extensive research on HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in African children

​Researchers from LSTM have called for more research to be carried out into HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in children in sub-Saharan Africa. [More]
Deaths from viral Hepatitis B and C exceed deaths caused by HIV/AIDS

Deaths from viral Hepatitis B and C exceed deaths caused by HIV/AIDS

Deaths from viral Hepatitis B and C have surpassed HIV/AIDS in many countries, including Australia and in Western Europe, according to an analysis of the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study. [More]

Research on HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in sub-Saharan Africa children

Paper shows that more work is needed to fully understand the consequences of coinfection. Researchers from LSTM have called for more research to be carried out into HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in children in sub-Saharan Africa. [More]

Sneeze and cough generate cloud of invisible gas that propels droplets of infectious material

Each sneeze, cough or burp generates a cloud of invisible gas that propels droplets of infectious material farther than originally thought, and smaller droplets actually travel farther than larger ones. A new study from MIT researchers published in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics says this gas cloud extends the reach of droplets by 5 to 200 times. [More]
Community efforts boost people for HIV testing and reduce new infections

Community efforts boost people for HIV testing and reduce new infections

Communities in Africa and Thailand that worked together on HIV-prevention efforts saw not only a rise in HIV screening but a drop in new infections, according to a new study in the peer-reviewed journal The Lancet Global Health. [More]
Research may provide insight into identifying, helping children with emotional behavior issues

Research may provide insight into identifying, helping children with emotional behavior issues

Research on children orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight on how to identify and help children with emotional behavior issues in other areas of the world, which may have limited access to healthcare and further research that could lead to successful interventions. [More]

Federal district court enforces settlement between Mylan and Endo Pharmaceuticals on generic FROVA

Mylan Inc. today confirmed that a federal district court has granted its request to enforce a settlement agreement between Endo Pharmaceuticals and Mylan settling patent litigation in connection with Mylan's filing of an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for Frovatriptan Succinate Tablets, 2.5 mg. [More]
Viral hepatitis linked to more deaths than HIV across EU countries

Viral hepatitis linked to more deaths than HIV across EU countries

Mortality from viral hepatitis is significantly higher than from HIV/AIDS across EU countries, according to results from The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) which was announced for the first time today at the International Liver CongressTM 2014. [More]

Portrait of newly insured takes shape

Early enrollees in the health law's marketplaces were more likely to use expensive specialty drugs and less likely to use contraceptives, according to an analysis of two months of drug claims data by Express Scripts. A Rand analysis, meanwhile, argues that most of the newly insured signed up with an employer rather than buying it through the marketplaces. [More]
First Edition: April 9, 2014

First Edition: April 9, 2014

Today's headlines include coverage of the release of Medicare billing and utilization data, as well as early insights into who enrolled in health coverage as a result of the health law. [More]
Virginia Mason wins Healthgrades Outstanding Patient Experience Award for second consecutive year

Virginia Mason wins Healthgrades Outstanding Patient Experience Award for second consecutive year

Virginia Mason was today named a recipient of Healthgrades Outstanding Patient Experience Award for the second consecutive year. This distinction places it among the top 10 percent of hospitals in the nation for patient experience. [More]
Bezos family gifts $20M to Fred Hutchinson scientists for development of novel cancer immunotherapies

Bezos family gifts $20M to Fred Hutchinson scientists for development of novel cancer immunotherapies

​Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists striving for new cancer cures - and the patients who stand to benefit from them - got an enormous boost today when the Bezos family committed $20 million to support the development of novel cancer immunotherapies. It is the largest single contribution in Fred Hutch's history. [More]

Transplant drugs may help defeat HIV

Drugs that are currently given to prevent organ rejection in patients who have received a transplant may offer a new approach to curing HIV, say researchers. [More]
JPIAMR outlines steps to minimise antimicrobial resistance

JPIAMR outlines steps to minimise antimicrobial resistance

Antibiotics have saved millions of lives from once deadly infectious diseases. But, misuse of antibiotics and other antimicrobials in humans and animals has led to bacteria evolving resistance. [More]
Study shows important parallels between epidemic of HIV/AIDS and opioid addiction

Study shows important parallels between epidemic of HIV/AIDS and opioid addiction

​There are important parallels between the early years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the current epidemic of opioid addiction - ones that could trigger a significant shift in opioid addiction prevention, diagnosis and treatment. [More]

Teva granted certiorari petition related to Mylan's ANDA for Copaxone

Mylan Inc. announced that today the Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari in Mylan's patent litigation against Teva relating to Mylan's Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) for glatiramer acetate (Copaxone). [More]

Men with long-term HIV infections at higher risk of developing plaque in their coronary arteries

Men with long-term HIV infections are at higher risk than uninfected men of developing plaque in their coronary arteries, regardless of their other risk factors for coronary artery disease, according to results of a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers. A report on the research appears in the April 1 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. [More]
New approach can improve patient outcomes, reduce complications in complex spine surgeries

New approach can improve patient outcomes, reduce complications in complex spine surgeries

A new team approach has improved safety-reducing rates of major complications by two thirds-for complex spinal reconstructive surgery for spinal deformity in adult Group Health patients at Virginia Mason Hospital & Seattle Medical Center. [More]