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The hippocampus is a part of the forebrain, located in the medial temporal lobe. It belongs to the limbic system and plays major roles in short term memory and spatial navigation. Humans and other mammals have two hippocampi, one in each side of the brain.
Study to explain how brain reorganizes itself as children learn math facts

Study to explain how brain reorganizes itself as children learn math facts

As children learn basic arithmetic, they gradually switch from solving problems by counting on their fingers to pulling facts from memory. The shift comes more easily for some kids than for others, but no one knows why. [More]
Individual’s genetic make-up determines effect of stress on emotional centres

Individual’s genetic make-up determines effect of stress on emotional centres

Our individual genetic make-up determines the effect that stress has on our emotional centres. These are the findings of a group of researchers from the MedUni Vienna. Not every individual reacts in the same way to life events that produce the same degree of stress. [More]
Study suggests autophagy is involved in the onset of vascular dementia

Study suggests autophagy is involved in the onset of vascular dementia

Autophagy is a basic catabolic mechanism by which unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components are degraded by lysosomes. [More]
7.0T NMR spectroscopy detects lesions in hippocampal neurons of Alzheimer's disease

7.0T NMR spectroscopy detects lesions in hippocampal neurons of Alzheimer's disease

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy can quantitatively analyze in vivo abnormalities of biochemical metabolism within brain tissue in a noninvasive and non-radioactive manner. [More]
UC Davis researcher receives NSSEFF grant to advance new work on learning and memory

UC Davis researcher receives NSSEFF grant to advance new work on learning and memory

Professor Charan Ranganath of the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Psychology has received a National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship from the U.S. Department of Defense. [More]
Researchers find differences in brain wiring between children with SPD and those with autism

Researchers find differences in brain wiring between children with SPD and those with autism

Researchers at UC San Francisco have found that children with sensory processing disorders have decreased structural brain connections in specific sensory regions different than those in autism, further establishing SPD as a clinically important neurodevelopmental disorder. [More]
Study provides potential drug targets for transient cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury

Study provides potential drug targets for transient cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury

Mitochondria play an important role in neuronal apoptosis caused by cerebral ischemia. Researchers at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, China discovered transient ischemia led to cell apoptosis in the hippocampus and changes in memory and cognition of aged rats. [More]
Neuroscientists shed new light on how the brain works

Neuroscientists shed new light on how the brain works

Neuroscientists in Bonn and Heidelberg have succeeded in providing new insights into how the brain works. Researchers at the DZNE and the German Cancer Research Center analyzed tissue samples from mice to identify how two specific proteins, ‘CKAMP44’ and ‘TARP Gamma-8’, act upon the brain’s memory center. [More]
New therapeutic interventions that target brain regions can prevent obesity

New therapeutic interventions that target brain regions can prevent obesity

Unlocking the secrets to better treating the pernicious disorders of obesity and dementia reside in the brain, according to a paper from American University's Center for Behavioral Neuroscience. [More]
Research leads to better understanding of neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental diseases

Research leads to better understanding of neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental diseases

Throughout our lives, our brains adapt to what we learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured. [More]
Drug paraphernalia triggers reward areas of brain differently in marijuana users

Drug paraphernalia triggers reward areas of brain differently in marijuana users

New research from The University of Texas at Dallas demonstrates that drug paraphernalia triggers the reward areas of the brain differently in dependent and non-dependent marijuana users. [More]
Study reveals way to alleviate memory deficits for Alzheimer's disease patients

Study reveals way to alleviate memory deficits for Alzheimer's disease patients

A new study from the Gladstone Institutes has revealed a way to alleviate the learning and memory deficits caused by apoE4, the most important genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, improving cognition to normal levels in aged mice. [More]

Marginal division of striatum plays similar function in learning and memory to hippocampus

In addition to the hippocampus, the marginal division of the striatum is also involved in learning and memory. [More]
New data on possible protective behaviors and dementia risk factors emerges at AAIC- 2014

New data on possible protective behaviors and dementia risk factors emerges at AAIC- 2014

Participation in activities that promote mental activity, and moderate physical activity in middle age, may help protect against the development of Alzheimer's disease and dementia in later life, according to new research reported today at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference- 2014 (AAIC- 2014) in Copenhagen. [More]
ADSC transplantation promotes adult neurogenesis in brains of Alzheimer's disease mice

ADSC transplantation promotes adult neurogenesis in brains of Alzheimer's disease mice

Recent evidence has demonstrated that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells can stimulate neurogenesis in the brain of adult rat or mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and improve tissue and function injury under the condition of cerebral ischemia. [More]
Eye exam for beta-amyloid correlates with levels in brain, detects people with Alzheimer's

Eye exam for beta-amyloid correlates with levels in brain, detects people with Alzheimer's

A decreased ability to identify odors might indicate the development of cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease, while examinations of the eye could indicate the build-up of beta-amyloid, a protein associated with Alzheimer's, in the brain, according to the results of four research trials reported today at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference- 2014 (AAIC- 2014) in Copenhagen. [More]
Study reveals effect of 3-n-butylphthalide on chronic ischemic stroke

Study reveals effect of 3-n-butylphthalide on chronic ischemic stroke

The pathogenesis of vascular dementia induced by chronic cerebral ischemia is complex, mainly consisting of energy metabolism disorder, oxidative stress injury, neuronal apoptotic cell death and cholinergic nerve dysfunction. [More]
Thyroid hormone protects cholinergic neurons in hippocampus of naturally aged mice

Thyroid hormone protects cholinergic neurons in hippocampus of naturally aged mice

Can thyroid hormone protect neuronal function and increase the survival rate of naturally aged animals? Prof. Ailing Fu and her team, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, China performed an animal experiment in which aged mice were administered with low dose of levothyroxine for 3 consecutive months. [More]
UCLA project receives $15M to restore lost memory functions in brain-injured people

UCLA project receives $15M to restore lost memory functions in brain-injured people

The UCLA Program in Memory Restoration has been awarded up to $15 million by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) for a four -year project aiming to help brain-injured people restore lost memory functions. [More]
Study shows how psychedelic drug alters brain activity to produce unusual psychological effects

Study shows how psychedelic drug alters brain activity to produce unusual psychological effects

New research shows that our brain displays a similar pattern of activity during dreams as it does during a mind-expanding drug trip. [More]